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Found 1,076 Resources

button, Americans With Disabilities Act

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one that advocates for the Americans with Disabilities Act.

button, Democratic Caucus on Disabilities

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, Vote American Coalition of Citizens with Disabilities

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one. ACCD stands for the American Coalition of Citizens with Disabilities which existed from 1974-1983.

Americans with Disabilities Act turns 20

National Museum of American History

button, Disabled American Freedom Rally

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, Disabled People's Movement

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this 1976 one.

pin, Boy Scouts Disability Awareness

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred buttons related to disability, including this one created by the Boy Scouts of America.

button, Disability Pin-Barrier Awareness

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, DIA [Disabled In Action]

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one. Students at the Brooklyn campus of Long Island University founded DIA, Disabled in Action, in 1970, to advocate for the rights of people with disabilities.

button, Defend Disability Rights

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, Equality for Disabled People

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

Celebrating People with Disabilities Through Stamps

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson plan that uses postage stamps to introduce notable Americans with disabilities. Students design a stamp of their own.

button, Attitudes Are The Real Disability

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one with a quotation from actor and disability rights advocate Henry Holden.

button, Power to the Disabled People's Movement

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, Attitudes Are The Biggest Disability

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one.

button, Attitudes Are The Real Disability

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one with a quotation from actor and disability rights advocate Henry Holden.

button, International Year of Disabled Persons

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one from 1981.

button, Disabled People's Civil Rights Day

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one from 1979.

Celebrating 25 years of the Americans with Disabilities Act

National Museum of American History

Activist Justin Dart, Jr. called it a "commandment." Some people think of it as a tangle of regulations, standards, and guidelines. Above all, it is a powerful and official statement on human rights and dignity. In July, this landmark piece of legislation turns 25: the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Circular white button with bold, capitalized text saying "I [heart symbol] ADA"

President George H. W. Bush signed the ADA in front of hundreds of people on the South Lawn of the White House. In his speech that day, President Bush hoped that the law would break down "the shameful walls of exclusion" that people with disabilities encountered throughout their lives. The ADA's purpose was to make discrimination illegal by prohibiting employers from disqualifying people who had a disability from jobs and requiring reasonable accommodation. In the first year of its existence, 12,000 individuals used it to file discrimination complaints with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

There is much to celebrate about what has been achieved over the years even as the pursuit of equality and civil rights for people with disabilities continues. The struggle for rights dates back many decades and is shared by many groups. The Fourteenth Amendment, intended to guarantee the rights of former slaves, contained the phrase "equal protection of the laws" and has been the consistent legal tool for citizens seeking equality and equity since it was ratified in 1868. Citizens, acting through the United States Congress and the states, have made many laws and policies related to disability rights, including Social Security (1935), Randolph-Sheppard (1936), Hill-Burton (1946), Medicare and Medicaid (1965), the Architectural Barriers Act (1968), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Individuals with Disabilities Act (1975, originally), the Fair Housing Act (1988) and many more. The greatest of these in sweep, impact, and empowerment is the ADA.

In 1986, the National Organization on Disability (NOD) commissioned a Louis Harris opinion poll that captured the widespread discrimination and misunderstanding about disability in the United States. Few people with disabilities had employment or sufficient income for basic needs; most did not feel included in American social life, nor did they have a sense of pride or shared identity about themselves. This was despite many decades and numerous laws designed to end discrimination.

Pile of articles clipped from newspapers. Headlines are somewhat visible: "L.A. Schools Ease Fears on Closure for Disabled." "As Dealine Nears, Barries Fall for Disabled." "The Disabilities Act's Parade of Absurdities." "Rules on disabled may stun business." "Politically correct parking policies." "Disabilities Act causes confusion."

Not surprisingly, in the first few years after the law took effect, businesses, schools, and other public entities scrambled to figure out what had to be done to existing environments and new ones. There was a lot of discussion (often heated) and many lawsuits around building ramps, replacing hi-pile carpeting, adding accessible door handles and flashing alarm lights, changing the way job descriptions were written, installing Braille signage, providing captions on TV shows, and making elevators talk. Editorial columns exploded about how to get a young girl included in the school band, taking a service animal into a theater or on a trip to Hawaii, and whether a golfer could use a motorized cart during tournaments. Working out the meaning of "reasonable accommodation" reshaped urban landscapes and relationships among people.

