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Found 5,711 Collections


Independence #TeachingInquiry

This teaching collection include a stamp, digital images and paintings about the Independence of Colombia. 

Yaz Nieto

A Doll's House

Annette Spahr

Ethnic Music Samples

A variety of music/dance from Africa, South America, the Caribbean and more.  #ethnicstudies

Laura Herrera

Breaking Barriers: Reconstruction & African American Leaders

This collection is designed to support teachers and students exploring the 2020 National History Day theme: Breaking Barriers in History. Included in this collection is an overview of Reconstruction and three African American leaders aligned with the NHD theme.

These resources - including  photographs, primary source documents, portraits, and articles - explore the efforts of Frederick Douglass, Hiram Revels, and Blance Bruce in overcoming  social, political, and economic barriers throughout the era of Reconstruction following the Civil War. These men were influential African American leaders who exemplified what was possible for newly freed people in the United States and who continue to inspire African American leaders to this day. It also explores the violent backlash to these changes in the political and social spheres of the United States - most notably through the terrorist activity of the Ku Klux Klan. 

By no means is this collection comprehensive; rather, it is intended to act as a starting point and provide inspiration for further research. 


Abigail Burnett


Women’s identities are complex, intersecting with race, class, sexuality, etc., and have often been overlooked or erased from history. What is the importance of being able to express yourself and voice your story? 

This collection features resources related to the November 7, 2019, professional development webinar, "Who Tells Your Story? Exploring Women and Identity," hosted by educators from the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery.  This joint webinar is one of three in the series A Woman’s Place Is in the Curriculum: Women’s History through American Art and Portraiture. Learn how American art and portraiture can bring diverse women’s stories into your classroom, connecting with themes you may already teach. Discover strategies for engaging your students in close looking and critical thinking across disciplines.  #SAAMTeach #NPGteach

This project received support from the Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative. To learn more, visit the Smithsonian American Women History Initiative website. #BecauseOfHerStory

Anne Showalter

Heroes at the Freer|Sackler

A view of cultural, disputed and everyday heroes in artworks at the Freer|Sackler Museums in support of our X-day work with 6th grade at Whittle School & Studios, 2019.

Shannon Brinkley

From Medieval to Modernism: The Impact of Classical Art & Architecture

This collection is intended to further educate viewers on the architecture and art in the Classical period using multiple resources as well as the Robert & DiYanni text, Arts and Culture, An Introduction to the Humanities (2012).

Throughout this collection readers will get a glimpse of the start of Classical architecture and how it came to be, how art lined the walls of these buildings and how art through architecture was developed. With that, readers will be able to engage and visualize today's architectural structures and how that culture influences today compared to those between the Medieval times to Modernism. They will also have the ability to recognize the true and inner beauty that lies in this architecture, amidst the chaos that regularly occurred there on a day to day basis. The truth will always remain beautiful even when it doesn't seem that way.

This collection is available for those wanting to see the beginnings of the classical art and it's influences from the medieval times up until modernism and will provide a better visual understanding that before the beauty of what architecture is today, there was once beauty at the start of it all and that remains throughout the years, just presented in different forms. 


Candi Tate

Heroism in literary art throughout history

I wanted to explore the evolution of heroism through the ages in literary art. Heroes help societies build  a moral code and give the people of a society role models to aspire to morally. Heroes  throughout history are normally people who either possess unique powers or sometimes they are normal humans with a certain moral code. My goal is to see how the idea of a hero has evolved and changed over time but also to point out how the idea of what a hero is has stayed the same in many ways throughout history.

There are many types of literary heroes. The first emerging heroes in ancient history were normally born into their role and possessed strengths beyond that of a typical human being. Most early heroes in literature had a relationship to the Gods of their culture. Some had been chosen by the Gods to serve a certain purpose and others communicated with the Gods to learn their destiny. Many of these earlier heroes grappled with human emotions and faced obstacles. Heroes would normally face some sort of battle or were facing challenges during a war. Some examples of this type of hero include Odysseus, Aeneas, Achilles and Gilgamesh. Although all of these Heroes had a connection to the Gods of their time they were at least partly mortal. Heroes helped shape a moral code for their time. Still to this day, protagonists in literature normally possess a higher moral code and because of this they live and sometimes die with honor and triumph over the antagonists.

