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Found 3,716,067 Resources

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Children's World, 1875-1950" Exhibition

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Division of Costume and Furnishings.

Featuring toys from The Sears, Roebuck and Co. Collection of American Toys, at the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History.

"A Cornish fisherman. Del 1-20-10 A.L.S." (on envelope). E-60 : stereoscopic interpositive

Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Same as RSN 8769

Currently stored in box 1.2.20 [10], moved from [13].

"A Daughter of the Desert" Copyright 01 JUN 1904

National Anthropological Archives
Portrait of young woman wearing blanket.

"A Foretaste of the Exhibitions Being Created for the National Air and Space Museum" Exhibit Case

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by National Air and Space Museum.

Preview of future National Air and Space Museum exhibitions. Exhibit case located in the Smithsonian Institution Building, or Castle.

"A Foretaste of the Exhibitions Being Created for the National Air and Space Museum" Exhibit Case

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by National Air and Space Museum.

Preview of future National Air and Space Museum exhibitions. Exhibit case located in the Smithsonian Institution Building, or Castle.

"A Hamlet on the Hardanger Fjord, Western Norway. Copyright 1898 by R. Y. Young." [on negative] 24647 Photonegative 1898

Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Currently stored in box 3.1.61 [125], moved from [115].

"A Hopi Indian" Copyright 19 DEC 1906

National Anthropological Archives
Portrait of man wearing shell and turquois necklaces and earrings.

"A Hopi Man" / "Moki Man" Copyright 12 NOV 1904

National Anthropological Archives
Portrait of Hopi man wearing blanket.

"A Hopiland Beauty" Copyright 19 DEC 1906

National Anthropological Archives
Portrait of unmarried Hopi woman.

"A Japanese Shoe Shop. Copyright 1896 by Strohmeyer & Wyman." (on negative). Caption no. 23400 : photonegative, 1896

Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Currently stored in box 3.1.56 [85]. Orig. no. 1420.

"A Kick that Didn't Miss" Mutoscope Movie Poster

National Museum of American History
Green posterboard with painted advertisement for the mutoscope motion picture "A Kick that Didn't Miss." Two attached photographs, stills from the film, show a farmer discovering and kicking a tramp underneath a tree. Mutoscope reels, by nature of their short length, often featured very simple plots explicitly revealed in the title and photographs on the poster which advertised the movies. This fact didn't seem to dissuade contemporary audiences from paying to view the features since the novelty of seeing images move was almost worth the price in itself.

The Mutoscope Collection in the National Museum of American History’s Photographic History Collection is among the most significant of its kind in any museum. Composed of 3 cameras, 13 viewers, 59 movie reels and 53 movie posters, the collection documents the early years of the most successful and influential motion picture company of the industry’s formative period. It also showcases a unique style of movie exhibition that outlasted its early competitors, existing well into the 20th century.

The American Mutoscope Company was founded in 1895 by a group of four men, Elias Koopman, Herman Casler, Henry Marvin and William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, to manufacture a motion picture viewer called the mutoscope and to produce films for exhibition. Dickson had recently left the employ of Thomas Edison, for whom he had solved the problem of “doing for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear” by inventing the modern motion picture. Casler and Dickson worked together to perfect the mutoscope, which exhibited films transferred to a series of cards mounted in the style of a flip book on a metal core, and avoided Edison’s patents with this slightly different style of exhibition. The company’s headquarters in New York City featured a rooftop studio on a turntable to ensure favorable illumination, and the short subjects made here found such success that by 1897, the Edison company’s dominance of the industry was in danger. American Mutoscope became American Mutoscope & Biograph in 1899, when the namesake projector, invented by Casler, became the most used in the industry.

Mutoscope viewers were found in many amusement areas and arcades until at least the 1960s. Their inexpensiveness and short, often comical or sensational subjects allowed the machines a far longer life than the competing Edison Kinetoscope. The company also found success in its production and projection of motion pictures, though its activity was mired by patent litigation involving Thomas Edison through the 1910s. The notable director D. W. Griffith was first hired as an actor, working with pioneering cinematographer G. W. “Billy” Bitzer, before moving behind the camera at Biograph and making 450 films for the company.

