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Found 2,010 Collections


Way of Life in Colonial America

The Colonial Period is very important for the reason that during this period, colonists spent this time forming a better life from their old one, at the same time learning and adapting to the new environment. Children during this period spend most of their childhood learning from their parents, there was not time for school. 

Nonetheless there are numerous innovations and ideas that have evolved and made it into present day society. In my collection of art work there is a mix of a little of everything that ties back to the way of living that took place during the colonial period. Most of these artwork correlate with daily lifestyles and also ways to pass time during the day. 

Hakeem Alfeche

Early Trade

theodore galanos

Different Types of Ceramics During the Consumer Revolution

This collection contains ceramics that typical people would have in their household to either use or place for decoration during the late 17th century and early 18th century. This time period was known as the Consumer Revolution. During the Consumer Revolution, many people obtained more money, which caused many people to have left over money after spending it on their basic necessities. Therefore, the only way to differentiate social status was by the types and amount of goods you had. This made people to start purchasing things such as fancy china sets, nice looking furniture, beautiful portraits, and expensive clothing. However, the main focus of this collection is looking at fancy china sets that people had during the Consumer Revolution because China glasses was mass produced and common during this time. Producer of the ceramics would make anything from pots, cups, bowls, and plates. 

Austin Kim

Revolutionary-Industrial America In Surgery and Medicine

Since the beginning of civilization, there has always been a demand for surgeons, doctors, and physicians who could cure the ailments of common men. However, in earlier times, knowledge of the human anatomy was limited and as was knowledge of the necessity of sanitation for surgery. Although during the Colonial Era of America there was progress in the medical studying, mortality rates in surgery were still high regardless. It can be seen though that by looking at the following objects, there has been evident progress in medical practice from Colonial to industrial America. From comparing surgery as something equal garden work all the way to advancing studies of Medical techniques to compliment cleanliness and efficiency, progress in medical study during such time is America is irrefutable. 

As said, in the nascence of Colonial America, evidence shows there was very limited knowledge of medicine and surgery. Since people had little knowledge in regards to medicine, quackery would be common in medicinal practice. In the last 1600's "Recipe" books for surgery would held in the same regard as cooking. There would be ointments that would claim to cure or tend any sickness such as cancer. Even as time progressed, ignorant quackery would take control of the medical world. A very famous of quackery during the 1800's would be Metallic tractors. Metallic tractors were said to be a modern substitute to bloodletting by stopping inflation. Studies did present that Metallic tractors had no realistic use apart from placebo. 1840's would be the beginning of American industrialism and when it would be commonplace to promote cleanliness in surgery. Although sanitation was encouraged, manuals on surgery would have no mention of bacteria, viruses and infections due to a lack of knowledge of such subjects. 

In conclusion, although there was progress in medical study, quackery was still quite common in Colonial American society. However, the progress that occurred in Early America was necessary for the doctors from darker times to learn from the mistakes and past and make a safer future.

Andres Canales

American Art

In American history, art was an important aspect of everyday life for the colonists. Their expressions of art came in many forms such as sculptures, paintings, dishes, quilts and metalwork. As showcased on some the collections, they used this artwork to express their views on certain problems they were faced with such as the Stamp Act teapot. For other pieces of artwork it was a way to show off wealth. The dishes and portraits in the collection displayed a form of wealth to colonists in this period of time. Today, arts displayed in homes are still shown as a form of wealth. Although modern art is much different than those shown in this collection, these various forms of art have influenced the art we create today.

Maci Sims


Matoaka is the birth name of the world renowned Native American, Pocahontas. Pocahontas was a Native American, who was apart of the Powhatan tribe. Her dad was chief of the tribe, and her uncle was also Opechancanough (another famous Powhatan). Pocahontas' name has been heard from all over the world. 

At the age of 11, she saved an Englishman by the name of John Smith from getting beaten to death by her father. John Smith later on told the story of the "indian" who saved him 17 years later. As she grew up she was unbothered until Pocahontas was taken by settlers in Jamestown. She was to be used as something to trade off to receive captured Englishmen from the Powhatans. As a prisoner, John Rolfe comes across her. John Rolfe was a man who introduced tobacco to the early settlers as a form of income. John Rolfe fell in love with Pocahontas. He wrote a letter to Sir Thomas Dale asking him could he marry her. Pocahontas marries the white man. She then moves to England and begins to conform to their society. Matoaka had let go of her Powhatan beliefs, changed her name, and converted to Christianity. She now has three names: Matoaka, Pocahontas, and Rebecca. She lived until the year 1617.