Gilgamesh was a hero that came about during the Mesopotamian era through an epic poem titled “the Epic of Gilgamesh.” Gilgamesh portrays many characteristics of a hero. He is stronger than most humans, in fact in the poem he is said to be the strongest man in the world. He is also two thirds God, which meets the criteria of being special in some way or having a destiny to do great things. He is masculine and courageous.  It is said that Homer used this epic poem to form his own heroes in his famous epic poems "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey". 

Homer’s “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” produced two heroes that still influence literature today. In fact, the age in which these two famous poems were written is actually called the Heroic Age due to Homer’s epic poems. These poems actually brought us two different kinds of heroes that we still see today in modern literature. Achilles is more of a war hero, whose great physical strength helps him carry out heroic deeds on the battlefield. Although Achilles does grapple with guilt and in the end his valiant behavior allows him to die in honor, it is Odysseus that shows another kind of hero that uses his mind to battle enemies instead of just physical strength. These two poems still influence literature today. 

 Rome’s poet Virgil wrote the epic Aeneid that is heavily influenced by Homers the Iliad. There have been many other versions of the Odyssey written over the centuries as well. Virgil's hero is Aeneas. Aeneas has characteristics of both Homer's heroes Odysseus and Achilles. Like Achilles, Aeneas is a great warrior and like Odysseus, Aeneas is quick witted. Aeneas is said to be an ancestor of Augustus, the Emperor of Rome at the time, in the poem and therefore the poem celebrates the emperor of the time.
Horace was another great literary artist in the Roman era who was also close to Augustus and celebrated him in his writings. Horace writes Odes that idolize the emperor of Rome and paint him to be somewhat of a hero. Horace describes Augustus as a strong and fearless leader and even writes in one of his poems that as long as Augustus Caesar is emperor he will fear no evil to threaten the empire.  The works of Virgil and Horace have had great influence on literature through the ages. 

As early Christianity started to spread after Jesus of Nazareth’s death, there were many writings by his followers. This felt like an appropriate mention as Jesus of course is the head of an entire movement, but is also a hero to many. He was and is still for many people said to be the son of God. This gives him a connection to a God. His destiny is to preach the teachings of God to his followers and to bring truth and healing. Also his crucifixion is said to have brought salvation and eternal life to his followers. He, therefore, died a valiant death. His death making him even more of  a hero. During early Christianity there were many Gospel writers who said Jesus rose from the dead. Also the Bible, the "Old Testament" and the "New Testament" tell many stories of Jesus being humble, forgiving, having the ability to forgive people of their sins, walking on water, and giving up his life for the sins of Gods children. Through the literary work of his followers, he fits the description of a hero. He meets many characteristics of the earliest heroes. The Bible and other literature inspired by his movement still has huge influence on philosophers and theologians today.  Jesus is predominately a strong and important religious figure, however, I felt it was important to bring him up in a literary sense as a hero of that time that has influenced millions of scholars, and people of all walks of life since. It is also interesting to note that during Jesus's life there weren't many written documents of his teachings, however, after his death there are many accounts of what Jesus did in his life and his teachings. 

Beowolf was an epic poem written during the Medieval civilization. The author of the poem is not known, but it was the first english classic poem to be written. "Beowolf" is an epic poem that focuses on a hero who fights in three battles. The battles he fights are against three monsters, first the Grendel, then Grendel's mother, and lastly a dragon. Beowolf is a story of good v. evil. It is a great moral foundation piece of literary work. Beowolf is a loyal, masculine, hero who in many ways resembles the heroes  of the Greek and Roman era. Beowolf is quite similar to the heroes in literature that came before his time. 

