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Found 2,022 Collections


Boys Coat, Silk Diaper

The Silk Diaper was made in 1790. It is pretty much a cool jacket situation. Im assuming it was for younger boys, being that it is named a "Boys Coat". It's origin is England. I think the coat is pretty cool, there's actually men's clothing that are still made and tailored to this fit today. 

Keniya Ivory

Glorious Inventions And The Industrial Revolution

This collection represents the significance and the modernization of the industrial revolution. Before the industrial revolution, manufacturing was done in people's homes using hand tools and basic machines. This had all shifted in a matter of time. From transportation and communication to powered machines, factories and mass production, industrialization was a way of life.  

Although there were some drawbacks as a result of the industrial revolution, the pros outweighed the cons. This collection is created to examine the many great inventions that were introduced and how they made human life much easier. This collection also shows art, ceramics, and documents that were important during this time. 

Arman Noorali

"Ohhh.. The Wondeful Timelessness of Women"

As time goes by, we evolve and old ways become replaced with new ways of thinking. The American revolution consisted of a time when women went by patriarchal views and values. During this time women were taught men were the head of the household and were in power and more important.

Although, as time passes we saw women standing up for themselves. We saw women claiming more and asking for more. I wanna explore a topic not talked about enough and that is the significance that the patriarchal role had on making women feel inadequate and therefore contributing to this magnified role in the American revolution. In my collection, I will showcase artifacts and pieces of evidence exhibiting how women's inferior social class still plays an amplified role in the revolution.

Sierra Walker

Ships Before Mid-Nineteenth Century

This collection represents many types of ships before mid-nineteenth century. These ships presented here represent the types of trades and voyages that occurred during the time period. Ships before 1865 were used for a variety of reasons. Ships were used for battle, whaling, the transport of goods and crops, and the transport of slaves. What ships were used for definitely says a lot about the time period. How the ships were made depicts the innovation at the time. What was transported depicts what was in great demand, for example tobacco and slaves. All the items in the collection ties into how ships were used at the time. Due to the amount of money brought in from ships it is apparent that ships and trades had a big affect on economies.

Daviana Truesdell

The World of Music

What would life be without music? Music is used throughout our everyday lives. Music was used for musicals, plays, films, TV shows with no words, like the show Tom and Jerry, and still is used now days for those same reasons and much more. Life without music is a life without color and a life without being able to express yourself. Music is found in every known culture, past and present, varying widely between times and places. It is a critical piece of individuals' way for living, as it creates a key part in religious customs, soul changing experiences (graduation and marriage), social exercises (dancing) and social activities.

Chalynn Wynn

The Transatlantic Slave Trade

The Transatlantic Slave Trade was the journey from Europe to West Africa to acquire slaves then across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas then back to Europe during the 16th to 19th centuries. The objects that facilitated the functions of the slave trade made the trade simultaneously more efficient and inhumane.

The ships were very important because they carried goods from port to port whether it was slaves to the Americas, sugar and tobacco to Europe, or guns and cloth to Africa. Without the ships none of the transportation from port to port would be possible and as a result the trade would have been nonexistent. Middlemen were also integral to the slave trade as they were Africans who knew the interior thus they were able to capture slaves because most Africans lived on the interior of the continent. Without the middlemen the Europeans would not be able to capture the slaves because they did not know the land and the interior. The forts/trading posts also played a vital role in the slave trade as they facilitated the trade between the Europeans and Africans, the Europeans giving the Africans guns and cloth in exchange for slaves, gold and spices. The forts/trading posts also held slaves awaiting to be transported to the new world for several weeks.

Morgann Mitchell

toys in 1860

        In the 1860's toys where not as big and showy as they are now. they where very light hearted and simple but would still entertain the kids who had fun playing with them. Toys like the rocking horse were very simple in design providing only one thing which was to rock back and forth. The toy ark on the following picture is simple in design as well since it really doesn't do anything however it seemed to be a good way to educate kids back then about Noah's ark which is a fundamental Bible story. simple small rolling toys like the train seem simple now a days but where very popular amongst boys back in the 1860's.  

        The crank carousel is not to weird as there are many modern counterparts but basically it is really used by just cranking the lever until it starts moving around and maybe making some music which was really a basic form of amusement for kids in the 19th century.  The cat toy was a simple wooden toy that seem to have something in between it that made a sound when pushed. The Cradle seemed to be made for dolls since its unlikely to be made for an actual baby. The Dog toy seemed to be made and work the same way as the cat toy did. 

