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Angola II

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

Essay discussing liberation in Angola

National Museum of African American History and Culture
This report discusses US intevention in Angola. The essay is typed on white paper in black ink. The letterhead reads [Interpretive / Services / director / GEORGE M. DANIELS / BOARD OF GLOBAL MINISTRIES THE UNITED METHODIST CHURCH 475 RIVERSIDE DRIVE, NEW YORK, N.Y. 10097 / (212) 749-0700 / staff writers / CONNIE MYER / HELEN KROMER]. The title reads [Vietnam Again? / U.S. Intervention in Angola / Could Resurrect Bitterness / by George M. Houser]. Two paragraphs of text fill the front page. The first paragraph includes a numbered summary.

Amphipoda from southern Angola

Smithsonian Libraries

Newsletter discussing events in Angola

National Museum of African American History and Culture
This newsletter discusses Henry Kissinger's foreign policy in Africa and the fight for liberation in Angola. The newsletter is white paper with black text and the words: [Angola News Summary] appear at the top of the page. This newsletter features articles from a number of other news outlets. The first several pages has been excerpted from the April 1976 edition of Southern Africa magazine. The article "How people's power works in Angola" has been excerpted from the National Guardian Newspaper. The article "Civilians were slaughtered in Angola retreat" has been excerpted from the Feb 29, 1976 edition of the London Observer. The last article is written by the Chicago Committee for the liberation of Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-bissau. The letter is five pages each double sided.

Angola's Dreams Grasp Finger Tips

Smithsonian American Art Museum
Angola’s Dreams was inspired by Cruz’s sympathy for two Angolan men he met in Rome who had spent their lives trying to secure support for the country’s struggle for freedom from Portugal. In Cruz’s words, “these two bedraggled spirits were perhaps the most intense individuals I have ever met. Neither one could speak English so we communicated with Spanish mixed with Italian, perhaps at times assimilating Portuguese…Our souls touched and I understood the life that blooms when people have dedicated their lives to what they believe to be a just cause.”

African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond, 2012

Guard tower from Camp H at Angola Prison

National Museum of African American History and Culture
A steel and concrete tower with external stairway that sits on a raised platform. The tower has a window on each of its four sides. A doorway is on the side closest to the metal stairs. The tower has a corrugated metal roof.

Angola freedom songs [sound recording] : recorded by the UPA fighters in Angola

Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
Program notes and song lyrics ([3] p.) inserted in container.

Recorded in Angola in the early 1960's.

Angola: Victory is Certain [sound recording]

Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
Title on slipcase: A vitoria é certa.

Recording location: Angola

"Songs of the liberation army of MPLA. Recorded in the liberated zones by members of the Liberation Support Movement."

Words of the songs, with English translations and notes (16 p., illus.) inserted in container.

Populações indígenas de Angola / por Ferreira Diniz

Smithsonian Libraries
At head of title: República Portuguesa, Ministério das Colónias.

Also available online.


Flyer advertising an event entitled Angola: From Liberation to Reconstruction

National Museum of African American History and Culture
This flyer advertises a two-day seminar about reconstruction in Angola. The flyer is white paper with black text and features a photograph Angolan activists. The flyer reads: [ANGOLA: FROM LIBERATION TO RECONSTRUCTION / A 2-DAY SEMINAR ON / THE UM SO POVO PRO- / GRAM OF RECONCILIATION / AND RECONSTRUCTION IN / ANGOLA / PLACE: HIGHER GROUND CINEMA / 26 W. 20 STREET N.Y.C / TIME: / 8:00 P.M. / MON-TUE MARCH 15-16 / HEAR / Melba Smith, MPLA Solidarity Ctee. / Mimi Edmunds, MPLA Solidarity Ctee. / Larry Holmes, YAWF. (Delegate to the recent / seminar in Havana with MPLA Officials). / Elombe Brath, Patrice Lumumba Coalition, / (Recently returned from an official trip to / the People's Republic of Angola). / SEE / "ANGOLA: 2nd. WAR OF LIBERATION," a film made / by the MPLA. / DONATION / $1.00 / Sponsored by PASOA, YAWF, AYM, (partial list) / For info call 280-3992, 989-3602, AL5-8033 / APARTHEID OUT OF ANGOLA." FREE THE SASO 9!]. The back of the flyer details the activities of the Pan African Students Organization in the Americas.

