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As streaming music gains popularity, record companies have insisted it’s not threatening their sales. But newly released statistics suggest that streaming music may be killing a format instead. For the first time ever, streaming revenues have surpassed those made by compact discs.
A new report from the Recording Industry Association of America shows that streaming outlets generated $1.87 billion in 2014—while CD sales fell to $1.85 billion. Streaming music’s edge is slight but significant: it now accounts for 27 percent of the industry’s total revenues. And while permanent downloads still dominate the digital music market (with $2.58 billion in revenues, they bring in about 38 percent more than streaming services), streaming is catching up quickly.
With digital music now capturing 65 percent of the market’s revenues, it’s easy to predict the demise of all physical formats. But there is one dark horse in the game. The RIAA’s report also showed that vinyl sales continue to rise (revenues are up 50 percent since 2013). LPs have staged what the Wall Street Journal calls “the biggest music comeback of 2014,” and the format is making gains with the same under-35 demographic that’s fueling streaming music.
The humble CD isn’t the only format that’s being edged out by a changing music market, either. Streaming music is threatening another mainstay: the car radio. The New York Post reports that terrestrial radio is being edged out by streaming services like Sirius XM and Pandora—and by 2018, more than 60 percent of new vehicles in the United States will come equipped with the technology it takes to stream on the go.
An analysis of sinuous ridges in the southern Argyre Planitia, Mars using HiRISE and CTX images and MOLA data
Stable Carbon and Oxygen Isotope Spacing Between Bone and Tooth Collagen and Hydroxyapatite in Human Archaeological Remains
Key science questions from the second conference on early Mars: geologic, hydrologic, and climatic evolution and the implications for life
A pair of red, glossy lips is a popular advertisement for sexiness, and this ideal has left its mark all over human culture: Applying a "cupid’s bow" was a key part of flapper attire in the 1920s, for example, and people’s thirst for lip color is strong enough that they have endured some strange and dangerous lipstick ingredients. But we aren’t the only species to find reddened lips alluring.
Black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys enjoy a bit of natural lipstick, reports David Shultz for Science. The smaller primate’s twist on the phenomenon is that the red color also decorates the lips of males, and only the sexiest males get to wear the brightest colors.
Researchers hailing from China, the U.K, Australia and the U.S. describe how males of the large, endangered primate species have lips that redden as they age. Unlike the flashy plummage of male birds and bright colors of male fish, the monkey lip color isn’t just a way to attract females, the researchers write in Royal Society Open Science. Since older males have redder lips and bachelor males keep their lips pale, the "lipstick" might also serve as a way to enforce social hierarchy.
"Paler lips could make bachelors appear less threatening, allowing the mating males to focus their aggression on other red-lipped competitors," Shultz writes. It’s also possible that the ladies prefer red-lipped mates, but the researchers’ data couldn’t offer a firm indication either way. Both mechanisms—sexual selection and male-male competition—could be at play. Lip color intensity was most intense during the peak of the mating season, the researchers note.
Other monkeys also redden in various part of their bodies, such as their faces, around their genitals and all over their skin. Some of these changes appear to be related to sexual availability and some in response to social order. At least it seems that for primates the world over, red is an exciting color.