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Lumber Industry

Smithsonian American Art Museum
This painting of a Tennessee sawmill processing raw tree trunks looks like a straightforward image of a thriving southern industry. But the beginning of the Great Depression had curtailed American building. Starting in 1929, mills like this one had been closed. For three years, "there was no hard-wood industry." By January 1933, the American forest industries that supplied boards for construction were in a crisis, termed "one of the pressing national problems of the day." Finally, as Federal construction projects began around the country in the spring and summer of 1933, the hardwood industry and other suppliers began to recover.

Logging crews returned to southern forests and logs poured into reopened saw mills like the one portrayed by William A. Cooper. Cooper, an African American minister who used art to explore the character and situation of his race, specialized in portraits. While this painting stresses not people but machinery such as the cranes and chute that take lumber into the sawmill, it might easily escape our notice that many of the workers in mills like this one were black. The white plumes from steam-driven band saws and the piles of logs ready for sawing were welcome sights for Cooper's southern African American community and their white colleagues.1934: A New Deal for Artists exhibition label

Dutton Lumber Yard

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lumber Mill

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Inside A Lumber Mill

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lumber Boat, Mackinac

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lumber [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
From a mural series depicting 20th century American industries. Finished panels are located in the old Monroe County Savings Bank building, Rochester, New York.

Building Structure Inventory Form, Division for Historic Preservation, New York State Parks and Recreation.

New York Times (February 8, 1925), pg. SM16.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Lumbering and Logging

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Diversification, from the Early Series

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Untitled (landscape, woodcutter on path)

Smithsonian American Art Museum

The Woodsman [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Negative marked: New Englander.

Heritage Auctions, Sale (November 20, 2008), lot 63146.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Nitrate, BW.

copy 1 negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Logging Camp

Smithsonian American Art Museum

The Woodchopper

Smithsonian American Art Museum

(Ports of America, portfolio) Seattle

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Model for Lumberman's Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Huron-Manistee National Forests, 2017.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Lumberman's Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Huron-Manistee National Forests, 2017.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Cutting Wood

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lumberman's Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Huron-Manistee National Forests, 2017.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

(No Title Given) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Nitrate, BW.

copy 1 negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Model for Lumberman's Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Huron-Manistee National Forests, 2017.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.

Model for Lumberman's Monument [sculpture] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Huron-Manistee National Forests, 2017.

Black-and-white study print (8x10).

Orig. negative: 8x10, Safety, BW.
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