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Observations on an Aurora Borealis

Smithsonian Archives - History Div
After he was appointed Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Joseph Henry's first major project was to create the Smithsonian Meteorological Project by using a countrywide network of voluntary observers to record climate information and send it to the Smithsonian via the growing telegraph network. The Smithsonian Meteorological Project existed from 1846-1870 and led to the founding of the National Weather Service.

Observations taken from 9 p.m. August 3th to 2 a.m. August 9, 1872 in Holt County, Missouri, of an aurora. Detailed, timed observations on a single sized document in purple ink.

Badge, Observer, Royal Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Royal Air Force Observer's badge; white embroided half-wing and "O" on black felt.

Badge, Pilot/Observer, Luftwaffe

National Air and Space Museum
Luftwaffe Pilot/Observer's badge; Luftwaffe eagle with swastika in talons surrounded by gold colored wreath.

Badge, Observer, Royal Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Royal Navy Observer's summer badge; blue embroidered wings with anchor in center "O"; Tudor (King's) crown, surmounts "O".

Button, Air Observer School #6

National Air and Space Museum
Air Observer School #6 brass uniform button; raised letter "A.O.S. 6" in center of button.

Badge, Observer, United States Navy

National Air and Space Museum
United States Naval Aviation Observer Badge; one piece stamped gold wings with relief of an anchor depicted in center of badge; clutch back; regulation size for wear on uniform coat.

Badge, Observer, Uruguay Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Gold Uruguayan Air Force observer's half wing with Uruguayian coat of arms; pin back.

Badge, Observer, Royal Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Royal Navy Other Ratings Observer's badge; red embroidered wings with anchor in center of badge; Tudor (King's) crown embroidered in red surmounts badge.

Badge, Observer, Swiss Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Swiss Air Force Observer's badge; one piece stamped brass wings with five point star in center of badge.

Badge, Pilot/Observer, Luftwaffe

National Air and Space Museum
Luftwaffe Pilot/Observer's badge; Luftwaffe eagle with swastika in talons surrounded by silver wreath.

Badge, Observer, United States Navy

National Air and Space Museum
United States Naval Aviation Observer Badge; one piece stamped gold wings with relief of an anchor depicted in center of badge; clutch back; regulation size for wear on uniform coat.

Badge, Observer, United States Navy

National Air and Space Museum
United States Naval Aviation Observer Badge; one piece stamped gold wings with relief of an anchor depicted in center of badge; clutch back; regulation size for wear on uniform coat.

Badge, Observer, Royal Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Royal Air Force Observer's badge; white embroided half-wing and "O" on black felt.

Badge, Naval Observer, Uruguay Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Gold Uruguayan Navy observer's half-wings with anchor and rope on green enamel disc.

Badge, Observer, Uruguay Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Silver Uruguayan Air Force observer's half wing with Uruguayian coat of arms; pin back.

Badge, Observer, Royal Australian Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Gold Royal Australian Navy observer's wings; "O," wreath, and anchor depicted in center of badge surmounted by St. Edward's (Queen's) crown; clutch pin back.

Badge, Observer, Royal Australian Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Miniature gold Royal Australian Navy observer's wings; "O," wreath, and anchor depicted in center of badge surmounted St. Edward's (Queen's) crown; clutch pin back.

Badge, Observer, United States Navy

National Air and Space Museum
United States Navy Observer's badage; one piece stamped silver half-wing with anchor and shield; clutch pin back.

Badge, Observer, Royal Navy

National Air and Space Museum
Royal Navy Observer's winter wings; red embroidered wings with anchor in "O" in center of badge on black felt; Tudor (King's) crown, surmounts "O".

Badge, Observer, Slovakian Army

National Air and Space Museum
Slovakian Army Observer's badge; silver wire wings with gold wire wreath and sword on black felt.

Button, Air Observer School #6

National Air and Space Museum
Air Observer School #6 brass uniform button; raised letter "AOS 6" in center of button.

Badge, Observer, United States Navy

National Air and Space Museum
United States Navy Observer's badge; one piece stamped gold half-wing with anchor and shield; clutch pin back.

Badge, Observer, Polish Air Force

National Air and Space Museum
Polish Air Force observer's wings; silver eagle holding green enamel wreath in beak and 3 lightning bolts depicted; chain hanger.
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