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William McKinley

National Museum of American History

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Museum of American History

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

Catalog of American Portraits

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery
Twenty-fifth president 1897–1901

Like other presidents elected during the post–Civil War era, William McKinley served in the Union army, where he rose from private to major. He then progressed from U.S. representative to governor of Ohio, and finally, to president. In the 1896 election, he defeated the populist Democrat William Jennings Bryan in a landslide victory, thereby cementing the Republican Party’s conservative pro-business platform. The Spanish-American War, which lasted from April to August of 1898, was conducted under the pretext of freeing Cuba. The war guided much of McKinley’s foreign policy and resulted in the United States acquiring the territories of Guam, the Philippines, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico—marking the young nation as a budding global power. After his reelection in 1900, McKinley was assassinated by an anarchist at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, underscoring the unending social and political unrest of the 1890s. McKinley is remembered for his patience and kindness, and for the dedication he showed his wife, Ida, who struggled with epilepsy and the deaths of their infant daughters.

25o presidente, 1897–1901

Al igual que otros presidentes electos después de la Guerra Civil, William McKinley había servido en el ejército de la Unión, donde ascendió de soldado raso a mayor. Luego pasó de la Cámara de Representantes a gobernador de Ohio y por ultimo a presidente. En las elecciones de 1896 derrotó de manera apabullante al demócrata populista William Jennings Bryan, con lo cual cimentó la plataforma conservadora, pro negocios, del Partido Republicano.

La Guerra Hispano-Estadounidense, que duró de abril a agosto de 1898, se inició con el pretexto de liberar a Cuba. Esta guerra orientó gran parte de la política exterior de McKinley y como resultado de ella Estados Unidos adquirió los territorios de Guam, Filipinas, Hawái y Puerto Rico, con lo cual la joven nación se perfiló como incipiente potencia mundial. Después de su reelección en 1900, McKinley fue asesinado por un anarquista en la Exposición Panamericana de 1901 en Búfalo, Nueva York —una prueba más de la agitación política y social que plagó la década de 1890—. A McKinley se le recuerda por su paciencia y bondad, y por la devoción hacia su esposa, Ida, que padecía de epilepsia y había sufrido la pérdida de dos hijas pequeñas.

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery
Born Niles, Ohio

Many of the artists of the miniature revival at the turn of the century were women. Emily Drayton Taylor had studied painting in Paris and in Philadelphia before she began her career as a miniaturist in the early 1890s, after having three children. She was a great promoter of the art, and through her growing reputation, she was invited to Washington to make a pair of miniature portraits of President and Mrs. McKinley in the spring of 1899. This portrait, a slightly larger version of the likeness at the White House, descended in the artist’s family.

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

Catalog of American Portraits

William McKinley

Catalog of American Portraits

William McKinley

Catalog of American Portraits

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

National Portrait Gallery
William McKinley’s (1843–1901) successes in both domestic policy (returning prosperity) and foreign affairs (the Peace of Paris, in which Spain ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States) made his reelection almost certain. His first vice president, Garret Hobart, had died; McKinley was not enthusiastic about Theodore Roosevelt being on the ticket but bowed to Republican enthusiasm for the young New Yorker. The March 4, 1901, ceremony—held as usual at the east front of the Capitol—marked the centenary anniversary of the first inauguration in Washington.

Chief Justice Melville Fuller administered the oath of office while Roosevelt looked on.

William McKinley's autograph

National Portrait Gallery

William McKinley

Smithsonian American Art Museum

William McKinley

National Museum of American History

William McKinley

National Museum of American History

William McKinley

National Museum of American History
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