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Three ships surrounded by monsters

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Second state. At center, a ship surrounded by sea monsters; on its decks are men and many bells. In the background are two similar ships. In a choppy sea. Near right bottom corner: "Joan. Stradanus invent. / Joan. Galle. excud." Bottom margin: "Nauita Erythraeum panidus qui navigat aequor / In prorae et puppis summo resonantia pendet / Tintinabula: eo sonitu praegrandia late, Balenas et Monstra marina à navibus arcet." "6."

Sketchbook Page: Stag Hunt in Persia (recto); Stag Hunt by Luigi Alamanni (verso), designs for the Venationes series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Recto: A forest scene with a stag standing in the center foreground, scratching his right ear. In the background left, a huntsman is preparing to shoot an arrow at the animal. This is Stradanus's preliminary drawing for a print (pl. 36) in the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series, engraved by Jan Collaert II and published in Antwerp by Philips Galle. The finished drawing is at the Louvre (Musée du Louvre, Paris , inv./cat.nr 20.497). Verso: Seven lines of inscription below sketch of the hunstmen and stag, both by Luigi Alamanni, Stradanus' advisor and collaborator.

Elephants Helding Each Other out of a Trap, plate 1 from the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. An elephant is trapped in a deep pit, in the middle ground. Other elephants carry stones and tree trunks in an effort to rescue him. Inscribed on stone, near left center: "Ioan Stradanus invent. / Ioan Collaert Sculp." At lower right: "Phls Galle excud." Below: HUNC SERVANT MOREM NATURAE INSTINCTII ELEPHANTIS...

Rabbit hunt

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Hunters using captive leopards to capture rabbits. Horseman, left, has leopard seated on box behind him, other hunters on horseback, in background, right. Near lower left: "Ioan. Stradanus invent." Near lower right, on a rock: "Ioan. Collaert Sculp. / Phls. Galle excud." Below: "NON LEPORES CANIBUS..."

Cavemen Chasing Elephants, plate 3 from the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. In center foreground, an elephant is attacked from the rear by one of the pygmies, while two others prepare to leap from the tree, left. In the background, the Troglodytes are cutting up and carrying off the carcass of an elephant. At left center: "Ioan. Stradanus invent. / Ioan Collaert Sculp"; right of center, below: "Phls. Galle excud." Below: "Trogloditae insidijs Elephantem."

Crocodile hunt

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Crocodiles are baited by pigs, caught in the act of devouring the small animals tied up close to the edge of the beach. The crocodiles, unable to retreat easily, are stoned by men, waiting for them on the beach. At lower left: "Ioan. Stradanus invent."; center: "Ioan. Collaert sculp"; near lower right: "Phls Galle excud."

Engraving on metal; Engravers on a ship

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. A ship in which many engravers and apprentices are busy cutting, preparing and printing the plates and drying the prints. Bottom: "Joan Stradanus invent." "Phts. Galle excud."

Buffalo Hunt, plate 27 in the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Hunters on horseback and on foot, armed with spears, have surrounded a group of oxen. The hunters' dogs attack one animal, foreground. At lower left: "Ioan Stradanus invent. Ioan. Collaert Sculp." At right: "Phls. Galle excud." Below: "BUBALUS AGRESTIS, RABIDUS, TRUX ET FERUS EST BOS..."

Fowling

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Fowlers behind tree, right. Methods of snaring birds indicated: center, two birds are tied to the ground, thereby attracting other birds (starlings) to the scene. Above, groups of birds carry off glued snare-lines. At lower left: "Ioan. Stradanus Ioan. Collaert Sculp." Left center: "Phls. Galle excud." Below: "CORNICEM IN CAMPO LIGAT AULEPS..."

Bulls and goats attacked by foxes

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. In the foreground, foxes attack sheep and a bull. A shepherd and his dog run toward the scene, upper right. Flock of sheep, in background, right. Center: "Ioan. Stradanus invent."; at lower right: "Ioan. Collaert Sculp. Phls Galle excud." Below: "CORSICA GUAS QIGNIT PRAE STANTI."

A water mill

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Beside a river, the two water wheels are seen at center. Men, bringing grain, weighing it, and pouring it into the grindstones. Bottom center: "Joan Stradanus invent." "Phls. Galle excud."

Lion trap

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. The lions, frightened by the lighted torches carried by the hunters, are forced into the string of nets set up to trap them, right. At lower left: "Ioan. Stradanus invent." Right of center, below: "Ioan. Collaert Sculp."; at lower right: "Phls Galle excud." Below: "AS TU QUI SATAGUNT VALIDUM ILLAGUEARE LEONEM..."

Apes imitating hunters

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. In the foreground, right, a group of men, washing their eyes, using the basins. In the middle ground, a number of apes imitates them. At lower left: "Ioan. Stradanus invent."; at left center: "Ioan. Collaert Sculp."; at lower right: "Phls Galle excud." Below: "QUO VENATORES OCULUS..."