Another great literary piece of work is Dante's Divine Comedy. Dante's Divine Comedy was written by Dante Alighieri. The Comedy follows Dante as he travels from Hell to Purgatory. He explains in detail the way these three phases of the after life appear and what kind of people go to each one of them. His poem has an algorithmic rhythm to it that also makes it very interesting. It is also important to note that the poet Virgil plays a role in his poem. In a way Dante is an epic hero because although he might not be described as physically strong, he is strong willed and over comes many trials during the poem. Dante also has to face many psychological trials as he makes his journey and over comes the common mans sins to make his way to paradise. Once again many of Dante's characteristics are similar to the heroes that came before him other than his strength and physical appearance, however, instead of possessing strength externally he possess internal strength to face and overcome his trials as a mortal none the less. He is also on a journey that no man before him has ever been on which might mean that the journey is his destiny just as our prior heroes had destinies they had to fulfill. Dante's Divine Comedy also had great influence. This poem brought forth the idea of ordered law and that the punishment should fit the crime.

During the renaissance there were many literary works written that distinguished good and evil and heroes in literacy began to evolve a bit, although still keeping their moral standards. One famous work that was written by Geoffrey Chaucer is "The Canterbury Tales" which is stories of thirty pilgrims who left their lives in London to travel to Canterbury Cathedral. The characters are all realistic and deal with a variety of social and moral challenges. One of a more heroic type in the "Canterbury Tales" is the Knight who perfectly depicts the idea of what a knight should be. He is strong and brave and has fought in many battles. He is also loyal, and humble and has a great amount of chivalry. The Knight in the "Canterbury Tales" is another character that fits into the same mold as the oldest heroes. He is physical strong, masculine, but also loyal, humble, and possesses a  heart of gold. 

Christine De Pizan was a heroine herself. She wrote a few influential literary works including "The book of the city of ladies". In this book Christine constructs a city of influential women that can all act as role models for other women to aspire to. Some of the women in her book include Artemisia, the queen of Caria, Blanche ,The Queen of France, and Saint Christine. Christine herself is the main character in the book. She has three women come to her in the form of Justice, Reason, and Rectitude. Justice, reason and rectitude are also the values that each women that is allowed to reside in Christine's metaphorical city must possess. Almost every women mentioned in Chritine's book is a hero and Christine herself in a hero to women and an early contributor to feminism. Christine argues that women are not inferior to men and states that women should be entitled to education and to have a wider variety of influence in their society.

Niccolo Machiavelli is another famous writer and politician during the renaissance. Although his works and beliefs are thought to be more cruel than heroic, he also wrote about his heroes in his famous work "The Prince". In "The Prince" Machiavelli sums up what would make the perfect ruler. He lists many rulers of the past as his heroes and also examples of what a good leader looks like. Machiavelli stressed the importance of being able to adapt to the times, he also stated that a ruler who was cruel to his enemies brought piece to his land. His piece of work "The Prince" is still studied today. Cesare Borgia is mentioned quite often in his book and is depicted in many ways as the perfect leader. Borgia, however, was quite a cruel leader. Machiavelli believed it was better to be feared than loved, he had many such views that are still widely studied but not favored. Machiavelli hoped to earn favor with the Medici family as the time so that he could become an advisor of the court. The reason I felt it was important to mention Machiavelli is because he played a huge role in reformation and his literary work has influenced politics for many generations. I also feel that in his book he is trying to depict the perfect ruler and maybe in such depicting a hero of a country rather than a moral hero than humans would strive to be like. He describes a ruler as needing to be strong, smart, quick witted, cruel in certain ways, and feared by others to protect and serve his country rightfully. 

