Technology, despite its modesty in the seventeenth and eighteenth century, played a large role in the battle between the Native Americans and the European settlers seeking to eradicate them. The tools used for everyday tasks, as well the weaponry used for war, while less effective in comparison to that of the Europeans, are impressive in their creativity and usefulness. This collection seeks to exemplify the simplicity, yet efficiency, of the agricultural tools as well as the arms used by the Native population for protection and offense in battle.
Native American's tribes vary in culture, however many of these tools are used by numerous tribes in different locations. Natives, some nomadic and some settled, used different tools for their day to day activities such as hunting and gathering food. These tools, similar to those used today and in Europe at the time, were still sturdy, effective and efficient enough to provide for the tribe. What is often discussed is settler's possession of guns and gunpowder provided by the French and British, while the natives relied on sharp spears, bow and arrows, as well as blunt instruments that required close range to be effective. With time, through conquering lands and trading, guns slowly worked their way into the possession of the natives, however the majority remained dependent on the tools displayed below. These weapons, although less forceful, were accurate, quiet and discreet: qualities that helped Natives win many battles over the course of their feud.
1. Do you think art is universal in its qualities and nature?
2. WHY is art created?
3. Who decides what is art and what is not art?
This collection includes a series of easy-to-do book projects designed to get families talking and creating together. Any of them can be used in the classroom (English, art, social studies), as a home project, or in an informal learning setting. All books are made from a single sheet of paper.
Titles are ordered generally from most complex to least complex for topic, and include:
"Our Home" Nature Walk Album
Today I Am Here
Things That Make Me Me!
I Am A Star
At the bottom, you'll also find an interview with the creator of these design templates, book artist Sushmita Mazumdar, and a video of her reading one of her own books.
Click on any of these demos and accompanying downloadable instructions to make your own "family memory" storybook!
tags: art, crafts, crafting, how-to
This collection includes paintings of similar subjects (women) presented in both black and white and in color. The objective of this project is for students to recognize and think about the impact of color on their interpretations. Identify responses to color and think about it as one of the artist's tools for conveying meaning.
Tags: Elizabeth McCausland; Childe Hassam; Antonia de Banuelos; Angel Rodriguez-Diaz; William H. Johnson
This is a Smithsonian Learning Lab topical collection, which contains images, text, and other multimedia resources that may complement the Tween Tribune feature, Barns are painted red because of the physics of dying stars. Use these resources to introduce or augment your study of this topic. If you want to personalize this collection by changing or adding content, click the Sign Up link above to create a free account. If you are already logged in, click the copy button to initiate your own version. Learn more here.
This collection, first of all, is a work in progress and may change as time goes on. The collection includes pieces that are meant to prompt students to think how to create a "just society" and potential consequences when those ideals don't become reality. #SAAMteach
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (1932-2009) was an American politician and lawyer who served as a United States Senator from Massachusetts. Kennedy finally decided to seek the Democratic nomination in the 1980 Presidential Election by launching an unusual, insurgent campaign against the incumbent Carter, a member of his own party. On the penultimate day, Kennedy conceded the nomination and called for a more liberal party platform in what many saw as the best speech of his career.
Tags: politics, campaign, election, vote, Kennedy, 1980, Democrat, president, candidate, primary, primaries, Democratic Party, Ted Kennedy
"We Didn't Start the Fire" is a song by Billy Joel. Its lyrics include brief, rapid-fire allusions to more than 100 headline events between 1949, the year of Joel's birth, and 1989, when the song was released. This topical collection and image gallery represents references in the song. What makes these events headlines? What events does Joel leave out? How do these resources reflect the headlines, ideas, and concerns addressed by Joel?
This topical collection examines mosquito-borne illnesses from the perspectives of art, history, public health, science, and visual thinking strategies. Specifically, the Zika virus and historic malaria and yellow fever are studied through the Smithsonian's national insect collection. Includes specimens and objects related to mosquitoes, as well as artworks and articles.