Tightly packed group of people protesting near parking lot with palm trees visible. In center of photo, a US flag with person in wheelchair symbol instead of stars waves, help up by a woman. Protesters, many of whom are using wheel chairs, have signs saying "No More Pity!" and "Freedom Now." There are people with photo and video cameras at edges of group.

For the anniversary, we are planning a big to-do for three days here at the museum. The Smithsonian has been working with the Kennedy Center and the VSA, the international organization on arts and disability, for months to get ready for the occasion. Festival ADA: 25 Years of Disability Rights highlights the impact and significance of the ADA.

An important part of the festivities is our ADA display, opening July 20. In deciding how to put the huge history into a small showcase, we decided to point to four aspects—the damage done to people when there is no legal protection, how government did the right thing in passing the ADA, the need for active citizens, and some gains that have come from the law—by exploring the lives of four people. The four are Junius Wilson, Justin Dart, Jr., Lois Curtis, and Cyndi Jones.

Black-and-white photo of man sitting on couch inside a house in front of window with closed blinds. Had tilted back in a laugh. Holding a baseball cap in his left hand.

Junius Wilson did not have protections and was institutionalized for most of his life.

Color photograph with green lawn and fountain in background. President Bush in center, signing documents. Two men to his left, one in a wheelchair. To his right, one man in cowboy hat in wheelchair and one woman standing. Handwritten on bottom of photo: "To Justin Dart. Without your drive, your 'believing' and your leadership this day would not have been possible. With respect and friendship. G. Bush."

Justin Dart, Jr. was a tireless advocate for disability rights and spent much of his career in government and politics, behind the scenes and in front of the mic.

Daytime color photograph of people sitting on bus. African American woman in turquoise top is center of photo, she looks to the right with mouth open. Other bus passengers around her include white man with headphones and a guy in a NY hat.

With the ADA on her side, Lois Curtis (along with Elaine Wilson) bravely sued the state of Georgia to be released from an institution, winning a victory for herself and thousands of others.

Black and white photograph of little girl and two older white men, who are sitting. Little girl with curly hair has a huge grin and holds a sign that says "Join mach of Dimes. Polio Virus Diseases, Arthritis, Birth Defects." The two men are also smiling.

Activist Cyndi Jones has fought stigmatizing language, attitudes, and regulations as a magazine publisher and now as a minister.

In addition to the showcase, the museum will host a series of films; a performance by Mat Fraser of his original piece, "Cabinet of Curiosity: How Disability Was Kept in a Box"; the opening of a disability history archive of historical materials; a special U.S. Postal Service stamp cancellation in honor of the anniversary; a visit from the ADA Legacy Bus and museum that have been traveling around the country; a symposium about Latino/as and disability, and a festival of disability culture on the museum's terraces with many of the people who were part of the fight for ADA passage. The festival also includes demonstrations of technology, gaming, art, dance, and displays of accessible way finding, transportation, and more. We'll also be inundating the blog and other social media (especially Twitter) with information and reports so people can follow the action even if you are not here, starting with a bunch of blogs (such as this one on the Iron Lung) from University of Massachusetts, Amherst students and others about the history of disability.

On Wednesday, July 15, 2015, we'll host an international conversation on Twitter and other social networks called #DisabilityStories. Join in! 

Katherine Ott is a curator in the Division of Medicine and Science. She has also blogged about "universal design" and her online exhibition focusing on disability history. She recommends blog posts on the history of the iron lung and Patrick Henry's wife's mental illness.  

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The Ability Project: Empowering People with Disabilities Through Design

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
In the upper left the words: "Design for Access: Cooper Hewitt Co-Lab." Along the bottom pictures the New York University torch logo with the words "NYU | Ability Project." In the upper right, a 3D-modeled rendering of the Carnegie Mansion in pink, blue, and turquoise. All text and images set against a gray background.Written by Claire Kearney-Volpe In 2016, Mayor Bill de Blasio and the New York City Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilities presented the Ability Project with the ADA Sapolin Award for their “fearless and innovative approach to developing tools that will improve the lives of people with disabilities.” The Ability Project builds relationships and designs...

button, Minnesota League of Disabled Voters

National Museum of American History
Pin-back buttons serve many purposes. They are efficient advertising vehicles, handy for fund-raising in support of a cause, concise statements of a person’s beliefs, a form of educational outreach, and convenient ice-breakers for conversation. NMAH has several hundred pin-back buttons related to disability, including this one from Minnesota.

disability coll object

National Museum of American History

Disabled People's Civil Rights Day Rally

National Museum of American History
1-24 of 1,076 Resources