With the Renaissance came the greatest writer in the English language William Shakespeare . William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets. His plays ranged from comedies to tragedies. His works of art display many different kinds of heroes. Some heroes in his plays would be Hamlet, the prince of Denmark. Hamlet struggles with the loss of his father. Hamlet is lost and searching for meaning in the world around him and is trying to make sense of who he is supposed to be. This soul searching character shows real human emotion and turmoil. He is angry with the betrayal of his brother in law and struggles to find a moral solution to this betrayal. He finally decides he has to avenge his fathers death by killing his brother in law. This is an example of the hero struggle with a moral code and doing the unpleasant for a better good. A couple other examples of heroes in Shakespeare plays are Romeo and Juliet, Viola, Beatrice, Othello, Macbeth, Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra. Most of Shakespeare's heroes are tragic heroes normally dying or committing a devastating act. Rome and Juliet and Antony and Cleopatra are two examples of heroic love where the characters try to overcome all the odds against them in the name of love. Romeo and Juliet are an example of conquering hate in the name of love and overcoming differences to find peace in order to avoid more pain and heart ache. Romeo and Juliet die at the end of the tragic play not wanting to live without one another. Some other heroes such as Viola and Beatrice are actually examples of heroines in literature. Viola dresses up as her twin brother and pretends to be him for most of the play. She is extremely likable and also struggles with an identity crisis. She is orphaned at a young age and separated from her twin brother and thus has to fend for herself. In the end her role is outed and she is free to be herself and he and her brother are united. Beatrice is another heroine who is witty and strong. She defends her family and  has no interest in marriage. She finally falls in love with sir Benedict and also helps bring down the villain in the play by playing a trick on him and bringing together her cousin and former lover after her cousin had been falsely accused of cheating.  Shakespeare is undoubtedly one of the most sought after, influential writers of all time and continues to influence literature to this day. Shakespeare is a hero himself to literary art.

The Baroque age brought a new era of literature. The poems and literary art of the Baroque age was very emotional. John Milton's "Paradise Lost" has a couple controversial heroes in it. The epic poem is written for men to understand the acts of God.  Satan is portrayed as a heroic figure in the first set of books. He is described as being noble, selfless, responsible, brave and a leader. After he is defeated by God he does not want to bow down to him and then his heroic attributes fade away and his anger and resentment make him bitter and evil. Adam, however, faces a conflict and chooses the more tempting offer. He does, however, acknowledge his mistake and tries to do right by it. Adam is the most relate-able character in the story and is also a metaphor for human kind. Christ also makes an appearance in the book and is undeniably a heroic figure. He has extremely high moral standards and sacrifices himself for man kind. 

The eighteenth century brought about the novel. Jane Austin was one famous author who wrote the famous novel "Sense and Sensibility" and "Pride and Prejudice". Pride and Prejudice has two heroes who are Mr.Darcy and Elizabeth Bennett. Elizabeth Bennett is likable, intelligent and independent. Elizabeth Bennett makes mistakes through out the book but her characteristics are likable and would present as a role model for other women. Mr.Darcy is kind and has integrity. The Romantic period brought about many authors including Goethe, Emily Bronte, Lord Byron, William Blake, John Keats, Emily Dickenson and Walt Whitman. The Byronic Hero came about around this time. It was first created by Lord Byron. The Byronic hero is someone who questions social norms, is normally an outsider, in somewhat self centered and believes they can inspire others to make good decisions and carry out good deeds. The Byronic hero is flawed and aren't ideal but they normally behave heroically. Some characteristics they normally possess are: intelligent, ruthless, arrogant, depressive, self-aware, tortured internally, emotional, reckless, dedicated to the pursuit of justice, seductive and attractive. Some examples of Byronic heroes in literature are Manfred and Don Juan from Lord Byron's literary works. Emily Bronte's Heathcliff of Wuthering heights is another example of a Byronic Hero. Heathcliff is isolated from society because he rejects society as it is. He is also driven to avenge himself by getting revenge on Hindley, who caused him much suffering. 

