This topical collection is meant to serve as a starting point to explore the concept of god in Hinduism. Students can review the images in the collection for clues to help them answer questions like:
-How are gods portrayed in relation to other gods, people, or animals?
-Do there seem to be one god or many gods? Do they seem to be male or female?
-What common symbols or poses are present? What do you think they mean?
-What kinds of powers do the god figures seem to have? In what ways are they like human beings and in what ways are they different?
The final resource in this collection is a video that gives insight into the Hindu concept of god. After exploring this collection, encourage students to choose one aspect of Hinduism that they would like to research further.
tags: India, religion, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, trimurti, Ganesh, avatar
NHD at NMAAHC 2018 - Conflict and Compromise in History: Free People of Color in Antebellum America Making A Way Out of No Way
Welcome to the National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection Grid for our 2018 NHD theme book article: "Conflict and Compromise: Free People of Color in Antebellum America Making A Way Out of No Way."
Below are some objects and images to help you explore the lives and consider the perspective of free African Americans during the Antebellum Era. These objects may help you form an idea for a project topic or they may help to expand the narrative of your selected project.
Click on the information icon to learn more about the history or archival information of the objects and images.
Click on the paperclip icon for examples of project connections, close reading activities, and selected focuses to highlight interesting aspects of an object or image.
In 2014-2015, artist and illustrator Maira Kalman created a personal collection that was displayed at the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum. Her collection drew from across the Smithsonian museums and reflected a life story. Her inspiration and thinking is shared in the video resource that begins this collection, and some of the objects that she included (or similar ones) are shared.
Can you create your own collection of "favorite things"? What story would it tell? What people, places, and objects would it connect to? What emotions would it evoke?
tags: design, art, activity, personal, inspiration, creativity, biography
Images support learning in first grade "Dream House for My Family" lesson. For architecture puzzle activity, print selected images and cut them into pieces that focus on parts of the building. Allow table groups to work together to reassemble the house image and name the parts of the house.
Discuss images of model houses to introduce the lesson challenge: Create a 3-dimensional model of a dream house for your family.
Images support second grade paper sculpture lesson. View a few images and lead a discussion with questioning:
- What do you notice about this picture?
- Where do you think this is located?
- If you were here and saw this animal, what would you be thinking?
- Why do you think the artist chose to put this animal in this spot?
- How do you think the animal affects people who use this space?
- Can you think of a space in your community where an artist might place an animal sculpture?
Images support second grade collage lesson. Choose an image that connects to a poem read to students (from Celebrate American in Poetry in Art, edited by Nora Panzer). Use questioning to describe and analyze the artwork:
- "What do you see?"
- "What is happening here?
- "What clues make you think that?"
- "What else is happening in this image?"
Ask students to take a minute to think of a personal experience that this image reminds them of, then turn to a partner and share. This prepares them for the next step, which is to visualize a favorite community celebration and sketch in preparation for making a collage.
Examples of embroidery depicting plants. Supports primary grade stichery lesson.
Choose several images to compare/contrast in terms of location, season, and/or style. Discuss why artists may choose to depict a particular place.
Formal analysis for elementary students: identify foreground, middle ground and background; describe how size and placement of objects and use of overlapping contribute to the illusion of depth.
Formal analysis for secondary students: describe color harmonies; identify focal point; find examples of one-point, two point, and atmospheric perspective.
Images of children performing tasks that help their family. How are these children helping others?
What do you do to help out at home? Draw a picture of yourself being a helper.
This is a topical collection of artworks related to the Virgin Mary, a religious figure honored by many faiths and particularly revered in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
Compare the many ways that Mary is portrayed across the globe. How is she posed? Are others included in the image? What colors or symbols are prevalent?
This collection gives insight not only into the religious significance of Mary, but also into the spread and adaptation of Christianity as it is practiced in various parts of the world. In addition, viewers might consider how different artists add their unique perspective to a common and widely-known subject.
tags: religion, Christianity, Jesus, Maria, Mary, Virgen, Virgin, Madonna, Maria, Theotokos, comparison
Lesson Prompt: Look at each robot and imagine what it can do. How can it help people? If you were to design your own robot, what would you want it to do to help your family? Sketch your ideas and then draw your robot design.
