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Found 6,093 Collections


The Psychology of Long Term Space Flight Music, Art and Creature Comforts

If you've ever taken a long trip, you know that bringing your favorite things along will help get you through the journey. The same goes for astronauts in space. Music and the arts entertain them and give them a chance to break away from their demanding schedules. In this episode of STEM in 30, we'll dive into how music, art, and creature comforts helps astronauts cope with long-term space travel.

Novermber 1, 2017

STEM in 30 at National Air and Space Museum

The Pullman Porters and the Railcar: Nexuses of the Great Migration

The Pullman Porters and the railcar were carriers of hope during the era known as the Great Migration. Pullman Porters were employed by George Pullman who created the nation’s first luxury railcar and made his home in Chicago, Illinois. During the Great Migration, hundreds of thousands of African Americans sought greater employment and housing opportunities in northern cities like Chicago, Pittsburgh, and New York. They traveled to the North primarily on railcars though segregated from white passengers and in less comfortable conditions. The Pullman Porters were pillars in the Black community and made positive impacts on African American migrants, entrepreneurs, and social causes effecting the Black community.  

This collection displays the story of the Pullman Porters and demonstrates the railcar as a nexus of the Great Migration. A restored Pullman Palace railcar, Southern Railway No. 1200, is now housed at the National Museum of African American History and Culture. 

Keywords: Pullman Porters, George Pullman, Railcars, The Great Migration, NMAAHC, African American History, American History

Le'Passion Darby

The Puritans way of Punishment,Life, and Attire

     Puritans liked wearing simple plain attire notably recognized as black clothing."'The enduring image of Puritans depicts them clad in sober black, but that stereotype is incorrect. Black was actually an immodestly expensive color."" Yes Puritans all dressing in black was a myth most puritans would wear a mix of several other colors excluding black.The Puritans however dressed differently based on their class which explains why some would be able to afford black clothing, Women and Men would often wear headgear such as a hat. Their attire would vary depending on the climate or occasion. Men were often controlling their women most Puritan women would bear multiple children at a fairly young age.  Puritans often abided by their beliefs when a woman cheated they would be punished by the entire community which could be either deadly or quick punishments were always harsh. Religion was the Puritans way of life which they followed to its full extent during colonial times. "Married women were not allowed to possess property, sign contracts, or conduct business." Men were the pinnacle of Puritan society while women were considered lower then them."Women found guilty of immodest dress could be stripped to the waist and whipped until their backs were bloody (would that not expose their bodies?). Public humiliation could include confessing one’s sins in front of the whole church congregation." Punishment was a huge part of the puritans way of dealing with what they considered unlawful they took attire very seriously.""Shaping the child was very important; if not started early, they would be hopeless."" Puritans would mold their children into the ideal person they would want them to be.""Threatened, scared by parents-about hell and eternal punishments of the soul."" Puritan Parents were manipulative to their children to get them to abide by all rules set by themselves today this would be seen as psychological abuse. The following Pictures shown in this collection sets an example of how the puritans carried on punishments, how they lived amongst another and dressed during the time of the Smithsonian period .


John Oduor

The Race to Space: Understanding the Cold War Context of the Apollo 11 Mission

By using this collection, learners will . . .

  • Use primary sources to understand a range of perspectives on the Space Race.
  • Understand why the United States was concerned about the Soviet space program.
  • Be able to analyze the Cold War era context of the Space Race and draw their own conclusions about the success of the Space Race.

The Railway

Media found on the National Gallery of Art

Darian Mohammed

The Ramayana

This teaching collection and student activity includes the resources necessary to teach an EDSITEment lesson on the Ramayana where students read closely to find examples of the Hindu concept of dharma.

Guiding questions are:

  • What is dharma?
  • How does the Ramayana teach dharma, one of Hinduism's most important tenants?

tags: Hinduism, Hindu, India, dharma, Ramayana, rama, epic, Vishnu

Kate Harris

The Real Story of Dorothy

Emily Scroggs

The Reasons for the Second War of American Independance

To what extent did economical, cultural, and political forces influence the development, start and continuation of The War of 1812?

