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Narrative of a tour through Hawaii, or Owhyhee : with observations on the natural history of the Sandwich Islands, and remarks on the manners, customs, traditions, history, and language of their inhabitants / By William Ellis

Smithsonian Libraries
"H. Fisher, Caxton, Printer to His Majesty"--Verso of t.p.

Colophon has variant printer's statement: "Printed at the Caxton Press by H. Fisher, Son, and Co."

First published in 1826.

Frontispiece portrait of author, with his facsimile signature.

UC San Diego. Hill Coll., no. 546

Rodiek, G., Mrs. Library of Hawaiiana, p.14

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Preliminary catalogue, pt. V, p. 32 (lists pagination as: vi, 480 p.)

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy (39088015707615) imperfect: p. 457 & 463 torn, affecting text.

SCNHRB copy has gift presentation inscription on front free endpaper.

SCNHRB copy blind-embossed stamp on t.p.: Peabody Museum of Salem.

SCNHRB copy bound in brown-black faux leather binding, title in gilt on spine.


Crossing Streets; Table Manners

National Museum of American History
Fanny Brice. side 1: Crossing Streets; side 2: Table Manners (Capitol 7-32024). from the album, Baby Snooks (Capitol DC 3081) 78 rpm

Le Costume ancien et moderne : ou, Histoire du gouvernement, de la milice, de la religion, des arts, sciences et usages de tous les peuples anciens et modernes, d'après les monumens de l'antiquité et accompagné de dessins analogues au sujet

Smithsonian Libraries
The maps are counted as plates.

[v. 18.] t.-p. reads: Del costume antico e moderno di tutti i popoli del dottore Guilio Ferrario; indice general per alfabeto e per materie preceduto da un saggio di supplimento alla detta opera e dall' indicazione delle più importanti scoperte e relazioni fatte dai recenti viaggiatori dal 1820 al 1829. Milano, Dalla tipografia del dott. Giulio Ferrario, 1829.

Also available online.


Manners and Customs of Ye Yengeese

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Don't Pick Your Nose, 15th-Century Manners Book Warns

Smithsonian Magazine

Nowadays, parents make up all kinds of nonsense to keep their kids’ fingers out of their nostrils. A quick internet roundup reveals a multitude of lies: The consequences of nose-picking range from stuck fingers to supersized schnozzes, missed gifts from Santa and violent visits from an enraged snot monster.

Five hundred years ago, admonishments were a little more cut and dried—a trend evidenced by The Lytille Childrenes Lytil Boke, a 15th-century book on manners newly digitized by the British Library. “Pyke notte thyne errys nothyr thy nostrellys,” it exhorts. (We’ll save you the Middle English to modern American English Google Translate search: “Don’t pick your ears or nostrils.”)

One of many so-called courtesy books—a genre popular in Europe between the 13th and 18th centuries—the manuscript proffers advice on table manners and etiquette, ironically offering modern readers a glimpse into the mischief of medieval children, reports Stephanie Pappas for Live Science.

Originally published in 1480, the Lytil Boke certainly contains advice that has since gone obsolete. Medieval children, it sternly explained, should never use knives to pick at their teeth (“Pyke not thi tothe with thy knyff”). When handed a beverage, they should wait to imbibe until their lords had taken a first sip (“And yf thy lorde drynke at that tyde, / Dry[n]ke thou not, but hym abyde”). And under no circumstances should they engage in the monstrosities of excessive laughter, grinning or talking—transgressions that threaten to reveal a child’s natural buoyancy or joy (“Loke thou laughe not, nor grenne / And with moche speche thou mayste do synne”).

Some of the book’s advice still holds up and would be particularly pertinent in the context of a typical kindergarten classroom’s lunchtime shenanigans: Don’t spit over the table (“Spette not ovyr thy tabylle”), don’t burp as if you have a bean in your throat (“Bulle not as a bene were in thi throote”), and don’t be a glutton when they bring out the cheese (“And chesse cum by fore the, be not to redy”).

“These older collection items allow young people to examine the past close up,” Anna Lobbenberg, lead producer on the British Library’s digital learning program, tells Alison Flood at the Guardian. “Some of these sources will seem fascinatingly remote, while others may seem uncannily familiar despite being created hundreds of years ago.”

For a book centered on propriety, Lytil Boke has its fair share of quirks, including spelling inconsistencies apparent even in its title. (“Lytille” and “lytil” are both variations on “little,” a relic of a time before English spelling was standardized.) And it’s easy to imagine how the most badly behaved children might have reacted to being forced to read instructions out of a pedantic book of dos and don’ts. (Tellingly, someone named Maria, the likely once-owner of this particular copy of the Lytil Boke, apparently had the audacity to doodle her name on one of its pages.)