The next movement in literature was naturalism. Many women wrote about real problems and psychological struggles of women in everyday life. Some authors who wrote about middle class life for women were Sarah Orne Jewett, Kate Chopin and Charlotte Perkins. All of these authors focused on the lives of middle class women and their struggles internally and externally in their novels. Kate Chopin's protagonist women were known to be daring and bold. The main character of Chopin's "The Awakening" Edna Pontellier goes through  a self discovery throughout the book.  She challenges her roles in society and therefore is sort of a hero but also maybe seen as an anti-hero as she goes through a quest to self discovery and awakening.  These heroines were not necessarily of ideal moral code but in fact many question their role in society and challenged their roles in every day life. The women in these stories normally felt discontented with their lives and strive for more and go on a quest of self discovery in the process. This is a different kind of hero, but one many women could look up to and dream of becoming during this time period and even today we can all find ourselves trapped in situations and find it hard to break free from them. There is bravery is questioning our role in society and then deciding to change our role and be true to ourselves. These bold women in these novels normally fought battles like these internally and found a way to break through the norms to find happiness. 

The 20th century brought with it a new modern type of literature. James Joyce's Ulysses brings us another hero Leopold Bloom. This novel is heavily influenced by Homers "The Odyssey" and Leopold is supposed to be the counter part of Odysseus and goes through on a smaller scale in one day in Dublin a mirror like adventure as Odysseus in Homer's epic poem. Virginia Wolfe's "To the lighthouse" has a heroine called Mrs. Ramsey. Mrs. Ramsey is kind, maternal, conventional, supportive and influential. She dies and leaves her family to figure out how to move on without her but her lasting influence helps them navigate through the difficult time period. Ernest Hemingway wrote many influential and famous pieces of literary art.  Santiago in "The Old Man and the Sea" is not particularly strong or masculine but he shows bravery when he goes after the great fish. He shows strength when at the beginning of the book it mentions he hasn't caught a fish in 84 days but he still hasn't given up. He is determined. He shows perseverance when he faces the dangers and hardships of hauling the fish on board. He goes through a quest and comes out on the other side alive and wiser. Santiago has been said to be one of Hemingway's more distinguished heroes. 

A hero is a character that people can look up to and aspire to. Heroes throughout time have been a representation of what different societies value most. Heroes help us define our moral code and distinguish good from bad. Ancient and modern heroes are normally mortal which makes them easier to relate to. Heroes were created in ancient literary art and have influenced literature throughout time. 

It is interesting to see the parallels between ancient heroes in literature and heroes of modern times in literature. In general, our idea of a hero hasn’t changed much. Our heroes of modern literature are still bold, brave, and have a good heart. They act in valiant ways normally putting themselves in some sort of danger for the greater good or to save someone else. The heroes personalities evolve over time to fit their times.

I made this collection for people who are interested in the origin of the literary hero. We all have a set of values and morals we like to hold ourselves to and most of us have certain role models we look up to. This is for anyone who is interested in exploring the evolution of the hero and the idea of what makes someone a hero. The personality and physical appearance has changed with the times to fit the era they are in, but in many ways the heroes in modern literature relate to those of ancient cultures. 


Janina Richey

Week 3

Felicity Dornellas

National History Day: World War I

This collection brings together EDSITEment and Smithsonian resources to support the initial research into a project for National History Day.  While originally created for the 2019 theme, "Triumph and Tragedy in History," resources found in this collection are useful for researching other National History Day themes.  

These resources - including photographs, letters, artwork, lesson plans, and articles - explore the costs and consequences of America’s involvement in World War I and its complex legacies in the decades following. Resources highlight Woodrow Wilson and his foreign policy, the roles of African American soldiers during and after the war, artwork by soldiers and government-sponsored artists depicting the psychological effects of the battlefield, letters written by soldiers to those back home, the physical costs of war and the triumphs of medical innovation, and the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, which resulted in the deaths of 1,198 civilians. The second tile of this collection contains questions to help with the analysis of photograph, document, artwork, portrait, and object resources. 

By no means is this collection comprehensive; instead, it provides a launching point for further research.

This collection was created in collaboration with EDSITEment, a website for K-12 educators from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Share your National History Day collections and let us know what you think! Write to us on Twitter: @EDSITEment & @SmithsonianLab, #NHD2019. If you publish a collection on your National History Day topic, be sure to enter #NHD2019 in the description!