Prosper Tjelmeland

The Reconstruction, Art, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Title: Reconstructing African-American Roles in Post-Civil War America.
Subject: American Literature
9-12 grades
Objectives: Using close reading of texts, themes, tying art to literature, students will consider the impact of Reconstruction on African-Americans in post-Civil War America.
Resources: art in this collection; student copies of Huck Finn; Fishkin article (in collection)
Methodology : CLAIM / SUPPORT / QUESTION METHODOLOGY (see collection)


Cynthia Storrs

The Red Scare

This collection features resources (photographs, portraits, documents, articles, and videos) about the Second Red Scare (1947-57), a period of anti-communist fear, also known as "McCarthyism," that spread through American life at the beginning of the Cold War.  Resources include key people, such as Joseph McCarthy, Edward R. Murrow, Alger Hiss, and Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, letters documenting a university's requirement that faculty affirm they were not members of the Communist Party, individuals targeted by House Un-American Activities Committee, and more.

This collection provides a launching point for further research and should not be considered comprehensive.

Keywords: communism, anti-communism, anticommunism, HUAC, HCUA, hollywood blacklist, ray cohn 

Tess Porter

The red scare

Dalton Trumbo and Dorothy Parker
Taylor K

The Reflection of Reality

Art mirrors cultural movements throughout history and sometimes causes people to feel a specific way about a certain situation. As far back as history goes, there have been artist that create pieces in order to show the world how they feel about a certain situation. Instead of doing this in basic ways like protesting or fighting, they will use their skills to show people in a more effective way. Whether it is through visual drawings, architecture, literature, or in song and dance. Some art is created to portray a message, and some art is created just to match the trend of the given time. A lot of artwork was created because there were popular things happening, not very controversial, but significant enough that people would appreciate the work.

In this collection we will be viewing pieces of art that all reflect the movements of society throughout history. We will also be looking at the reasons that these pieces were significant and why they might show us the importance of that particular event, trend, or movement. 


Kinley Baird

The relationship of fashion through time

This will show the unique and different types of fashion that different people wear according to time periods. This shows how fashion from different time periods and other countries can influence the fashion that we wear today. Many of the pictures shown contribute fashion forward styles that many people wear today. It gives an idea of how people have embraced globalization and shared and created new ideas from the old ones.

1600s fashion - 2000s fashion

Carolyn Hall

The Remains at Pompeii

This is a collection of teaching resources that could be used to support a lesson on Pompeii and Mt. Vesuvius as well as life in ancient Rome. Included are artworks picturing Pompeii, archaeological artifacts, and links to "street views" of the ruins as well as magazine articles on the topic.

Some questions to consider are:
-What can we learn about the life of ancient Romans from the ruins at Pompeii?
-What are the strengths and weaknesses of learning from archaeological ruins?
-Why have the ruins at Pompeii continued to fascinate people over time?
Kate Harris

The Renaissance of Science

How can new discoveries lead to change? This Collection features images of men whose discoveries changed human knowledge and understanding of the world in which they lived.
Linda Muller

The Renwick Gallery


The Respect of Ancient Egyptian Women and Their Role In Society Through Visual Art

I come from a family of very strong and independent women, and I was raised in a feminist household and was taught that there is power in femininity. When I began at UMASS online, I immediately chose Gender Studies as one of my concentrations as I am fascinated with woman’s evolution through time. While we are only just now on the brink of true equality, there are some examples from specific cultures in history that show the power of women. I chose to look closely at Egypt from its earliest cultures through the New Kingdom. My hope is that this collection will exemplify the power that was evident in a woman in this time period. My main sources of study were Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities, and the Smithsonian Lab.

Visual art can be an influential force. I feel that it is a direct and tangible example of how the artist sees it’s subject (person, place, object, thought or idea), and that perception is molded by culture, values, lessons, and history. Reactions to visual art can spark debate, deeper thought, an emotional response, or even desire to learn more about the culture or time period it was created. I hope what I have put together here will spark one of those things in my viewers. I really hope that it will put our view of women into perspective. We have evolved so much since this time in our thoughts of equality, worth, capability, representation and I hope to show that in following collections with examples from different cultures and time periods.

In Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities there is a section in Chapter 1 about Queen Hatshepsut and how she was viewed as a powerful and important ruling figure in a male dominated world. I think this is important to note as we don’t read very much about women figureheads during this time. She was respected, trusted, and listened to. She was valued by her people which is exemplified in her tomb. It is described in the text as, “constructed of repeated elements- colonnaded terraces with columnar porticoes…halls, and private chambers. The three terraces are connected by ramps to the cliff…These chambers are chapels to the god Amen; to the cow-headed goddess Hathor, who protects the dead; and to the queen herself…sculpture was used lavishly; there were perhaps two hundred statues in Hatshepsut’s funerary temple” (Benton 27). It bears noting the love and respect for one woman in 1458 B.C.E. Women were also praised in the form of goddesses, ruling over things such as truth, justice, order, hunt, etc.