The British Library holds two other copies of the Lytil Boke in its collections; at least three more have been described elsewhere. But these and other courtesy books finally fell out of fashion in the 1700s, when writers began to craft cautionary tales that illustrated the perils of bad behavior through colorful narratives, according to the British Library’s Andy Stanton and M.O. Grenby.

The digitized Lytil Boke lives on as one of many “treasures from children’s literature” featured on the British Library’s new website, Discovering Children’s Books. Etiquette, the manuscript explains, isn’t just a social obligation, but a religious one, too: “Courtesy” comes directly from “heaven.”

Something for medieval children to ponder, perhaps, whenever they felt the urge to dig for gold in the Ole Nostril Pass.

An account of the island of Ceylon, containing its history, geography, natural history, with the manners and customs of its various inhabitants: to which is added, the journal of an embassy to the court of Candy

Smithsonian Libraries
Large paper copy.

Also available online.

RB SI copy is perhaps not the large paper issue, as it measures 28 cm. P. 121-4 damaged, with some loss of text. [2] p. found after p. vii, are found before p. [v] in this copy. Hand-drawn red line on frontispiece map.


A voyage to the South-Sea, and along the coasts of Chili and Peru, in the years 1712, 1713, and 1714 : particularly describing the genius and constitution of the inhabitants, as well Indians as Spaniards : their customs and manners; their natural history, mines, commodities, traffick with Europe, &c. / by Monsieur Frezier ... ; illustrated with 37 copper-cutts of the coasts, harbours, cities, plants, and other curiosities : printed from the author's original plates inserted in the Paris edition : with a postscript by Dr. Edmund Halley ... ; and an account of the settlement, commerce, and riches of the Jesuites in Paraguay

Smithsonian Libraries
First English edition; originally published in French, Paris, 1716.

Title printed in red and black; woodcut initials, head- and tail-pieces.

An extra plate (numbered 36) precedes pl. XXXVI; XXX omitted in numbering plates.

A leaf headed 'Directions to the binder', extra to the collation, is bound after the dedication (placement varies in copies).

Includes "A chart for the better understanding of the voyage to the South Sea ... by Mons. Frezier, I. Senex sculp" facing the t.p., and other charts and plans of harbours and cities, some by the author, some by other engravers or unattributed.

The postscript (p. [320]-322) by Dr. Halley is in vindication of his sea-chart "made to shew the variations of the compass."

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy (39088016463564) inscribed in ink on t.p. (and crossed out): Joshua Martini. Another ink signature obliterated.

SCNHRB copy stamped on t.p.: Library, U.S. National Museum, Smithsonian Institution Apr 7 1888 [ms. acc. no.] 131476.

SCNHRB copy half bound in old mottled calf and marbled boards; raised bands, title in gilt within red label label, gilt decorations; red edges.


A history of the island of Madagascar : comprising a political account of the island, the religion, manners, and customs of its inhabitants, and its natural productions : with an appendix, containing a history of the several attempts to introduce Christianity into the island / by Samuel Copland

Smithsonian Libraries
Errata: p. [371].

Mendelssohn, S. South African bib., v. 1, p. 628

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy 39088012039822 has bookplate: Smithsonian Institution Libraries. The Russell E. Train Africana Collection.

SCNHRB copy has armorial bookplate of the Earl of Portsmouth. Inscribed in ink on front pastedown: Lady Lymington Hurstbourne Park.

SCNHRB copy with bookdealer's invoice laid-in that has been removed to the Train manuscript file.

SCNHRB copy half bound in calf and marbled paper over boards, gilt lettering on spine.


Polynesian researches, during a residence of nearly six years in the South Sea Islands : including descriptions of the natural history and scenery of the Islands, with remarks on the history, mythology, traditions, government, arts, manners, and customs of the inhabitants / by William Ellis ; in two volumes

Smithsonian Libraries
Colophon: London: Henry Fisher, Son, and P. Jackson, printers.

A later, expanded work published in 1831-1832 under title: Polynesian researches during a residence of nearly eight years in the Society and Sandwich Islands. Additional vols. relate the author's voyages to Hawaii and the Tubuai Islands.

UC San Diego. Hill Coll., no. 549

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy (39088015704612, 39088015704653) stamped on front paste-downs: Library of the Department of State Jan 1984.

SCNHRB copy bound in dark blue library buckram with title in gilt on spine.


Narrative of Coyote, a Southern Cheyenne man, collected by Truman Michelson, 1931 Summer

National Anthropological Archives
Negative microfilm on file.

Digital surrogates are available online.

Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.