Tags: the great war, wwi, ww1, world war one, world war 1, military, perspective, 20th century, 1900s, american expeditionary forces, aef, woodrow wilson, buffalo soldiers, 92nd infantry division, 93rd infantry division, african-american, black, harlem hellfighters, art, horace pippin, claggett wilson, harvey thomas dunn, william james aylward, anna coleman ladd, prosthetic, rms lusitania, postcard, form letter, #NHD

Exeter Student

Activism: Then & Now


Wendilyn Ilund

The Soul's Expression: Identity, Individuality, & the Spirit in Visual Art

Art provides a pathway for individuals to express their inner self while also capturing the outer—this great wide world so intricate it's difficult to define.  Throughout history, humans have sought to  comprehend both their environment and their own inherent cultural uniqueness. This search has become symbolized in their artistic accomplishments and aesthetic heritage. Whether through representations of specific individuals and the human figure or awe-inspiring works of architecture, these art pieces are a window into the creative core of our past. 

In this collection, we will observe the ways in which the soul/spirit has been expressed in art, and how human creativity sheds light upon both individual and cultural identities and its varied interpretations throughout the ages. This collection is organized in three symbolic steps on a stone staircase entitled "The Stone Path of Eternity." To truly travel through each piece, I have included an image, a brief description of the work under information, and then, signified by the yellow (1) above, I've provided my own analysis and interpretation of the piece in its relationship to the collection theme. 

Through lingering through the "Stone Path of Eternity," which is represented by the first two tiles, we will from one stone to the next in seeking the many ways in which the soul's expression can be defined. 

In Stone Number One, "The Spirit's Encased Construct," we'll see how architecture and large-scale artistic projects merge to reflect both cultural identity and the individuality of their leaders through works from ancient Babylonia, Egypt, the Byzantine Empire and into the combinations made possible by the aesthetic  innovations of modern times. 

Shifting step to Stone Number Two, "Human Identity Immortalized in Matter," we delve into the ways in which the human figure is represented and what these images can share with us in terms of the varying levels, purposes, intentions behind the artist's created expressions and impact of depicting the Spirit on Earth. This idea is exemplified in creations ranging from the Paleolithic period to modern times, with examples from Egypt, Ancient Greece,  the Italian Renaissance and the 20th century popular culture. 

Finally, in Stone Number Three,"Individuals and Spirituality Entwine," we step into the door of the spirit directly, traveling through the many methods which cultures apply in trying to simultaneously convey and understand what realms are in union with and beyond this life.  Some cultures who address this idea in their artistic tradition are seen in instances of Egyptian art and work from ancient and Hellenistic Greece, as well as both the Italian Renaissance, Northern European Renaissance, and contemporary Western art. 

 The intended audience for this collection is just as varied as my subject matter. Those who might be drawn to this collection are people attracted to the enigmas of life and death, who have questioned their place in society and the mysteries this world has to hold, and are curious to know more about how, historically, cultures have related to these probing questions—for, as you will see, they certainly have existed as long as humans have walked the earth. No matter if you're in high school, college, or beyond formal education, I hope you will find my musings on these artworks and their meanings compelling and thought-provoking. 

Renowned artist and poet William Blake once wrote, "To see the world in a grain of sand, and to see heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hands, and eternity in an hour."   From the most abstract art to the remarkably realistic, there is always an image of ourselves, in the an esoteric sense, waiting to be found within.  With its timeless method, Art seeks to create a definition for this all-encompassing and ever-evading essence and I hope to continue that quest with you as we explore this collection. #AHMC2019

Emma Geller

Nude Women as the Center Focus in Art

   The purpose of this collection is to show how women, specifically those who are nude, capture the audiences attention. There nudity, holds a certain beauty and power  that isn’t match with any other type of female-led painting. This collection explores a variety of art types while also showcasing the power women hold when they are the center focus of the art. The collection is geared for anybody who needs to see the importance of women in art history and how nudity is included. The art world is captivated by the power and beauty the women exude in art. 