Bryannah McKay

American Art

In American history, art was an important aspect of everyday life for the colonists. Their expressions of art came in many forms such as sculptures, paintings, dishes, quilts and metalwork. As showcased on some the collections, they used this artwork to express their views on certain problems they were faced with such as the Stamp Act teapot. For other pieces of artwork it was a way to show off wealth. The dishes and portraits in the collection displayed a form of wealth to colonists in this period of time. Today, arts displayed in homes are still shown as a form of wealth. Although modern art is much different than those shown in this collection, these various forms of art have influenced the art we create today.

Maci Sims

French and Indian War Collection

In 1754-1763, the French and Indian war, also known as the 7 years war,  The British, and Native Americans along with their French allies had a major war against each other for the Ohio Valley.  The English colonies and the French ended up expanding towards each other, causing a problem when it came to trade and territories. During the war specific weapons were used like rifles, canons, knifes, swords, etc. Also, there were many forts and battlefields that contained certain artifacts (especially bones archaeologist dug up).  This collection shows some interesting artifacts and pictures that were found to give a visualization during the war. 

Jessica Awoh

Hot Air Balloon Impact on Culture

The invention of the hot air balloon revolutionized the 18th and 19th century fad culture. After years of skepticism, trial and error; the widespread use of this marvel change the American culture of the day. Once the hot air balloon’s technology was rectified it became clear that this technology was a symbol of wealth. Thousands of news publication displayed futuristic art showing a world of wealthy businessmen riding the newest and trendiest hot air balloon. It became fashionable to go to the air show and watch this balloon in person. Also to ride a hot air balloon became a need to stay with the times. Impact of the print revolution brought widespread awe over the new technology and its representation of the wealthy. This later created the wave of poorer Americans mimicking the culture of the rich in an attempt to display wealth. This also spotlighted the divide between the rich and the poor at the turn of the century.  It impacted women's clothing and hairstyles in a way that showed off their husband’s wealth. This displayed the inequality between men and women. But trends like are similar today. A brand new technology such as a Tesla would be a staple for the rich solely become a staple for the poor. This serves as a lesson to show how we view trend and what’s important.

Donovan Mattox

The Timeline of the Revolutionary War

There is controversy over the Revolutionary War mainly discussing, was it revolutionary? Years before the war, there were many events that led up to its outbreak. The pictures that I included are artifacts and evidence that reveal the motive that colonists had for wanting to rebel against the British. Also, analyzing these events can help justify the purpose of the Revolutionary War.

Jasmine Hau

Tools For Work in Early America

At first, the colonies relied on imported goods to meet consumer needs. Without any real capital to create their own goods, America was at the mercy of import taxes in order to meet their needs. However, in the mid to late 18th century, we start to see America taking matters into their own hands. With the rising market for American goods and services, manufacturers would need the capital to meet these demands.

This collection explores the tools that you might find in early American places of work. Each tool served its respective industry without replacement, helping to create a legitimate sector of industry. While some may seem mundane by today's standards, each tool was irreplaceable in its function. These tools made the jobs of American workers significantly easier, creating an economic incentive to produce and consume American goods.

After the American Revolution, it was more important than ever that America have the tools to create supply that is sufficient to meet the demands of American consumers. The new political freedom that came with independence also require economic freedom. American manufacturers needed the latest technology in order to maintain this level of independence. The tools found here helped boost production, making an independent marketplace more viable and lucrative.

Nathan Neal

Social Structure of the Spanish Colonies

This collection represents the material culture that citizens acquire, regarding their race, class, and gender during the Early Colonies period. 

Around this time in 1492, Christopher Columbus' arrival into the New World affected the way Europeans viewed the world politically, socially, and economically. The Columbian Exchange was a large trade of goods and people from the Old World to the new World. Furthermore, the idea of mercantilism controlled these foreign colonies and trade which equated to wealth and a sense of security for these colonies.