Narrative of Coyote, a 72 year old Southern Cheyenne man, handwritten in English by Truman Michelson and Mack Haag, also a Southern Cheyenne. The text includes a recounting of the history of the Cheyenne and stories from Coyote's life. Topics include skirmishes with U.S. soldiers, the construction of tipis, hunting, relations between men and women, and his observations of a Sioux Sun Dance at a Brule camp. Although the Bureau of American Ethnology catalog card indicates that this text was collected at the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana, it is likely incorrect. The notes are dated June, during which time Michelson was in Oklahoma working with the Southern Cheyenne (Explorations and field work of the Smithsonian Institution, 1932).

Journal of a voyage to North-America : undertaken by order of the French King : containing the geographical description and natural history of that country, particularly Canada : together with an account of the customs, characters, religion, manners and traditions of the original inhabitants : in a series of letters to the Duchess of Lesdiguieres / translated from the French of P. de Charlevoix ; in two volumes

Smithsonian Libraries
Bookseller's advertisements: [4] p. bound in v.2, following p. 380 and before index.

Includes index.

Also available online.

SCNHRB has four copies.

SCNHRB c. 1 (v.1: 39088002728657, v.2: 39088002728665) has armorial bookplate of Samuel Vaughan; inscribed in ink on front paste-downs: Wm. Vaughan.

SCNHRB c. 1 has polished sprinkled calf binding, gilt decorated spine, title in gilt within leather spine labels.

SCNHRB c. 2 (v.1: 39088012039756, v.2: 39088012039798) stamped on title pages: Bureau of American Ethnology Library 1896 [acc. no.] 5874-5.

SCNHRB c. 2 is half bound in maroon goatskin and marbled paper boards, marbled endpapers, title in gilt on spine, top edge gilt; measures 22 cm.

SCNHRB c. 3 (v.1: 39088013478508; v.2: 39088013478540) t.p. to v.1 torn at head, slightly affecting text. Inscribed at head on t.p. to v.2: E. Mason.

SCNHRB c. 3 is the gift of Harry Lubrecht; with his pencilled bookseller's markings on the 1st front free endpaper: NS 4/66.

SCNHRB c. 3 half bound in green calf and marbled paper boards, title in gilt within red leather spine label; with ticket on back paste-down of v.2: From Robert Clarke & Co. publishers & booksellers, Cincinnati.

SCNHRB c. 4 (v.1: 39088013481254; v.2: 39088013481296) imperfect: lacking map.

SCNHRB c. 4 inscribed in ink on front free endpaper of v. 1 and half title of v. 2: Henry R. Schoolcraft.

SCNHRB c. 4 has stamped on front free endpaper of v. 1 and t.p.'s: Smithsonian Institution Schoolcraft Deposit [ms. acc. no.] 170737.

SCNHRB c. 4 has occasional pencilled ms. markings in text.

SCNHRB c. 4 half bound in black sheepskin and marbled boards, gilt lettering on spine, marbled endpapers.


The present state of Peru : comprising its geography, topography, natural history, mineralogy, commerce, the customs and manners of its inhabitants, the state of literature, philosophy, and the arts, the modern travels of the missionaries in the heretofore unexplored mountainous territories, &c. &c. / the whole drawn from original and authentic documents, chiefly written and compiled in the Peruvian capital ; and embellished by twenty engravings of costumes, &c

Smithsonian Libraries
Preface signed on p. xi: Joseph Skinner.

Contents derived from El Mercurio peruano "as it was carried on during the first sixteen months, commencing with January 1791, and from various authentic sources ... 'Present state of Peru' has been compiled."- Pref., p. viii.

Printer's imprint at foot of t.p. verso: Printed by B. M'Millan, Bow-Street, Covent-Garden.

Illustrations hand-colored.

Plate II is misnumbered as "III"; plate VIII is misnumbered as "II."

Errata on final p.

Abbey, J.R. Travel, 723

Sabin 81615

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy 39088011476009 has blind-embossed stamp on t.p.: Bureau of American Ethnology Library; accession no.: 10658.

SCNHRB copy has a modern black quarter-morocco leather binding with red linen-covered boards and a gilt-lettered spine label.


An essay on the natural history of Guiana, in South America : containing a description of many curious productions in the animal and vegetable systems of that country : together with an account of the religion, manners, and customs of several tribes of its Indian inhabitants : interspersed with a variety of literary and medical observations : in several letters / from a gentleman of the medical faculty during his residence in that country

Smithsonian Libraries
Signatures: [A]⁴ B-2C⁸ 2D⁴.

Engraved frontispiece signed: M. Park delin.

Dedication signed (p. 3, 1st paging group): Edward Bancroft.