Nicole Montoya

Roman Art

The Romans culture included a ton of art. Granted, most of their ideas came from the Greek culture that preceded them. A lot of their art is a play on a Greek original. They dabbled in architecture; building temples, tombs, etc. They built sculptures with materials such as copper and iron. They even had a few writers and poets. This particular collection focuses on the architecture, sculptures and paintings related to their culture. I chose this topic and these segments because I am extremely interested in seeing how art was when it was first coming to fruition, generations ago. It is fascinating to mentally compare it to the art forms we see today. #AHMCFall2019


The After Life (also know as life after death )

The afterlife (also referred to as life after death) is the belief that the essential part  of an individual's identity or the stream of the consciousness continues after the death of the physical body. According to various ideas about the afterlife, the essential aspect of the individual that lives on after death may be some partial element, or the entire soul or spirit, of an individual, which carries with it and may confer personal identity or belief in an afterlife is in contrast to the belief in oblivion after death.

In some views, this continued existence often takes place in a spiritual  realm, and in other popular views, the individual may be reborn into this world and begin the life cycle over again, likely with no memory of what they have done in the past. In this latter view, such rebirths and deaths may take place over and over again continuously until the individual gains entry to a spiritual realm or Other world.  Egyptian, Ancient Greek God and the Roman  provide major views on the afterlife derive from religion,esotericism and metaphysics.#AHMCFall2019

Tabatha Gutierrez

Curated Collection Part 1: How art, music, literature, and philosophy are interconnected

The purpose of this collection is to explore how music, literature, and philosophy are interconnected in multiple cultures. This collection contains prehistoric art images and information on them, as well as descriptions of how these works were inspired by the changing culture of the time. This collection will focus on works that were very inspired by music, literature and philosophy. This collection is for anyone wanting to learn more about the influences of many famous pieces of art.  #AHMCFall2019

Colette Nichols

Religion and Architecture

This collection examines how religious architecture became more about art than just a structure. Religion and its associated art and architecture were and have been at the center of every civilization.  While this visual journey begins with religious architecture that is dedicated to many gods or even particular gods, we will see new religions that are dedicated to one God. We will visualize how new religions brought about their own changes within the architecture. This will allow us to visualize how religious architecture has always played a vital role in early civilizations continuing to the world we live in today. 

As we examine these early structures, we can see how some of the themes are the same in different cultures. For example, while the Sumerians utilized more of a solid structure for religion as in the Ziggurat of Ur. The use of the columns and the use of the open space is later used in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, and ancient Roman architecture. Following each visual of the structures, we will see whom the structure was built and dedicated.  

As we continue our journey, we start to see the development of Monotheistic religions that being with Judaism then to Christianity and then to Islam. All share similar origin stories. We can see the use of columns and space throughout this development. 

Modern times introduces us to more glass covered structures but also structures that take elements of the past and incorporate into modern engineering standards. 


Markus Vilhjalmsson

The Influence of Warfare on Art Throughout History

The concept of groups of people initiating an organized conflict with one another predates civilization itself, and will likely always be present among us.  Many of the great historic civilizations who made major contributions to the arts also contributed to the development of military strategy and tactics, and participated in historic conflicts. In these civilizations, war is a frequent subject of the artwork they've produced, and the influence of war on the cultures of these societies is notable. This collection will examine the influences that warfare had on the art and culture of these civilizations through the analysis of individual works, and is meant to be viewed by those with an interest in military history and its commemoration through artwork/architecture.



Leaders Throughout History

This collection explores varies leaders through history and why they were so memorable. These leaders will vary from rulers, commanders/captains, artists, and religious beliefs.  Throughout history leaders were treated as great people, who were able to make a stable for themselves through war, adventure, creation, and beliefs. 

One of my interest is looking back a leaders who set a name for themselves and what they have done that made them so known. All leaders from the past and modern time, have their own story and reading through each one of them is interesting to me, as it not only explain what they have done, but also how life was like. 

This collection will focus on why these leaders were so admired and what they have done for the people to view them as leaders through sculptures, architectures,  paintings, and literature. This collection is very interesting and all ages will find this collection very entertain and informative as it explain leaders from the past and modern time, but also around the world.   