       The doll was a main toy little girls played with and seemed to be made out of wood all around with a simple dress as a cover. The Doll that follows the first doll seem to be a more elegant doll that was most likely reserved for wealthier families with little girls. The Duck toy worked and was made in the same way as the cat and dog toys were where you pressed on it and made a noise. The farm set was basically just a set of farm animals with a farm house included it like a lego set but with out the building aspect it was more of a toy for the imagination. 

Miguel Ramon

The Roles of Women in the Revolutionary War

This collection represents the many different roles and jobs women had during the Revolutionary War. Many women had to step up during this time and take on certain roles that they were not normally used to. This collection is designed to show the importance of women during this time period and the huge role that they played.

The beginning of the collection shows how even though women were not allowed to serve in the military during this time, many still served as secret soldiers. They would cut their hair and disguise themselves as men. The next few images show the more common roles that women had during this period. Most of them were seamstresses, cooks, and maids. While the man of the household was gone due to war, the women had to take care of the children as well as keep up the house and chores. Lastly, women also served as nurses during this war. Although they didn't perform the actual medical procedures, they would mostly do the cleaning, cooking, and bathing of the patients.


Angelica Bufano

18th Century Vanity in America

This collection moves through the products and ideas that shaped beauty standards in  18th century America. Vanity was just as important for men and women in the 18th century as it is today. Early Americans were greatly influenced by Europe, whether that be religious ideas, architecture, fashion, alcohol, or weapons. One shared idea was beauty standards. In the 18th century Americas views on luxury goods came directly from England and France especially fashion and cosmetics. I have collected ten images showing the use of beauty products used through out the 18th century. 

Kaila Smith

Apothecaries in Colonial America

During the colonial period of America, medicine was a highly undeveloped form of science. Those traveling overseas encountered many illnesses ( Since the colonial period developed in the 17th century, the science of medicine revolved around the resources that were available before technology. Due to the lack of resources and variety of medicines, an apothecary served as an interesting occupation during the 17th century.

According to, a few practices an apothecary performed include: providing medical treatment, prescribing medicine, training apprentices, performing surgery, and serving as mid-wives. Apothecary shops eventually grew into mirroring modern day drugstores. On top of selling medicine, apothecaries would often sell cooking spices and oil, toothbrushes, and tobacco (

A colonial apothecary’s practice correlates with doctors. They would often times have to attend house calls, and then prescribe medicine. During the 17th/18th century an apprentice was a young man going through hands on experience in order to learn the ins and outs of herbal medicines.

The apothecary system in colonial American served a great purpose, seeing as it was a convenient way for people to receive medical treatment. The concept of apothecaries and their apprentices serves an interesting and direct view into colonial America and the medical sciences they were capable of performing.


Helen Crenshaw

Guns Galore

The pictures included in my collection will be of the various types of guns that were used in wars such as Civil War, War of Texas Independence, Creek War, War of 1812, etc. It will also include pictures and statues of soldiers who have fought in these wars holding guns from the wars they participated in. The end result is for you, the reader, to be able to see the differences of weapons used in different time periods and areas and how they changed or stayed the same over time (All pictures were found on this site).

Keeshai R.

Wealth in the America's

Wealth in the America's could be reflected from the shoes that people wear to the house that one may live it. Being wealthy is something many dreamed of and their wealth was measured by what type material of clothing as well as the color and even artwork on anything that they own. Wealth was measured by many things that only a certain amount of people were able to show off.

People were able to become wealthy do to their professional life by making money as a lawyer, judge, or by being a slave owner.

The collection is of what a typical wealthy person would own around the 18th century. 


Clothing, such as the dress and the three piece suit


Tea sets



and their homes

Jesus Casique

Thomas Paine and the American Revolution

Thomas Paine was a colonist from England who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense during the time of the American Revolution. This publication was not only the second most read in the Colonies, but also boosted morale of society to fight for independence from England. Without the use of print media and the wise words of Thomas Paine, the outcome of the American Revolution could have been completely different.

ciara ford

The Exile of Roger Williams

The exile of Roger Williams from Puritan society was the catalyst of the first separation of church and state debates in the United States. Originally arriving to Boston and serving as a religious leader in Massachusetts, Williams was exiled for primarily religious reasons. Shortly afterward, he founded what would become the state of Rhode Island which became a refuge for those exiled from Puritan society, including the likes of famed activist and fellow outlaw Anne Hutchinson.  Rhode Island was founded with the intention that it would be a refuge from judgmental Puritan society, a place of peace between all people, and a place where personal religious practices and state agendas would be kept separate. In this way, Rhode Island's state motto, "Hope", represents its founding perfectly. 