Invention of the Compass, preliminary design for "Lapis Polaris Magnes," plate 2 in the Nova Reperta (New Inventions of Modern Times) print series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Recto: A scholar in his richly furnished study, seated at his desk using a compass. (He is identified in the related print as the legendary Flavius of Amalfi, thought to have invented the compass.) A low bowl stands in the right foreground supported by four lion feet over which human heads rise, representing the quarters of the globe: "ocsidens / tramontane / levanus / meridiens." A ship model hangs from the ceiling. Verso: an inscription in Stradanus' hand, "brief vanden 25 jannuare 3 hebben..."

Dedicatory page of the set "Mediceae familiae rerum feliciter gestarum Victoria et triumphi"

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Vertical rectangle. An escutcheon surrounded by many animals, statues of Diana and another huntress, two hunters and the coat of arms of the Medici with spears and horns, contains the text beginning: "COSMVS MED. MAGN: ETRVRIAE" and ending with : "Johannes Stradensis Flanfrius inuen. Philippus Galle Sculp. et exud:/1578." Bottom center: Ad Lectorem. Framing lines, bottom: Exornant aulasque aulea parentis Hetrusci, Pluribid exemplis his tibi lector habe."

St John the Baptist in the Wilderness

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
St John the Baptist in the Wilderness; to the left, St John sits upon a rock by a stream holding a dish, his reed cross propped up on a rock beside him; a ray of divine light, with Hebrew letters symbolizing God, emanates from above; to left, water pours from the rocks into a pool below, from which a lamb drinks in the foreground; a mountainous landscape behind.

Unwinding the cocoons

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Several women are seated at long tables on which silkworms cocoons are placed, and are in process of unwinding the cocoons, the thread being wound on long spools. Woman stands, left, with a child in her arms. View of street in background, left, with women gathering cocoons (?).

Spreading the leaves on the feeding trays

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Woman busily spreading leaves on the tiers of trays, right. Through the open door, left a view showing women gathering mulberry leaves from the trees. A man, in center foreground, empties a sack of leaves on the floor.

Crocodile Hunt in Tentyra, in Egypt, plate 30 from the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. The jaws of the crocodiles are pried open and a stick inserted to render them helpless while they are clubbed to death. At lower right, in the foreground, one man sits astride a crocodile, holding the stick in place, while two others prepare to use their clubs. Near lower right: "Ioan. Stradanus / invent..Carolus de / Mallery Sculp.; Phls Galle excud." Below: "TENTIRA IN AEGYPTO..."

A Roman Soldier Fighting one of Hannibal's Elephants, pl. 7 in the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. Public combat between armeed warriors and an elephant. All of the warriors have fallen, except one, who faces the elephant, his sword upraised. A portion of the elephant's trunk has been severed. Spectators in enclosures, right and rear. Left to center, below: "Ioan. Stradanus invent. / Carol de Mallery Sculp. / Phls Galle excud." Below: "ANNIBAL IN BELLO CAPTOS CONFLIGERE COGIT..."

Fighting serpents with fire

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. A group of serpents is trapped in the underbrush, in the foreground, caught in flames set by men with torches. In the background, an animal is being devoured whole by a serpent. Near left center: "I. Stradanus inv. / C. de Mallery Sculp. / Phls Galle exc." Below: "INGENTEM VEGETO SERPENTEM..."

Fight between Elephants and Snakes, plate 2 from the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. An elephant is attacked by a serpent, right foreground. Another serpent, in a tree, left, watches an approaching elephant. In the background, Troglodytes cut up and carry off the carcass of an elephant. Left of center, below: "Ioan Stradanus invent."; right of center, below: "Carol de Mallery Sculp."; lower right: "Phls Galle excud." Below: "EXCELSA IN BARRUM DRACO SESE EX ARBORE IACTAT..."

The Roman Consul Attilius Regulus Fighting a Giant African Serpent, plate 25 in the Venationes Ferarum series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. The serpent is in the center of the composition, middle ground, surrounded by foot-soldiers and horsemen firing cannon and arrows at him. At lower left: "Phls Galle excud."; near lower right: "Joan Stradanus inuent. / Car. de Mallery Sculp." Below: "ATTILIUS CONSUL ROMANUS."

Indians Catching Fish with the Help of Pelicans, plate 23 in the Venationes Ferarum, Avium, Piscium series

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Horizontal rectangle. An inlet, with men standing on shore on both sides, watching the pelicans gather fish in their pouches. Each bird bears a ring about its throat to prevent it from swallowing its catch. In the foreground, right, a pelican dislodges the fish before its master. Near left center: "Ioan. Stradanus invent."; near lower right: "Carol de Mallery Sculp"; at lower right: "Phls Galle excud." Below: "ANSERIS INSTAR AUEM FOELIX..."
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