Booksellers' advertisements: leaves 2D3-2D4.

Sabin 3106

ESTC (RLIN) T78909

Also available online.

SCNHRB has three copies.

SCNHRB c. 1 (39088013481866) stamped on t.p.: Library of Congress Smithsonian Deposit Apr 23 1881 [ms. acc. no.] 109576.

SCNHRB c. 1 bound in green pebbled sheepskin, title in gilt on spine (at foot of spine: National Museum), marbled edges and endpapers.

SCNHRB c. 2 (39088013481908) has bookplate: Division of Physical Anthropology, U.S. National Museum. The Hrdlička Library.

SCNHRB c. 2 has ink ms. initials on t.p.: JV.

SCNHRB c. 2 bound in light brown calf, title in gilt on spine (leaves encased).

SCNHRB c. 3 (39088013481940) inscribed in ink on front free endpaper: A. Wetmore.

SCNHRB c. 3 has a few pencilled ms. notes.

SCNHRB c. 3 has frontispiece bound following p. 214.

SCNHRB c. 3 stamped on t.p.: Smithsonian Libraries Aug 04 1986 [and] withdrawn.

SCNHRB c. 3 bound in light brown cloth, title in gilt on spine.


"The Alligewi Cherokee Mounds." with manuscript annotations

National Anthropological Archives
Largely a transcript from John Heckwelder, "An account of the history, manners, and customs of the Indian nations who once inhabited Pennsylvania and neighboring states," Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, v. 12, 1876, pages 48-49 (cited in footnote to Manuscript.)

Typescript Document (carbon typescript)

The natural history of Norway : containing a particular and accurate account of the temperature of the air,the different soils, waters, vegetables, metals, minerals, stones, beasts, birds, and fishes : together with the dispositions, customs, and manner of living of the inhabitants : interspersed with physiological notes from eminent writers, and transactions of academics : in two parts / translated from the Danish original of the Right Revd. Erich Pontoppidan, Bishop of Bergen in Norway, and member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Copenhagen ; illustrated with copper plates and a general map of Norway

Smithsonian Libraries
Translated by A. Berthelson.

Title page vignettes (type ornaments).

Pagination: v. 1: xxiii, [1], 206 p.; v. 2: vii, [1], 291, [13] p.

Press figures.

Also available online.

Bound in 1 v.

Armorial bookplate: John Blackburne.

SCNHRB (formerly in the Jewett Room) has two copies; c. 2 (37 cm.) has hand colored folded map and plates 21 and 22 bound in reverse order before plate 20.


L'Afrique equatoriale illustrée par Fernand Rouget

Smithsonian Libraries
At head of title: Publication de l'Office colonial et du Gouvernement général de l'Afrique équatoriale franćaise

Also available online.

Also available online


A new voyage and description of the isthmus of America : giving an account of the author's abode there, the form and make of the country, the coasts, hills, rivers, &c., woods, soil, weather, &c., trees, fruit, beasts, birds, fish, &c., : the Indian inhabitants, their features, complexion, &c., their manners, customs, employments, marriages, feasts, hunting, computation, language, &c. : with remarkable occurrences in the South-Sea and elsewhere / by Lionel Wafer

Smithsonian Libraries
First published: London, 1699.

Plates signed: I. Savage sculp.

Title within double rule border; side-notes.

Errors in paging.

Signatures: A-T⁸ U⁴.

"An expedition of a body of English-men to the gold mines of Spanish America, in 1702. With the many strange adventures that befel them in that bold undertaking. By Nathaniel Davis": p. 263-283.

With specimens of the Cuna language on p. 145, 148-150.

Includes indexes.

Publisher's advertisement on p. [16] (1st group) and on final p.

Sabin 100940

ESTC (RLIN) T96533

Also available online.

SCNHRB has 2 copies; both are imperfect.

SCNHRB c. 1 (39088002260347) is imperfect: the map is wanting.

SCNHRB c. 1 has bookplate: Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Gift of Harry Lubrecht.

SCNHRB c. 1 has a contemporary gilt-panel-stamped full leather binding with raised bands; housed in an archival paperboard portfolio for preservation.

SCNHRB c. 2 (39088011475852) is imperfect: all plates are wanting.

SCNHRB c. 2 has stamp on verso of t.p.: Bureau of American Ethnology Library, May 20, 1938.

SCNHRB c. 2 has a later quarter-leather binding with marbled paper boards, raised bands, gilt-tooled spine, marbled endpapers, red edges; housed in a later archival paperboard box for preservation.


The world in miniature; edited by Frederic Shoberl

Smithsonian Libraries
v.1-2 and 3-4 bound together in some instances.

Also available online.

1-24 of 97 Resources