Letter announcing meeting to oppose US intervention in Angola

National Museum of African American History and Culture
This letter announces a meeting to discuss efforts to oppose US intervention in Angola. The letter is blue with black typed text. The letter opens with a paragraph and follows with six numbered paragraphs. The bottom section of the letter is separated from formatted like a fill in the blank and asks that readers indicate whether or not they will attend the meeting. At the bottom of the page, handwritten text reads: [870-2645 / Rhodes Gxcyia]. The back of the letter is blank.

Pin, Lapel, Tri-State College (Angola, IN) Aero Society

National Air and Space Museum
Tri-State College (Angola, IN) Aero Society lapel pin; relief of a three blade propeller and landscape depicted; embossed text "TSC AERO SOCIETY".

Dimba Songs at Damba, near Chitado, Posto, Angola, June 13, 1971 [sound recording]

National Anthropological Archives
Also available as copy on 5 inch sound tape reel, 3 3/4 ips (71-R-17)


Hakawona Basic Vocabulary, collected at Oncocua, southwest Angola, June 28, 1971 [sound recording]

National Anthropological Archives
Also available as copy on 5 inch sound tape reel, 3 3/4 ips (71-R-18)


Jeremiah from Angola, Africa, in Costume, Playing Hunga (Musical Bow) n.d

National Anthropological Archives
Cyanotype cyanotype print on Unstandard card

Jeremiah from Angola, Africa, in Costume, Playing Hunga (Musical Bow) n.d

National Anthropological Archives
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount

Angola Man with Women in Costume on Beach; Boat Nearby DEC 1889

National Anthropological Archives
Note: See LOC Lot 7360; Davis, Herman S.; Same Photos with Id Of People and Places

Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount

Jeremiah from Angola, Africa, in Costume, Playing Hunga (Musical Bow) n.d

National Anthropological Archives
Note: Bow Collected by William Harvey Brown, Eclipse Expedition, Jun 1890

Black and white photomechanical print

Yellow Fever Outbreak in Congo and Angola Finally Comes to an End

Smithsonian Magazine

The latest yellow fever outbreak that swept through Congo and Angola has finally ended, according to the World Health Organization. The outbreak caused 965 confirmed cases of the disease—though thousands were suspected—and killed around 400 people, reports the Associated Press. No new confirmed cases from either country, however, have been reported in six months.

There is no cure or treatment for yellow fever, which is transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes or Haemagogus species mosquitoes. Once a person is infected, doctors can only treat their symptoms, which usually manifest within three to six days. These include fever, headache, vomiting and back pain. Around 15 percent of patients will progress to a more severe stage, which results in multiple organ failure. Up to 50 percent of people who reach this final stage of the disease will die.

The first cases of yellow fever were confirmed in Angola in late 2015, where it spread throughout the country and then moved on to the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Yellow fever is easy to vaccinate against. The worldwide vaccine stockpile stands at 6 million doses, but the outbreak in Congo and Angola depleted the available vaccines multiple times. Once the stockpile is depleted, it takes nearly six months to make more. For the most recent outbreak, over 30 million people were vaccinated, according to the WHO.

During this latest outbreak, the WHO approved a radical measure to compensate for the shortages: They began using 20 percent doses on local Angolan and Congolese populations. Less vaccine means a shorter protection period from yellow fever, though the exact timeline is unknown.

The only way to prevent future yellow fever outbreaks is to provide full vaccinations to the populations of the two countries. “Yellow Fever outbreaks like the one in Angola and the DRC could become more frequent in many parts of the world unless coordinated measures are taken to protect people most at risk. Therefore we need to implement a strong preventive approach to vaccinate the population at risk across the region,” WHO’s regional emergency director, Dr. Ibrahima Socé Fall says in a press release.

Earlier this month, Brazil reported a virulent yellow fever outbreak. Doctors have identified 568 cases, mostly in rural areas, reports Jonathan Watts at The Guardian. The local monkey population has also been devastated. Biologists are worried about endangered species of monkey, which could be completely wiped out by this latest outbreak.

As average global temperatures increase, making a more hospitable environment for mosquitos and other disease-carrying insects, we must be more aggressive in our strategies to prevent outbreaks of diseases like yellow fever. Increasing immunization stockpiles and rethinking vaccination strategies are just the first few steps.

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