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Found 6,072 Collections



Patrick Whartenby


The 1920's had a huge impact on American culture and the way American's lived their daily lives. The beginning of the twenties was the end of World War I but also started prohibition. Although prohibition didn't last the full decade it led to new ways of living. Secret bars were created and bootleggers sold alcohol illegally. This caused organized crime and for groups to be territorial of their area. Throughout the era you see new inventions and fashion styles from out of the norm. Cars made life easier for everyone and created suburbs because people didn't have to live right next to their work. Flappers shocked the country with their short hair, dark makeup, and loose/short dresses. Child labor decreased because education was their priority which also made more teaching jobs.

ashley rose


The following artifacts represent the 1920's in many ways. The prosperous time in which many advancements were made in both economic and social aspects. The 1920's were a prosperous time with many benefits. Although some of these led to catastrophes later on. 

krishna agrawal

1920 technology

Melina Taylor

1920 technology

Chloe Schoeneweis

1920 fashion

Emily Stanko

1920 entertainment

Michael Stiffler

1920 Entertainment

Cameron Miller

1920 and 1930s Artifacts

The purpose: To cite and explain artifacts from the era, and to show our understanding of this time.

Maxwell Lashkari


how's world in 1905 looks like
jackie li


jq li

18th Century Vanity in America

This collection moves through the products and ideas that shaped beauty standards in  18th century America. Vanity was just as important for men and women in the 18th century as it is today. Early Americans were greatly influenced by Europe, whether that be religious ideas, architecture, fashion, alcohol, or weapons. One shared idea was beauty standards. In the 18th century Americas views on luxury goods came directly from England and France especially fashion and cosmetics. I have collected ten images showing the use of beauty products used through out the 18th century. 

Kaila Smith

18th Century American Identity and the Common Man

This collection includes resources that help students to draw conclusions about the "common man" and determine how American identity changed during the mid-18th Century United States. The lesson is centered around "Independence" and supporting documents include "Daniel la Motta", "Self Reliance", and Turner's Frontier Thesis. To see full lesson plan, click on "collection info".
Julie Thoma

18th & 19th century: Slavery in the American South

Upon arriving in America, families taken from Africa were separated and stripped of their identities. Slaves were now identified as their owner's property and forced to work in extreme conditions. Women took on roles outside of field labor, helping caretake and mother the children of their master's instead of their own. After, the decline of tobacco, the invention of the cotton gin helped to increase the production of cotton, making slaves more valuable to southern colonists. However, in the late 18th century, the abolitionist movement began in the North; this became the start of a divide between the North and South. The North had transitioned industrially and had withdrawn from the institution of slavery while the South continued to thrive and profit from it.

By 1840, Southern slaves were growing most of the world's cotton. However, most if not all slaves hated their living conditions becoming increasingly rebellious by working slowly or escaping North. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 also known as the Compromise of 1850, soon came into effect after slaves began to flee from the South to the North successfully. The law required the government to return fugitive slaves who escaped from their Southern owner's. This legislation further carried the conversation of the morality of slavery. Northern abolitionists continued to fight for the freedom of slaves further increasing animosity with the less progressive South. Shortly after, the Civil War would take place, denouncing the practice of slavery forever. Slavery is an inhumane system that exploited human beings and destroyed their identity.  This exhibit contains images and objects pertaining to this period of slavery in the American South.


1. Dattel, E. R. (2008, June). Cotton and the Civil War . Retrieved from http://mshistorynow.mdah.state...

2. Social Welfare History Project (2011). Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved from http://socialwelfare.library.v...

3. Abolitionist Movement. (2009). Retrieved from

Subria Rivers

1890 and 2000

Dylan Stein

1875 Civil Rights Movement

This Collection has some of the minor and major things that had to do with the 1875 Civil Rights Movement. It was big part of the Reconstruction Era, although failed to succeed as an effective "constitutional" law until 1964. So what do you do if your nation just fought and killed off over half a million soldiers of their own and demolished each other as best as they could which almost cause the whole nation to split into two different counties, along side that the President was recently assassinated? Easy. Well you try and fix it. The diverse difference in belief of rights between the union and confederate states made it a difficult adjustment to unite as one nation without more conflict after the Civil War. After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, Vice President Andrew Johnson took over. Although Johnson was a southerner himself and was a racist bastard, he attempted to reconstruct the south and build “equal” AGAIN I SAY EQUAL rights for blacks. By that I mean putting only white people in the “reconstructed” governments. He gave no land to the black people, and lacked on protecting and proceeding their civil right laws. Anyways.. There was obviously a lot of conflict between the two races over land and just straight up discrimination all over the place. In response to this they tried to reconstruct a civil rights act multiple times, which leads me to the Civil Rights Act of 1875.  The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was signed by President Ulysses S. Grant to protect all citizens and their civil and legal rights, which outlawed segregation by giving everyone equal access to public places. Grant signed it as a federal law. If you did not obey this law, the consequences varied from being put in jail for 30 days or paying a fine of $500-$1000 dollars while being trailed at the Supreme Court. It was an extremely controversial topic. The Southern states did not obeyed by it. When the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was passed was believed to be supported under the 13th and 14th Amendments. (13th Amendment- prohibits slavery, 14th Amendment- all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American including African Americans). Pretty much the law just fell apart over time. It was declared by the Supreme Court unconstitutional in 1883. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last attempt of the government to create a successful Civil Rights Movement until the year of 1965. 