This is a topical collection of resources related to the fight to end apartheid. Teachers and students can use this collection to explore strategies used to fight against apartheid as well as famous leaders in the fight. Strategies include economic sanctions, boycotts, and divestment, raising awareness through artists and musicians, nonviolent protest, armed resistance, and external political pressures on the South African government. This is a work-in-progress based on the digitized materials within the Smithsonian Learning Lab's collection--it is not meant to be wholly definitive or authoritative. Think of it as a starting point for further inquiry!
Possible student activities include:
-researching one strategy of resistance and/or one well-known leader in depth.
-drawing comparisons between political organizations and movements like the ANC, PAC, Black Consciousness Movement, and United Democratic Front.
-creating a timeline of resistance to apartheid.
-debating the use of armed resistance and "sabotage."
-interviewing adults who may remember the end of apartheid.
-drawing comparisons between the civil rights movement in the United States and the anti-apartheid movement.
-choose 1-3 events and make a case for them as turning points in the fight against apartheid. What makes these events so significant?
tags: apartheid, South Africa, Mandela, Tutu, Huddleston, Soweto, townships, Sharpeville, Defiance Campaign, Biko
The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival movement in the first half of the 19th century. It emphasized emotion and enthusiasm, but also democracy: new religious denominations emerged that restructured churches to allow for more people involved in leadership, an emphasis on man's equality before god, and personal relationships with Christ (meaning less authority on the part of a minister or priest). There was also a belief that the Second Coming was imminent, and society must be improved before that time. Women were heavily involved in the 2nd Great Awakening movement, converting in large movements and taking on leadership roles in service committees and reform work.
Students and teachers might use this collection as a topical resource to explore: Why and how did the Second Great Awakening inspired a range of antebellum reform movements?
Other questions that might support this inquiry include:
- How are concepts of democracy and equality important to both the Second Great Awakening and the rise of reform movements?
- Why do you think women were often leaders in antebellum reform movements?
- More Americans were moving westward during this period. How do you think that impacted the religious revival movement?
- Can you hypothesize a connection between the increase in utopian societies during this time and the growing reform and religious movements?
Tags: abolition, temperance, women's rights, women's suffrage, second coming, antebellum reform, asylum and prison reform, education, 2GA
This topical collection includes images from Wilson A. Bentley's snowflake photography collection, which was donated to the Smithsonian in 1903. Bentley used a bellows camera that had a microscope inside to capture these small and unique natural objects. Also included in the collection is the original correspondence between Bentley and the Smithsonian, as well as ideas for using these sources in the classroom from the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Throughout all of history, ciphers and secret codes were devised to keep intelligence from falling into the wrong hands. From the WWII German "Enigma" machine to America's Cherokee Code Talkers, people used ciphers and codes to safeguard secrets. One of my favorite mysterious artworks is the sculpture Antipodes, outside of the Hirshhorn Museum. No one knows what it means, and its companion piece Kryptos sits outside at Langley. I was inspired to create this collection because a parent wrote to us asking what kinds of spy or secret code summer camps were available at the Smithsonian. Before passing them along to the International Spy Museum, I wondered what kind of topical collection I could create in SLL. It turns out, there's a lot of material culture associated with codes and coding, so these are some of my favorite objects and videos in our Smithsonian collections.
The five years of the Civil War are quite rightly considered a period of ordnance and artillery experimentation, development, and transition. The work of one man led, in fact, to the casting of one of the biggest guns ever built, even to the present day--a monstrous 20-inch muzzzleloader that fired a 1000 pound solid shot
This collection provides an introduction to the 3D resources available from the Smithsonian Institution. All of the items in this collection are videos showing 3D models or sharing the process of creating such materials. To explore the models directly in a 3D viewer, download file information, and discover tours and other educator resources, please visit 3d.si.edu.
Models of interest to K-12 teachers might include:
- Apollo 11 command module
- Amelia Earhart's flight suit
- Liang Bua (archaeological site where homo floriensis was discovered)
- Funerary bust of Haliphat (from Palmyra)
- Jamestown burial sites and artifacts
- David Livingstone's gun
- Porcelain dishes and other home items in the Freer Gallery of Art (from Asian cultures)
- Killer Whale Hat
- Whale and dolphin fossils
- Cosmic Buddha
- Woolly mammoth skeleton
- Wright Brothers flyer
- Gunboat Philadelphia