Spanish conquerors used their large plantations to force labor among African and Indian slaves. Somewhere along the line, the Spanish began to intermarry and discriminated against these laborers, which in turn created a new class system, and destroyed native cultures. 

The social class system of Latin America goes as follows from the most power and fewest people, to those with the least amount of power and the most people: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans and Africans.

Those with a higher class made the most of materialistic goods and were known for being a bit of a show off, especially in paintings.

The Roman Catholic Church created these class systems during baptisms. Also, gender roles for men and women began to come into play. Men and women had specific roles and expectations for their daily lives.

This colonization affected the way Latin America would be perceived forever. It resulted in deep-rooted race issues and inequality, created divisions between the rich and the poor, and created specific gender roles that that are still followed to this day.


The Royal Proclamation of 1763

The Royal Proclamation of 1763, opened the Western Frontier, when the French surrendered the land to Britain, after the French and Indiana War, also known as the Seven Years War. The Western Frontier line was all of the land West of the Appalachian Mountains. Britain did not want the colonists and the Indians fighting; therefore, Britain put out the Royal Proclamation of 1763, stating that the colonists could not occupy, or even go past the Western Frontier. The colonists that had already established homes past these boundaries were demanded to leave. The Proclamation gave relief to the Indians that feared that the colonists would run them off of their land again. The colonists did not like the idea of Britain putting limitations on them from thousands of miles away; consequently, the colonists rebelled (Proclamation of 1763 proc63.html ). 

Bradon Cobb

Toys and Games Children Played with During and After the Colonial Period

This collection includes toys and games from the colonial period and after. Like most items created during this time frame, these toys and games were usually handmade out of easily accessible items like wood, cotton, and paper. This collection includes a variety of toys such as two dolls, checkers and dominoes, a rattle ball, a board game, jackstraw, a carousel, playing cards, and a shuttlecock used during the game of Badminton. Each one of these items symbolized how products from this time period were individualistic and could be made right at home. 

Joycelynn Thomas

The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act was an act passed by the British in 1765. The Act was enforced to require the colonist to pay a fee or tax on every piece of printed paper they used. Items like legal documents, license, newspapers, and even playing cards were taxed. They had to buy paper from the British that had official stamps to show they paid the tax. Colonist could only pay the taxes in gold and silver, not even paper money. The money gathered from the Stamp Act was used to help pay for the French and Indian War. It was used to pay for things the troops needed in exchange for their service.

Alexis Chaney

The Revolutionary War's Combat

During the Revolutionary War, many new weapons and battle strategies were created. The reasoning for the war was for freedom from the British. At the time the British was a powerful nation, so to have to go into war with them must have been terrifying. The colonies had to produce their own products at that time or get them from other countries, which was difficult due to the resources available and having the British attacking their ports. Many different weapons were used and new producers were formed to keep up with demands. The patriots had to use many tactics to defeat the British in battles.

The following items are examples to what was used in combat and how it started. Some of the items also reflect how journalists portrayed the battles and combat during the time. The first half of the collection is organized as actual items first with the most useful items placed first. The second half of the collection are the events during the Revolutionary War in order of date it occurred. 

Rafaan Ahsan

The Effects of The Consumer Revolution

The consumer revolution was a major part of history that influenced societies views on good and the status that comes a long with wealth.  We see an increase in ease of credit, travel, and more efficient production which allows people to now display their wealth and status in society

The pieces included in this collection will relate directly to the consumer revolution and show the transition into this period of mass consumption in america that increases the dependency on Britain for production, as well as the widespread elite debts that lead to increases in taxes.  and the eventual effects that  lead to the separation from Britain. This trend is something that leaves a lasting imprint on American culture and is something that can still be seen today. 

Gabriel Rodriguez

Clothing within Historical America

One thing that will always change with time is trends. To be more precise, fashion trends. In the past, people wear clothing vastly different from today's fashion choices, but like today, fashion was something meticulously sought out by the general public. Throughout history, there were many interesting clothing choices. In the beginning, the colonists were struggling financially, but near the 1900s, the change in time allow different fads to emerge and cultures to converge.