Sharayah Davis

Indian Dress in Early America

This collection displays a variety of ceremonial dress used by indigenous people in North America before 1830. Through these objects and primary documents, we see that not only are North American Indians diverse and well-adapted to their particular environments, but that European-descended collectors admired the skill of Indian artisans even as they sought to displace them.

Women are not often discussed as part of the diplomatic and political worlds of Native America, and far fewer images of Native women exist, but in fact these materials show that women served as key players in helping Native peoples and Europeans understand one another. Through their labor sewing, tanning hides, and cutting cloth, Native women helped societies and cultures survive colonialism. 

Jessica Taylor

Glassware of The 18th Century

This collection represents the material culture of glassware made throughout 18th century. The 18th century started in 1701 and ended in 1800. During this time period in Colonial America, the Enlightenment Era commenced, starting an intellectual and philosophical movement that promoted questioning traditional authority and researching mechanisms to improve humanity through rational change. The American Revolution was directly inspired by Enlightenment ideals and marked the climax of its influence and the beginning of its downfall. Many innovative inventions and different types of glassware came about, introducing new ways to improve the quality of life and bring about some pleasing aesthetics for homes and facilities. Advances in glassware called for the advancement in many aspects of life, such as health, home goods and artistic ability. 

This collection is designed to demonstrate some of the different types of glassware and its purpose that were made throughout the 18th century. Some of the following items reflect on different aspects of Enlightenment ideals during this time period as well. As you browse through the collection, you will first look at glassware that would be used typically around the house to help make life more convenient and flows into items of glassware that demonstrates the advancement of medicine possible during the Enlightenment Era. 


Jada Bingham

The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears of 1830 was a series of forced relocation done by Andrew Jackson's "Indian Removal" policy. Prior to the removal , 125,000 Native Americans lived in Georgia , Tennessee , Alabama , North Carolina , and Florida occupying the land that their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations. Sadly , Native Americans faced discrimination from White Americans , because Native Americans seemed to be unfamiliar , alien people who occupied land they felt they deserved. The presumed solution to this "problem" was "civilizing" Native Americans. Civilization consisted of encouraging them to converting to Christianity , learning to speak and read English , and adopting European styles of ownership.

 Following this motion , there were The Five Civilized Tribes that consisted of Choctaw , Chickasaw , Seminole , Creek , and Cherokee who embraced these customs. Unfortunately , no matter how "civilized" Native Americans were whites wanted the land and would do anything to get it. e.g. stealing livestock , burning homes and towns , and squatting on land that land that did not belong to them. Later on , cases aroused stripping Native Americans from their rights and violating their territory e.g. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia(1831) and Worcester v. Georgia(1832). Although laws were passed , they were often overlooked by President Jackson and by 1840 , tens of thousands of Native suffered from whooping cough , typhus , dysentery , cholera , and starvation or were driven off their land by the federal government.

The below items include the paper , and canvas collections of The Trail of Tears; the additional items are supporting Cherokee artifacts. 

The Map of Removal

President Andrew Jackson

The Orders No. 35 


The Land of Beulah (Cherokee Hymn)

The Treaty of Turkeytown

Trail of Tears Symbol

 Historical Markers



Trail Marker Trees


Authentic Wagon

Jazmin Warren

American Children's Relics of 1700-1800s

This collection showcases furniture, clothing, paintings, etc. that represent the American children of the 1700-1800s. This period exhibits the transition time between being considered a 2nd class citizen living in a British colony to learning what it means to be an American. The American Revolution lasted from 1775 to 1783 ultimately ending in a victory for the patriots. With the war won and independence gained, America took her first steps into a journey of discovery. 

The first object in this collection starts from the beginning (or a little before) the Revolution and the last items is documented around 1859, well into American culture growing and forming into it's own. Specifically, the items here focus on the lives of the children of this historic moment that may not even understand the revolution going on around them. The objects reflect British influence and American pioneering. These relic grasp the material culture of the first generation of children that were born "Americans."

Heidi Chong

Women in the Civil War

The Civil War was a war in the United States from April 12, 1861 until May 13, 1865. It was between North and South over issues on slavery. Women played significant roles throughout the war as nurses, as spies, as clothes washers and menders, and as encouragers to the soldiers. Many women from the North and South disguised themselves as men and fought. Other women took on roles at home to run their households as their husbands were off at war. Often times women are overlooked when analyzing the Civil War, however without woman's help the soldiers would not have been able to make it through the war. 