The five years of the Civil War are quite rightly considered a period of ordnance and artillery experimentation, development, and transition. The work of one man led, in fact, to the casting of one of the biggest guns ever built, even to the present day--a monstrous 20-inch muzzzleloader that fired a 1000 pound solid shot
Selection of my favorite butterflies and moths (from the more than 180,000 described). The Smithsonian National Musem of Natural History's Lepidoptera Collection has 4 million specimens, occupying 30,000 drawers and 3,000 alcohol jars. The collection has the most complete representation of both larvae (123,000 specimens) and adults in the Western Hemisphere! Learn more.
This unit explores the idea that "as is painting, so is poetry." It invites students to learn to "read" art in the same way they read poetry, and likewise to imagine poetry visually. This bank of resources provides pairings of American poems and paintings.
Marquis de Lafayette, Thaddeus (Tadeusz) Kosciuszko, Bernardo de Galvez, and Wilhelm von Steuben
This topical collection of artworks is all about animals—domestic pets, and wild, untamed beasts. Horses, elephants, dinosaurs, zebras, pandas...cats, hogs, frogs, dogs, lions, tigers, and bears; fish and fowl, monkeys that howl - you'll find all of them here. This collections was originally used in a collage art activity (printed out; using paper, glue, and art materials), and as a discussion prompt in an informal learning activity with a group of teens with cognitive disabilities during a summer camp program. Other suggested uses beyond collage and discussion prompts would be a writing exercise, "Which animals have you seen before and where did you see them? If you could have any one of these animals as a pet, which would you choose and why?" Use the visible thinking routine, "See|Think|Wonder" as a starting point for the writing prompt, and the images for inspiration.
Tags: Decision Making, Disabilities, Self-Determination, Self-Efficacy, Student Empowerment, All Access Digital Arts Program
Marian Anderson faced many challenges during her career making her a hero to many. Facing discrimination with dignity and grace endeared her to her fans and generations yet to come.
This collection previews the fifth and final seminar of the 2017 Montgomery College / Smithsonian Institution Fellowship seminar series, The Struggle for Justice. Two National Portrait Gallery staff members will lead this event: David Ward and Briana Zavadil White.
Resources and questions included in this collection have been chosen by the presenters for participants to explore and consider before the seminar itself.
What does it mean to be influenced by the world around you? This collection looks at the technical innovations, design influences (Japanese Zen Buddhist, Italian, Bauhaus); location influences (Yosemite, Silicon Valley); and cultural and musical influences (Bob Dylan, Edwin Land) which inspired Steve Jobs to "think different" and create digital products which changed the world.
Keywords: inventor, biography, technology, innovation
Compare and contrast artworks by William Christenberry and Robert Rauchenberg:
How do they depict the passage of time?
How are events or environments represented?
What do these images communicate about control or loss of control?
Themes: Time, figures in motion, coil vessels, American history, colonization of America, wire sculpture,
Allensworth, CA. founded in 1908, represents the only all black township in California; founded, built, governed and populated by African Americans. Located in the great central valley (southern San Joaquin), it was founded to be a agricultural community and center of learning. Where, African Americans only 50 years out of slavery could become economically free. Due to lack of a dependable water supply, the untimely death of the Colonel and other factors the town's future was bleak. By 1918 the town began its demise struggling to survive. The historic portions of the town became a state historic park in the 1970's. It is formally listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a California Historic Landmark.
Sierra Green, archivist at the Senator John Heinz History Center's Detre Library & Archives, conducted an online session highlighting multiple perspectives throughout history using materials from archival collections.
Archival materials can illuminate viewpoints at times overlooked in historical study, as they persist as remnants of individuals' voices in history. Included in this collection are facsimiles of materials from three local Pittsburgh stories.
Teachers can use these examples to examine history from the experiences of people who directly participated in those events.