Within this collection, you will see the many types of clothing worn by different people during this time period. At the start, the trend was that of simple garbs since most of the colonists came from poor backgrounds. Later, the trend became something more of revolutionary and prosperity as the end of Revolution passes and mass production of clothing became easier. Clothing then incorporates styles from French and British like French lacing and British style of dress design. After the end of the Revolutionary War, the styles of different countries actually mix together as trade become more open and goods are shipped from one port to another.

Neon Bui

Native American Portrayal in Media During the 1800s

This collection does not pertain to a certain period; instead it spans throughout the 1800s. The portrayals chosen are not organized into a period due to the fact that the ideology of Native Americans primarily are negative, both past and present. This ideology was first planted into history through Christopher Columbus’ first meeting with “Indians”. In his journal, he describes them using animistic terms including, “ Their hair [is] coarse-almost like the tail of a horse…”.

 Although they are human-beings and bleed red, in the eyes of everyone else they viewed them through warped lenses, they were monsters simply because they did not share their skin tone, their culture, their religion, or their mannerisms. They were characterized as “savages”, the notion of this word is that of uncultured, inhumane, and uncivilized. They were civilized, they did have their own culture, but it was not that of European Culture that sets it apart.

Thrown in this collection are positive portrayals, however, it is to be noted that out of ten there are only two. This was done on purpose to showcase how the majority are negative, and how hard it is to find a non-biased portrayal. 

Allyson Khiev

The Mexican - American War

The Mexican-American War, which took place from 1846 to 1848, marked the United States first battle on foreign soil. Under the presidency of James K. Polk, the 11th president, America would expand more than one-third (
The main causes of the Mexican – American War was disputes of land. President James K. Polk belied in the idea of the Manifest Destiny, and ideal that America not only  had the God given right to occupy and civilize North America, but was destined to. He had his sights set on what is known today as the American Southwest; California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Western Colorado (Mt. Holyoke College). 
After an offer from President Polk to buy the land along California and New Mexico was rejected, Polk proceeded to place troops along the Rio Grande and the Neuces River, therefore instigating the first battle of the Mexican American War (Gordon). 
The first attack broke out on April 25th, 1846, on General Zachary Taylor and his soldiers, killing about a sixteen people (Stevenson). 
After two years of battle, on February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established the Rio Grande as the United States- American border. Mexico also recognized that the United States had possession of Texas, and sold California and the rest of the Northern Territory of the Rio Grande for $15 million (Stevenson). 

Kayla McIntyre

Home Decor in America 1700-1865

In 18th century America after the Revolutionary War, people started to obsess more and more about their outward appearances. People were judged by society based on the possessions they had in their homes. This led to conspicuous consumption and more money spent on extravagant luxury goods. People started to purchase things that they didn't think was necessary before, like statues and paintings and other lavish home decor and furniture. For the first time, Americans began to care more about their social status and how they appeared to other people. Men and women started wearing more makeup, more wigs and more jewelry, and they most importantly began to decorate their homes with as many luxury goods they could afford. Parties were thrown to show off a family's wealth rather than for hospitality. Furniture started getting more ornate, and when people couldn't afford to have real gold or real marble, they faked it. Many people would commission painters to depict them as being more attractive, slimmer and more wealthy. People would hang their portraits in their living rooms to show their descendants what they looked like, and these portraits would hang on the walls for generations. Home decor started increasing in popularity, and American society took interior design inspiration from English and French royals. Today, through looking at home decor from the 1800's to the 1900's, we can have a glimpse of what life was like back then.

Anastasia Karas

Colonial New England

By 1620, Puritans began to settle in Plymouth with hopes to start their new colony and run their church how they believed was correct. The Puritans believed in living by rules and serving no one but God, if one was to break these rules, harsh punishments would follow, which evidently was the beginning of laws and regulations. Puritans set basic standards that the world would come to modify, but still use.     

This collection shows some of the items that the puritans left us with, you can see a resemblance with these items and how we have come to modify them today. 

These items include:

A puritan male and female

A punishment

a bible

prayer beads

sermon guide 

hymns for kids



a house

 gas stove

mortar and pestle 

 pencil holder





Caroline Joseph

Music and Musical Instruments Before 1865

This is a collection of musical instruments and the scores they played. Both American and Native American instruments are included.

ryan salter
1633-1656 of 2,010 Collections