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"Y soy Iianero" by Grupo Cimarrón from Sí, soy llanero: Joropo Music from the Orinoco Plains of Colombia

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
The lively sounds of traditional joropo music can be found throughout the plains of Colombia and Venezuela. Created by ranching people with a love of cattle, horses, music, and dance, the joropo's driving rhythm and percussive stringed instrument sound draw from centuries-old Spanish, African, and New World musical traditions that contributed to the region's unique mestizo (mixed) culture. The music reflects the pride the plains people have in their history and culture. Here, Grupo Cimarrón, a "supergroup" of Colombia's finest joropo musicians, perform "Y soy llanero" (And I Am a Plainsman), a song that extols and romanticizes the plains and its cattle ranchers.

"Zoe" by Tony Trischka from Territory

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
The banjo in American music was traditionally associated with bluegrass and old-time until the early 1970s when Tony Trischka spearheaded a movement to innovate the sound. In his hands, the banjo became a vehicle for greater melodic and harmonic sophistication. Through Trischka, the instrument found its way into many different musical forms from jazz to rock to classical. In his 35 year career Trischka has performed extensively in the USA and Europe as well as touring Australia, South Korea, Japan and New Zealand. He was awarded Banjo Player of the Year in 2007 by the International Bluegrass Music Association.

"Zumbaquezumba" by Grupo Cimarrón and Carlos Quintero at 2005 Smithsonian Folklife Festival

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
The joropo has two veins: the hard driving golpe, and the slower, more lyrical pasaje. Golpe (from golpear "to hit, to strike") refers to the percussive, strummed cuatro patterns. There are at least eighteen common types of golpe, each with its own name and distinctive sound. Golpes are played by instruments alone, or include singing. Widely dispersed throughout the Colombo-Venezuelan plains, the zumbaquezumba is the favorite golpe for dueling verse improvisation, popular at plains fiestas, festival competitions, and shows.

"Ódiame" by Los Tres Reyes from Romancing the Past

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Los Tres Reyes, called the last great Mexican trío romántico, performs “Ódiame.” Gilberto Puente’s arrangement of this Peruvian waltz for the requinto has become a signature of the style he created.

'Pardon This Interruption�_�Columbus Has Landed!!!'

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson in which students create a public service announcement using the theme of colliding cultures in North America.

1812 Lesson Plans

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Four lessons in which students use critical thinking skills to examine, analyze, and compare/contrast artworks to better understand the events of the War of 1812. Lessons include a historical research project that has students create a textbook entry to demonstrate their understanding.

1812: A Nation Emerges

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Online exhibition on an epic scale. Portraits and biographies of the war's leading players (and the leading opponents of the war) add up to a complex national portrait. The cast includes former president Thomas Jefferson, future presidents Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison, Shawnee leader Tecumseh, first lady of first ladies Dolley Madison, and the pirate Jean Laffite.

1846: Portrait of the Nation

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Website looking back at the important historical events of 1846, the year the Smithsonian was founded. Selected paintings provide visual context for major historical events.

3-2-1 Bridge: Project Zero Visible Thinking Routine

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
A Project Zero "Visible Thinking" routine for activating prior knowledge and making connections. This routine asks students to uncover their initial thoughts, ideas, questions, and understandings about a topic and then to connect these to new thinking about the topic after they have received some instruction. The framework asks students to write down 3 thoughts/ideas, 2 questions, and 1 analogy both before and after learning about a topic; then, the framework asks students to explain: “How do your new responses connect to your initial responses?”

3-2-1 BRIDGE

A routine for activating prior knowledge and making connections

Write an initial 3-2-1 set of responses to the topic, then, after studying the topic further, write a new 3-2-1 set of responses:

3 Thoughts/Ideas

2 Questions

1 Analogy

Bridge: Explain how your new responses connect to your initial responses.

Purpose: What kind of thinking does this routine encourage?

This routine asks students to uncover their initial thoughts, ideas, questions, and understandings about a topic and then to connect these to new thinking about the topic after they have received some instruction.

