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Oral history interview with Margret Craver Withers, 1983-1985

Archives of American Art
5 sound cassettes (9 1/2 hrs.) : analog + 37 col. slides.

Partial Transcript: 12 pages.

An interview of Margret Craver Withers conducted 1983-1985, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.

Withers discusses her childhood in Kansas; early education; and aptitude for drawing.Education in art and design, including studying crafts at the University of Kansas, 1925-29; her position as a grade school teacher in Kansas and as a crafts instructor at Wichita Art Association, 1930s; study with various master metalworkers, including Arthur Nevill Kirk, Arthur J. Stone, Leonard Heinrich and Wilson Weir in the USA, and Baron Erik Fleming in Sweden.Development of Hospital Service Program, with the support of Handy and Harman, precious metal refiners, during World War II, to train army therapists in metalworking for disabled soldiers; supervision in post-War period of Handy and Harman's Craft Service Department, producing films on hand-wrought silver, a traveling exhibition of outstanding contemporary silver, instructional brochures, and a series of workshops for American silversmiths, taught by European masters.Marriage in 1950 to Charles Withers, president of Towle Silver, and that company's policy of employing top designers; Towle's commissioning of works in silver from top modern sculptors; her making of silver holloware and jewelry for private clients; her re-invention of the en resille process for enameling (1959) and in the early 1980s her invention of a process for combining enamel, glass, and silver and gold leaf in jewelry; and her involvement in crafts organizations.She discusses her en resille enameling technique. [This session is transcribed, and is accompanied by slides of the work discussed].

Oral history interview with Stanley H. Witmeyer, 1985 June 22

Archives of American Art
3 sound files : digital, wav file

An interview of Stanley H. Witmeyer conducted 1985 June 22, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.

Oral history interview with Otto Wittmann, 1981 October 25

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 42 pages

An interview of Otto Wittmann conducted 1981 October 25, by Thomas Carr Howe, for the Archives of American Art.

Oral history interview with Emerson Woelffer, 1999 March 26

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 55 pages

An interview of Emerson Woelffer conducted 1999 March 26, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art's Art Schools in California Project, in Woelffer's studio/home, Los Angeles, California.

Woelffer briefly discusses his own student experience at the Art Institute of Chicago (1933-1937), and focuses more on his teaching at Moholy Nagy's Institute of Design in Chicago, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center (1954-1960) where he was head of the fine arts department, and the many years in Los Angeles as an educator at Chouinard Art School (now California Art Institute) and Otis Art Institute (now Otis College of Art and Design). Woelffer recalls Chouinard students who were the most "far out," among them Larry Bell, Joe Goode, and Ed Ruscha. He credited the free-wheeling stimulation of Los Angeles itself as the source for these experimental artists who were different from those in Chicago. In his final remarks, Woelffer emphasized the importance of drawing to the training of an artist.

Oral history interview with J. Fred Woell, 2001 June 6-2002 January 19

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 75 pages.

An interview of J. Fred Woell conducted 2001 June 6-2002 January 19, by Donna Gold, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in the artist's home and studio, Deer Isle, Maine.

Woell speaks of his childhood and the impact of many moves; his affiliation with the Presbyterian Church; his experiences at Park College and the University of Illinois, Champagne-Urbana, studying economics and political science; and the influence of jewelry teacher Robert Von Neumann. Woell describes his experience in the masters program at the University of Wisconsin at Madison and refers again to his early childhood noting his participation in Boy Scouts and how it engendered his respect for the environment. He also mentions collecting baseball cards and rocks; the absence of a peer group; and his lack of confidence. He discusses his affinity for open space and unpopulated places; his enjoyment of camping, kayaking with his wife Pat; and notes that his views of nature mirror those of Taoists. He cites effective teaching techniques and comments on secondary school curricula. He discusses a cover story about his work in Metalsmith and his mother's response; his early art classes and interest in drawing cartoons; his tendency to be a clown; his participation in an American-Legion-sponsored event called Boys State; artists as purveyors of culture; and the premise for a workshop titled "Art by Accident." Woell speaks of influence of a John Cage performance at University of Illinois and subsequently contacting Cage; and teaching at Boston University, Haystack, and elsewhere. Woell also provides thoughtful commentary on the teaching style and learning process at Cranbrook Academy of Art. He discusses in some detail the strong influence of Vincent Campanella and Frank Gallo on his work; sharing a workbench with Bob von Neumann; recording and saving ideas; drawing preliminary sketches for jewelry; and his early sculptures of helmets and spoons. He describes and interprets his piece, "Come Alive, You're in the Pepsi Generation," and he comments on found-object pieces that were inspired by Scouting and cartooning. Woell explains how his environmental concerns inform his work and argues that art has a healing function. He remarks on meeting and marrying Kathleen, his first wife; his one-man show at Garth Clark Gallery; and how his work is part of an American, rather than international, tradition. Woell discusses his relationship with galleries including Helen Drutt in Philadelphia, Sybaris Gallery in Royal Oak, Michigan, Connell Gallery in Atlanta, and Mobilia in Cambridge, Massachusetts He points out the value of being included in publications such as, "Metalsmith," "Jewelers Circular Keystone," "Ornament," "American Craft," "Craft Horizon," and "Craft Report." He speaks about commissions for institutions and individuals and describes his current obligation to Haystack and his plans for his retirement, which includes exploring photography and making videos. Woell also describes his typical workday and his symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder and dyslexia. He recalls Peter Voulkos, Jennifer Burton, Francis Sumner Merritt, Ronald Pearson, Georg Jensen, Audrey Handler, Jerry Brown, Jon Wilson, and others.