Wall Art From Cave Paintings to Banksy

This collection explores wall art from cave paintings to modern-day Graffiti. The collection was authored as part of a online course, The History of Art, offered by the University of Lowell in Lowell, Massachusetts.

Quentin Donahue

Comparing Modern Artists Who Were Inspired By The Ancient Arts

This collection dives into the comparison of modern and contemporary artists who were inspired by the ancient arts (prehistoric, ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, etc.) and builds upon the meaning of art and transformation of the different styles. What do these artists have in common? How were they inspired by the ancients?


Ashley Goerke

Historic Relevance of Artistic & Innovative Feats

This collection explores historic art, music, culture, philosophy, engineering, and literature. The history of feats among those topics are discussed, as well as how they were relevant to society at the time and today. This collection should appeal to those who have a general interest in composition of any form, whether it'd be an interest in visual art, or something as different as the makeup of a certain philosophy. Tiles can contain many different things, as artistic and innovative feats have existed in every culture, regardless of the time period. Make sure to click the information tab accompanied with each image for descriptions. 

This collection follows a chronological trend starting with Ancient Egypt. The Pyramids of Giza are some of mans greatest constructions, and it's still a mystery as to how ancient man had the capability to construct such feats. Ancient Egyptian music is discussed, as well as how the harp is indigenous to the Egyptians. Ancient Greece is touched upon, especially the modern relevance of the Pythagorean Theorem. Greeks loved the human body, and they had high standards of beauty, which is very similar to today's definition of beauty. The great Roman aqueduct system was the first of its kind, it's interesting to see the initial stages of a sewer system, as you will in this collection. The Roman Empire had its share of graffiti, much of which is similar to modern graffiti, except people used to etch into rocks as opposed to using spray paint.

That's a quick summary of the initial pieces in this collection. There's certainly much more content for you to explore- much of which covers a lot of history up until World War One. Enjoy!


Brian Kelley

The Impact of America's Musical Evolution

My curated collection will investigate the non-linear timeline of music and its impact on listeners. I am a firm believer that music does not “improve” with time as it is ever-evolving in new and unique ways. However, I do believe that the additions and discoveries for new styles of music creation to be relative. Music folds over itself. In many aspects of life, not only in music, humans  have built off of past discoveries in order to continue their own research and eventual creation. 

After studying early European music pieces, I have been inspired to further explore musical evolution.  Today's artists have access to all of the music that had been created and recorded. The ability to build upon certain sounds from historic cultures is imperative to what we hear now. While modern artists have better means to effectively produce music, it does not necessarily mean that the quality is superior; they are  simply using preexisting music forms to build their own one-of-a-kind art. The connections I've made are between these ground-breaking moments in music history and what we still hear today.

The audience that this subject should appeal to is the melting pot of America. Music acts as an artistic timeline because it can poetically represent the emotions of the average person in the given demographic. The more that I learn and research of ancient music styles, the more I see a reflection in today's pop music culture.In this collection, I will emphasize the importance to be aware that while different demographics of the world live and experience different physical existences; they experienced the same human emotions. Music helps to prove this idea, giving us the ability to pinpoint the feelings of the past, present and future. 


Cam Rodriguez

The Reflection of Reality

Art mirrors cultural movements throughout history and sometimes causes people to feel a specific way about a certain situation. As far back as history goes, there have been artist that create pieces in order to show the world how they feel about a certain situation. Instead of doing this in basic ways like protesting or fighting, they will use their skills to show people in a more effective way. Whether it is through visual drawings, architecture, literature, or in song and dance. Some art is created to portray a message, and some art is created just to match the trend of the given time. A lot of artwork was created because there were popular things happening, not very controversial, but significant enough that people would appreciate the work.

In this collection we will be viewing pieces of art that all reflect the movements of society throughout history. We will also be looking at the reasons that these pieces were significant and why they might show us the importance of that particular event, trend, or movement. 


Kinley Baird
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