What I have put together in this collection represents the significance of women at this point in history.    

Benton, Janetta Rebold, and Robert DiYanni. Arts and Culture: an Introduction to the Humanities. Pearson, 2014.


Dana Cox

The Results of Conspicuous Consumption

During this period most people did not have a surplus of consumer good and kept valuables to a minimum, but during the Consumer Revolution (1690-1750) the concept of conspicuous consumption became popular: in where consumers would try to display their wealth rather than just meet their minimum needs. This is important because this concept can still be seen in today's society in regards to the trends of the everyday consumer. 

tanya bedi

The Revolution Period

The American Revolution Period shows to be one of the most important time periods to relate to the modern day culture. It is a period where we seek our independence from the British parliament, we get our first U.S. president, and try to create a form of government. 

The Revolution Period begins with the end of the French and Indian War and the start of our independence from the British. The colonies set many examples of their disagreements with the British parliament like the Boston Tea Party where they rioted against the Tea Act. We can also see how after the Declaration of Independence, the colonies attempt to create their first government with the Articles of Confederation. The Revolutionary War from 1775-1781 was also an important factor because that is when Britain gave the colonies their independence. The collections ends with a broadside giving a warning to all other nations how powerful America is and a vase commemorating all of the Early American History.

Diana Llerena

The Revolutionary Effects of Print from the 1600's and On

As colonies in the New World began to grow into communities, communication became a key role in their continued development. Prior to the printing press being introduced in the New World, European presses played a huge role in relaying the settlers' experiences when they reached the New World. The introduction of the printing press in colonial America continued to have a lasting impression on the way they communicated then, and the way we study history now.

In the mid-1600's the first printing press made its debut in Northern colonies, assuming a role intended for textbooks, assignments, etc for Harvard University. The role of the printing press soon expanded to include sermons, news, experiments, and even bills. The printing press proved it's importance through the 1800's and beyond, finding new and important ways to spread ideas and movements through colonial America, impacting the world as we know it today. 

Megan Hartman

The Revolutionary War

The Revolutionary War or the American Revolution was one of the biggest turning points in world history as it marked the beginning of a world superpower. It showed the world that revolts were possible and the seemingly under powered colonists can stand up for themselves. It was a conflict that resulted from colonists realizing the conditions of their livelihood which was brought to light by the Enlightenment. A chain of laws and events would eventually lead to the colonists wanting to secede from England thus triggering the American Revolution.

The collection begins with the pamphlet Common Sense which sparked the reality of the colonists' livelihood. It'll feature prominent figures of the era such as Nathan Hale and the founding fathers in the painting of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. We will look at objects the Continental Army's men carried with them like weapons and their personal belongings in chests. Nearing the end, there will be examples of tea ceramics decorated with references to the war to celebrate it and even music. There are also postcards from the World War II era that refer to the American Revolution to show how symbolic it is to the country.

Randy Park

The Revolutionary War Era

Turning Points Review Project

Jeremy Valtairo

The Revolutionary War's Combat

During the Revolutionary War, many new weapons and battle strategies were created. The reasoning for the war was for freedom from the British. At the time the British was a powerful nation, so to have to go into war with them must have been terrifying. The colonies had to produce their own products at that time or get them from other countries, which was difficult due to the resources available and having the British attacking their ports. Many different weapons were used and new producers were formed to keep up with demands. The patriots had to use many tactics to defeat the British in battles.

The following items are examples to what was used in combat and how it started. Some of the items also reflect how journalists portrayed the battles and combat during the time. The first half of the collection is organized as actual items first with the most useful items placed first. The second half of the collection are the events during the Revolutionary War in order of date it occurred. 

Rafaan Ahsan

The Rise of the Nazi Party - Nazi Ideology

Within this collection, there are many primary sources that are representative of the rise of the Nazi party and ideology of the Nazi party as well. They aid in depicting the gain of power, how such events took place, and what previous events caused such a downfall. These photos portray both the desperation of the people in a time of struggle and the troubles people faced as the ideology of the Nazi party was underway in the country, for such ideas had a major impact on the way Germany was run.

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