On January 19, 2002 Woell added an addendum to the interview which included remarks about September 11, 2001 acts of terrorism in the U.S.

Oral history interview with Marion Post Wolcott, 1965 January 18

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 23 pages

An interview of Marion Post Wolcott conducted 1965 January 18, by Richard Doud, for the Archives of American Art, at the artist's home, in Mill Valley, California.

Wolcott speaks of her background in photography; experimenting with cameras; working as a photojournalist; joining the Farm Security Administration project; her first assignment photographing West Virginia coal miners; the camaraderie among the FSA photographers; the propagandistic aspects of the work; how the program was run and work assigned; her interest in landscapes; problems of being a woman photographer; the learning experience of meeting Americans all over the country; and the FSA project's long-term value. She recalls Roy Stryker.

Oral history interview with Sonia Wolfson, 1990 August 19

Archives of American Art
3 sound cassettes

An interview of Sonia Wolfson conducted 1990 August 19, by Ilene Fort, for the Archives of American Art. [This interview will not be transcribed.]

Oral history interview with Beatrice Wood, 1992 March 2

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 48 pages

Audio excerpt: 1 sound file (4 min. 18 sec.) : digital

An interview of Beatrice Wood conducted 1992 March 2, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project.

Wood speaks of her memories of Gertrud & Otto Natzler and getting involved with ceramics; the future of art in America; and women in art.

Oral history interview with Betty Bryson Woodhouse, 1979 May 24

Archives of American Art
1 sound cassette.

An interview of Betty Bryson Woodhouse conducted 1979 May 24, by Garnett McCoy, for the Archives of American Art.

Woodhouse reminisces about her father, painter and Metropolitan Museum of Art curator, Bryson Burroughs, Bernard Berenson, Reginald Marsh and other figures in the American art scene of the early 20th century.

Oral history interview with Betty Woodman, 2003 April 22 and 29

Archives of American Art
Sound recording: 5 sound files (2 hr., 55 min.) digital wav

Transcript: 69 pages

An interview of Betty Woodman conducted 2003 April 22 and 29, by John Perreault, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in New York, New York.

Woodman speaks of frequent moves with her family during her childhood; her father's woodworking skills; gaining an interest in arts and crafts at four when she made a tablecloth with crayon drawings; attending summer camps, including Girl Scout Camp, where she participated in arts and crafts activities; being the first girl to take shop in her middle school; making model airplanes for air raid wardens during World War II; her interest in making functional objects; her introduction to clay and hand-building in high school; attending the School for American Craftsmen in New York City; collaborating with fellow students; her early desire to be a "craftsperson and not an artist"; her work with silk-screen fabric for The Fabric Workshop in Philadelphia and glass at CIRVA in Marseille, France; teaching at the University of Colorado and the City of Boulder Recreation Department; working at the European Ceramic Work Center in Den Bosch, Holland, and the Bellagio Study Center in Italy; her studios in New York, Colorado, and Italy; her travels to India, The Netherlands, and Mexico; living in New Mexico, New York, Colorado, and Italy; her business Roadrunner Pottery in New Mexico with partner Elenita Brown; collaborative projects with Joyce Kozloff, Cynthia Carlson, Bud Shark, Judith Solodkin, and her husband George Woodman; developing a following in New York; how being a woman has affected her work and how she enjoys working with other women artists; the change of market for American crafts; Italian, Greek, and Etruscan influences; teaching experiences; the importance of getting reviews in art magazines; and the strong support from her husband George, a painter. Betty Woodman recalls Lynn Feelyn, Olan Wassen, Bernard Leach, Peter Voulkos, Shoji Hamada, Bob Kushner, Richard Serra, Wayne Higby, and others.