Application: When and where can it be used?

Use this routine when students are developing understanding of a concept over time. It may be a concept that they know a lot about in one context but instruction will soon focus in a new direction, or it may be a concept about which students have only informal knowledge. Whenever new information is gained, bridges can be built between new ideas and prior understanding. Focus is on understanding and connecting one’s thinking, rather than pushing it toward a specific outcome.

Launch: What are some tips for starting and using this routine?

Have students do an initial 3, 2, 1 individually on paper; for instance, if the topic is “democracy,” then students would write down 3 thoughts, 2 questions, and 1 analogy about that topic. Students might then read an article, watch a video, or engage in an activity having to do with democracy. Provocative experiences that push students thinking in new directions are best. After the experience, students complete another 3, 2, 1. Have students share their initial and new thinking, explaining to their partners how and why their thinking shifted. Make it clear to students that their initial thinking is not right or wrong, it is just a starting point, and that new experiences take our thinking in new directions.

3D Collection

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
3D image collection of fossils, artifacts, primates, and other animals. Allows for close examination of objects from the David H. Koch Hall of Human Origins.

60-30-10

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson in which students investigate how designers use percentages by designing and decorating a room using three different color ratios.

A Brush with History

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Website presenting portraits and biographies from the 1720s to the early 1990s, organized by time period, of men and women who have made significant contributions to the history of the United States. Includes an interactive quiz and teacher resources.

A Brush with History Teaching Guide

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson plans providing an in-depth exploration of selected historical figures and their contributions to the history of the United States. The guide is organized by thematic unit: from revolution to constitution, those inventive Americans, and abolition and the Civil War. Each unit contains background information about the individuals and their portraits, related questions and activities, a bibliography, and a reproduction of each portrait.

A Closer Look at Conservation: Chinese Commemorative Portraits

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Website presenting step-by-step descriptions of the process of restoring and conserving several Chinese portraits before exhibition.

A Concrete Vision: Oshogbo Art in the 1960s

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
This online exhibition features works by visual artists from the earliest days of the Oshogbo school in Yoruba, Nigeria. Oshogbo artists drew on traditional ideas to create new forms.

A Contouring We Go

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson has students construct contour equipment and learn the mathematics behind topography while using the equipment, then compare their results with professional topographical maps.

A Critical Bibliography on North American Indians, for K-12

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Resource list on North American Indians organized by culture area and tribe and further divided into nonfiction and fiction, biographies, and traditional stories. Includes an introduction, preface, and foreword by Native American educators. Provides questions for critically evaluating different perspectives of history.

A Day in the Life of a Kurdish Kid

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
The lesson will introduce children and their teachers to the Kurdish people and their history and culture by leading them on a Kurdish experience full of singing and dancing.

A Durable Memento: Portraits by Augustus Washington, African American Daguerreotypist

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Lesson plan exploring the career of Augustus Washington, an African American daguerreotypist, as well as the history of abolitionism in the United States.

A Durable Memento: Portraits by Augustus Washington, African American Daguerreotypist

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Online exhibition exploring the career of African American daguerreotypist Augustus Washington, in both the United States and Africa. Includes corresponding lesson plans, his daguerreotypes, and a biography.

A Family Visit to the Smithsonian

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Interactive site featuring one family's week-long experience visiting museums and exhibits. Features the family's journal entries and activities they created to help make the most of a visit to Washington, D.C.

A Gem of a Story

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
A live, interactive, televised electronic field trip to the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, Gems, and Minerals at the National Museum of Natural History. Requires purchase of log-in. Includes webisodes, a website with activities, lessons for the classroom, and a live broadcast on location at the Nation Museum of Natural History.

A Grain of Sand: Music for the Struggle by Asians in America

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Spring 2011: Asian American Music

A Green City: Past, Present and Future

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access
Teacher-created lesson in which students look at the history of city development and city planning as they consider ideas for the future of urban transportation.
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