Ashley Lazaro

1866 Civil Rights Act

cashley poncher

1812: A Nation Emerges

The War of 1812 was a military conflict that forged America's destiny to emerge as a strong nation. The war lasted less than two years but it was celebrated as the, "second war of independence" from Great Britain.
Linda Muller

17th Century Virginian Culture

The Seventeenth century began in 1607 and ended in 1776. This colonial period marked a very significant event in the US with the founding of the first English settlers at Jamestown. The seventeenth century ended with the establishment of the commonwealth of Virginia.  It really made a significant impact of the base of early American culture.  This time period saw the beginning of early colonization and the beginning of mainstream things that are modified and used later. 

During this time period, Virigians were very well rooted in enjoying a nice and lively cultural life. In which, this lively cultural life paved the way for early development of the United States.  The following items in this collection represent the lively culture of the Virginians during the 17th century. The collection touches on the the entertainment culture religion , and personal items that were used during this time period that symbolizes early Virginian culture.

lauryn dunmyer

17th Century Fashion and Trends

Colonial America was characterized by intensely detailed and heavy clothing. Details were emphasized greatly on clothing because it displayed elegance and power. Detailed clothes were worn by the wealthy upper class group due to how expensive it was to get them.  Some of the most important pieces included big gowns, big hair, ruffled collars, heavy jewelry and corsets to shape women's waist. Men also styled ruffled collars, fancy hats, and working shoes. Class separated high end fashion from common fashion. Most of the items displayed below were made for the middle to upper class group.

Ailyn Castillo

17th Century Fashion and Trends

Colonial America was characterized by intensely detailed and heavy clothing. Details were emphasized greatly on clothing because it displayed elegance and power. Detailed clothes were worn by the wealthy upper class group due to how expensive it was to get them.  Some of the most important pieces included big gowns, big hair, ruffled collars, heavy jewelry and corsets to shape women's waist. Men also styled ruffled collars, fancy hats, and working shoes. Most of the items displayed below were made for the middle to upper class group.

Ailyn Castillo

1692 Salem Witch Trials

*Timeline for The Salem Witch Trials*

In the late 17th century Salem was divided into two; Salem Village and Salem town. In Salem town one could find the economically wealthy families. In the other hand, Salem village was divided between two families, Putnam's and Porters, as well of including imagination, fear, and hysteria of the people one can imply was the main cause of the Salem witch Trials.

In the Salem witch trials more than 200 people were accused for practicing witchcraft but 20 were actually executed. Eventually, everything came to an end right after the governor's wife getting accused of witchcraft and ordering for the trials to be terminated. Following with the apologizes and compensation.

This collection includes pictures of the prime people involved in the Salem Witch Trials and paintings demonstrating the hangings and accusations. Also I included my personal opinion towards the key characters of the Salem Witch trials and my perspective of the reasoning behind their actions.

Fernanda Vasquez

15th Amendments

Allowing any citizen the right to vote no matter race or color of skin.

Jeremiah Fontenot

13 Revolutions

"The Revolution was in the Minds and Hearts of the People," John Adams wrote on 13 Feb. 1818. The colonists' drive to independence marked a new era of American history, Adams thought, when "Thirteen Clocks were made to Strike together; a perfection of Mechanism which no Artist had ever before effected."

So how did people experience the American Revolution?

1. Take a look at the material culture and manuscript resources shown below. Using 3-5 items ONLY, write a SHORT recap (1 paragraph) of the Revolution's rise and progress, ca. 1760s-1780s.

2. Then, nominate 1 MORE Smithsonian item to join this gallery. Choose any artifact/manuscript that you think we MUST see in order to understand vast early America's revolutionary culture--and tell us WHY.

As you build your history, which episodes and people come to the fore? How does the big picture change?
Sara Georgini
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