Kaylyn Beverly

Weapons of War (1600-1800)

Weapons that were used during the 1600 till early 1800 were mostly muskets, rifles, pistols, and swords. Muskets were used by infantry men, rifles by hunters, and pistols and swords by high ranking officers. Muskets were slow and difficult to load. Depending on the man, it took about 30 seconds to load a musket. Experienced shooters could fire 3 shots in a minute. Rifles were even slower, but the accuracy made for the lack of firing rate. Muskets were muzzle loaded, which means that the powder and bullet were poured into the barrel. Rifles and pistols, on the other hand, were flintlocked. That means those guns were ignited by flint and steel. Guns, obviously, were used for long range battles or fights. That leaves us with the melee battles or fights. Swords were used for this type of battle. Most swords were double edged, which means that it could be used on both sides. Those swords that were not double edged were known as sabers.

Bigger weapons that were used in war were pikes and cannons. Pikes were very long spears that could exceed 22 feet. They were not used for throwing, instead, it was used defensively to protect infantry men. The cannon, another defensive weapon, was used to protect troops when preparing to deploy and/or advancing in the field. The cannon could throw 4 to 12 pound cast iron balls that reached 600 to 1800 yards.

Websites Used:

Colonial Williamsburg Online Collection

The Lesson Locker

Rob Ossian's Pirate's Cove

Kevin Baez

The Revolutionary Effects of Print from the 1600's and On

As colonies in the New World began to grow into communities, communication became a key role in their continued development. Prior to the printing press being introduced in the New World, European presses played a huge role in relaying the settlers' experiences when they reached the New World. The introduction of the printing press in colonial America continued to have a lasting impression on the way they communicated then, and the way we study history now.

In the mid-1600's the first printing press made its debut in Northern colonies, assuming a role intended for textbooks, assignments, etc for Harvard University. The role of the printing press soon expanded to include sermons, news, experiments, and even bills. The printing press proved it's importance through the 1800's and beyond, finding new and important ways to spread ideas and movements through colonial America, impacting the world as we know it today. 

Megan Hartman

Alcohol in the 18th Century

The 18th Century was a defining moment for American Culture. Revolutions, Wars, Rebellions are mostly what people know from this time in history.  But what about the simplest of things? Alcohol was an every day beverage to soldiers, presidents, common folk, and even doctors! The 18th Century was a changing time for whiskey, rum, cider, and wine. Alcohol had its many uses in the 18th Century, whether that were medicinal, or simple pleasure. It defined and constructed social classes, with certain beverages being accessible to certain people- the wealthy, or the poor. Society placed restrictions on alcohol throughout history, but alcohol has always prevailed. People drunk alcohol every day, all day for whatever occasion.

Magdalena Villordo

Japanese American Incarceration: Camp Objects

This topical collection includes objects used by inmates in Japanese American Incarceration camps.  It is one in a series of collections, each containing different types of resources, about the Japanese American Incarceration; see also Japanese American Incarceration: Images of Camp LifeJapanese Incarceration: Publications, Letters, and Other Documents, and Japanese American Incarceration: Articles and Videos about Inmate Experiences.

In February 1942, following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 and authorized the imprisonment of approximately 75,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry and 45,000 Japanese nationals in incarceration camps.  This order was not rescinded until 1945.

Teachers and students may use this collection as a springboard for classroom discussion; for example, what types of objects inmates created during their incarceration and why they created these objects. This collection is not comprehensive but rather provides a launching point for research and study.

This Smithsonian Learning Lab collection received Federal support from the Asian Pacific American Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center.

Keywords: internment camp, world war ii, ww2, wwii, gaman


Tess Porter

Japanese American Incarceration: Publications, Letters, and Other Documents

This topical collection includes yearbooks, magazines, letters, official announcements, and other important documents from the Japanese American Incarceration era.  It is one in a series of collections, each containing different types of resources, about the Japanese American Incarceration; see also Japanese American Incarceration: Images of Camp Life, Japanese American Incarceration: Camp Objects, and Japanese American Incarceration: Articles and Videos about Inmate Experiences.

In February 1942, following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 and authorized the imprisonment of approximately 75,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry and 45,000 Japanese nationals in incarceration camps.  This order was not rescinded until 1945.

Teachers and students may use this collection as a springboard for classroom discussion; for example, what documents reveal about the restrictions placed on Japanese American families while they were incarcerated. This collection is not comprehensive but rather provides a launching point for research and study.

This Smithsonian Learning Lab collection received Federal support from the Asian Pacific American Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center.

Keywords: internment camp, world war ii, ww2, wwii, rohwer center high school yearbook, magazine, newsletter, isamu noguchi, calendar

Tess Porter
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