Oral history interview with William Woolfenden, 1983 March 17

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 39 pages

An interview of William Woolfenden conducted 1983 March 17, by Ruth Gurin Bowman, for the Archives of American Art, in Pacific Palisades, California.

Oral history interview with William E. Woolfenden and Irving Burton, 1992 December 12

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 33 pages

An interview of William E. Woolfenden and Irving Burton conducted 1992 December 12, by Garnett McCoy for the Archives of American Art, concerning the development of the Archives of American Art.

Woolfenden speaks about E.P. Richardson and his intent in founding of the Archives of American Art; the earliest development and collecting activities; his role as assistant director and Richardson's role as director; receiving a Ford foundation grant and other early financial support; fundraising events; auctions; trustees; the founding of regional offices; early employees; forming an alliance with the Smithsonian Institution; and the impact of the AAA on American art history. Irving Burton discusses his involvement.

Oral history interview with Virginia Wright, 2017 March 22- 23

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 88 pages.

4 sound files (3 hrs., 13 min.) digital, wav

An oral history interview with Virginia Wright conducted 2017 March 22-23, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art and the Center for the History of Collecting in America at the Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection, at Wright's home in Seattle, Washington.

Oral history interview with Edith Wyle, 1993 March 9-September 7

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 153 pages

An interview of Edith Wyle conducted 1993 March 9-September 7, by Sharon K. Emanuelli, for the Archives of American Art, Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project.

Wyle speaks of her family background and her early education and interests; her studies at U.C. Berkeley and UCLA; her marriage to Frank Wyle; her friendship with Rico Lebrun; the cultural scene in Los Angeles between 1940 and 1970; the founding of the Egg and the Eye restaurant and gallery; and the founding of the Craft and Folk Art Museum and its development over the years.

Oral history interview with Nancy Yaw, 1981 June 8

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 54 pages

An interview of Nancy Yaw conducted 1981 June 8, by Jean O'Korn, for the Archives of American Art.

Yaw speaks of establishing the Yaw Gallery; exhibitions; her interest in crafts; crafts vs. fine art; collectors and patrons; the future of the gallery; and the Michigan art market.

Oral history interview with Wendell Zoehler, 1978 April 14 and 27

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 40 pages

An interview of Wendell Zoehler conducted 1978 April 14 and 27, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.

Zoehler speaks of his long association with the Doll & Richards art gallery in Boston from 1929 to 1966.

Oral history interview with William Zorach, 1959 April 2

Archives of American Art
Transcript: 25 pages

An interview of William Zorach conducted by John Morse on 1959 April 2 for the Archives of American Art.

Oral history interview with Jirayr Zorthian, 1997 January 28-July 9

Archives of American Art
Transcript 90 pages.

An interview of Jirayr Zorthian conducted 1997 January 28-July 9, by Paul J. Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, at Zorthian's home and studio, in Fair Oaks, California.

Zorthian describes his property, Art Ranch, and its meaning to him; his personal and educational background, including studying at Yale; early mural work and his inspiration to move west; settling in Altadena, California in 1945; his description of his property as "The Center for Research and Development of Industrial Discards with Emphasis on Aesthetics"; bohemianism and his desire to stay free of conventions of work; friendships with artists and socially prominent people.

He discusses a profile of him in L.A. Weekly, by Dave Gardetta; his antipathy towards galleries and his "outsider" relationship to the artworld; his recent nude drawings and paintings, the Jennifer Series, and his views the work illustrates social themes and celebration of the body; and his self-concept as an artist and perceptions of him and his work.

Oral history interview with Toots Zynsky, 2007 July 27-28

Archives of American Art
4 sound discs (4 hr., 18 min.) : digital ; 2 5/8 in.

An interview of Toots Zynsky conducted 2007 July 27-28, by Tina Oldknow, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in at the artist's home and studio, in Providence, Rhode Island.
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