Griffith and Bitzer invented cinematographic techniques like the fade-out and iris shot, made the first film in Hollywood and launched the careers of early stars Mary Pickford and Lillian Gish. The company, simply renamed the Biograph Company in 1909, went out of business in 1928 after losing Griffith and facing a changing movie industry.

The Museum’s collection was acquired in the years between 1926 and the mid-1970s. The original mutograph camera and two later models of the camera were given to the Smithsonian in 1926 by the International Mutoscope Reel Company, which inherited Biograph’s mutoscope works and continued making the viewers and reels through the 1940s. The viewers, reels and posters in the collection were acquired for exhibition in the National Museum of American History, and were later accessioned as objects in the Photographic History Collection. Many of the mutoscope reels in the collection date to the period from 1896-1905, and show early motion picture subjects, some of which were thought to be lost films before their examination in 2008.

"A Kiss for Cinderella"

National Portrait Gallery

"A Korean Village: Its Changing Culture" Exhibit

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Department of Anthropology.

Temporary exhibit in the foyer of the National Museum of Natural History.

"A Korean Village: Its Changing Culture" Exhibit

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Department of Anthropology.

Temporary exhibit in the foyer of the National Museum of Natural History.

"A Korean Village: Its Changing Culture" Exhibit

Smithsonian Institution Archives
Requested from Photographic Services Division by Department of Anthropology.

Temporary exhibit in the foyer of the National Museum of Natural History.

"A La Grande Fete Aerienne"

National Air and Space Museum
A LA GRANDE FÊTE AÉRIENNE. Framed multicolor illustrated print promoting the Société de Propagande Aèrienne and an air festival. Illustration on a white background of an orange stunt plane, its wings arranged diagonally across the poster with a solid blue background and two solid white clouds. A more distant plane flys in the upper right. Below the S.P.Aé logo of wings and a roundel with an Indian chief's profile, full text in orange and red sans-serif lettering: "LA SOCIÉTÉ DE PROPAGANDE AÈRIENNE Présente Ses pilotes Ses avions A LA GRANDE FÊTE AÉRIENNE." Artist signature in upper right: Lucien Cavé. Text along the lower left border: "Editions LUCIEN CAVÉ."

Fly Now: The National Air and Space Museum Poster Collection

Throughout their history, posters have been a significant means of mass communication, often with striking visual effect. Wendy Wick Reaves, the Smithsonian Portrait Gallery Curator of Prints and Drawings, comments that "sometimes a pictorial poster is a decorative masterpiece-something I can't walk by without a jolt of aesthetic pleasure. Another might strike me as extremely clever advertising … But collectively, these 'pictures of persuasion,' as we might call them, offer a wealth of art, history, design, and popular culture for us to understand. The poster is a familiar part of our world, and we intuitively understand its role as propaganda, promotion, announcement, or advertisement."

Reaves' observations are especially relevant for the impressive array of aviation posters in the National Air and Space Museum's 1300+ artifact collection. Quite possibly the largest publicly-held collection of its kind in the United States, the National Air and Space Museum's posters focus primarily on advertising for aviation-related products and activities. Among other areas, the collection includes 19th-century ballooning exhibition posters, early 20th-century airplane exhibition and meet posters, and twentieth-century airline advertisements.

The posters in the collection represent printing technologies that include original lithography, silkscreen, photolithography, and computer-generated imagery. The collection is significant both for its aesthetic value and because it is a unique representation of the cultural, commercial and military history of aviation. The collection represents an intense interest in flight, both public and private, during a significant period of its technological and social development.

Copyright Disclosure for Orphaned Works

Whenever possible, the museum provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in its records and other texts related to the collections. For many of the images in this collection, some of which were created for or by corporate entities that no longer exist, the museum does not own any copyrights. Therefore, it generally does not grant or deny permission to copy, distribute or otherwise use material in this collection. If identified, permission and possible fees may be required from the copyright owner independently of the museum. It is the user's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when copying, distributing or otherwise using materials found in the museum's collections. Transmission or reproduction of protected materials beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Users must make their own assessments of rights in light of their intended use.

If you have any more information about an item you've seen in the Fly Now: The National Air and Space Museum Poster Collection, or if you are a copyright owner and believe we have not properly attributed your work to you or have used it without permission, we want to hear from you. Please contact pisanod@si.edu with your contact information and a link to the relevant content.

View more information about the Smithsonian's general copyright policies at http://www.si.edu/termsofuse
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