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Found 5,750 Collections


Women and the White House

How did women leave an impression on the White House?

Piper Russell

Women and the Olympics

How did women's success in the Olympics increase in the 1900s?

Julianna Paulin

Women and the Fight for Women's Rights

How did women protest, fight, and gain equal rights in America?

Alexa Santucci

Women and the Fight for Women's Rights

How did women succeed in their fight for women's rights?

Isabella Mannino

Women and the Fight for Women's Rights

How did women accomplish change in society to gain their rights?

Brooke Carver

Women and Television

In what ways did women influence and impact television?

Ivan Li

Women and sports in history

How did women have an impact on sports culture,the way we think about sports, and leave their place in history?

Jessica Rosenberry

Women and Sports

How did women have an impact on sports in America?

Jon Tokarczyk

Women and Sports

What were the similarities and differences between old attire and nowaday, and how did the old attire setback women in these sports.?

Meghan Schmetzer

Women and Sports

How have American women impacted the world of sports?

Arina Dillinger

Women and sports

How did women have an impact on sports culture,the way we think about sports, and leave their place in history?

Abigail Wendel

Women and Sports

Essential Question :
How did the women at the forefront of the sporting frontier use sports as a career to help gain women acceptance?

Ryan Devoss

Women and Sewing in the Revolutionary Era

Among the many purposes art fulfills, it can convey a message, allow self-expression, and indicate a way of life. In the Revolutionary War era, while boys were taught traditional knowledge (much like today), girls were instructed in the arts--including sewing.1 This medium helped women contribute to their home as well as communicated thoughts and emotions of them and their country.

The art of sewing was used in practical manners through household items like quilts and bed coverings, giving a picture of normal life. Even the decorative works were practical; Education accessible only for the rich, the art was displayed in houses to show off their wealth and skill in order to attract suitors. It also conveyed values about religion and family, with passages and pictures, helping people in their time--and ours--understand their thoughts that otherwise would have gone unacknowledged. Some women even professionally embroidered to exchange it for money and goods, giving some financial independence in a time of assumed submission. 1

American culture also form into what it is today through these creations. Using stylized images, they created the picture of a patriot, dictating to the nation what a true American looks like and promoting the war effort. It showed what the country was as well as what it could be. In a time of adjustment and confusion, it gave the nation a direction of how to live.

Sewing gave a voice to the voiceless and helped define a woman's traditional role in American society. From the practical household items to a platform to display their personality, it gave them an outlet to educate and express themselves, giving them a way to participate and contribute to the country.

The first article is an embroidery frame. This was used to hold embroidery in place when creating. It is what opened the door for so many women to learn this skill and create a whole new influence in America.

The second article listed, called Sweet Sampler, is an example of what a girl would learn to do in school. This was made by an 13-year-old. A simple scene with just , this shows the beginning of a hard-to-attain education and the seeds of what grew into a popular form of expression.

The third article shows a quilt, one example of a household item done by sewing. Though the creator had no kids, it shows how the skill could be used practically to keep a family warm.

The fourth article is a coverlet (bedspread). Its design was inspired by Indian bed hangings, showing how American culture is influenced by outsiders-- and shaped by it-- through this medium. It is yet another example of how sewing was applied in basic items.

The fifth article, a pair of decorated shoes, was the only one I found of its kind. It was designed after German trends; this is another sample of other nations' influences on America, creating what is considered "American" today. In addition, it shows another use for sewing and embroidery.

Article six is a woman's stylized sampler tracking her genealogy. This is an example of work done with sewing to attract suitors and display wealth and education. It showcases what is considered "good" values through this display, giving a hint to the culture at the time.

Article seven demonstrates religious virtues. This perpetuates the cultural religious emphasis at the time, especially among the elite. This is yet another indication of American culture and also shows the woman's values-- a detail we otherwise wouldn't have known about.

Article eight, along with the rest following it, are more professional. Made with embroidery thread, it depicts a pleasant rural life, giving an idea of what was considered ideal life (for an elite, at least). The artist clearly had to develop this skill with the very little independence they were given.

Article nine's details were done using needlework. The artist depicted a woman flying an American flag in a picturesque setting. This became "a symbol of liberty to Americans during the Revolutionary War period" (National Museum of American History).

The final article depicts Liberty with armor and "a boy and girl looking toward a distance hilltop" (National Museum of American History). There are national emblems and symbols included, showing this picture is patriotic. This is yet another example of women influenced (as well as influencing) nationalism and the American war effort.

Shira Solomon

Women and Science

These resources are for the students in the Women and Science Honors Seminar at Rutgers, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences. Instructors; Distinguished Professor Joan Bennett and Visiting Professor Catherine Reid. The resources highlight women represented in different Smithsonian collections for their pioneering works in their respective fields.

Women faced challenges when they entered male dominant institutions, such as employment in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. They faced struggle for gender inclusion, and in some cases, added racial discrimination. In many cases, the accomplishments of women and people of color were rendered invisible in the official histories of institutions. With the pioneering works of feminist activists and gender scholars, counter narratives are now emerging to illuminate the ongoing project of racial and gender inclusion in the 21st  century. 

 For additional resources on women in science at Smithsonian, go to the site Women in Science.  Also the NASA site from Hidden Figures to Modern Figures celebrates the accomplishments of Katherine Johnson, Mary Jackson, and Dorothy Vaughan who contributed as researchers to NASA projects. 


Kayo Denda

Women and Science

How did women become prominent in the field of science during the 1900's?

-Grace Nolder, Chase Bernotas, and Ryan Jashinski

Grace Nolder

Women and Race Relations

How did women strive for and act upon a change in Race Relations in America?

Eric Jozwiak

Women and Politics

What did women do to raise awareness for women's suffrage?

Chloe Jashinski

Women and Movies

How did women influence the development of the movie industry?

Nicholas Trojan

Women and Movies

How did women in the movie franchise effect the standards held for them over time? 

Sydney Lee

Women and Medicine

How did women in the medical field influence the fight for women's rights in the early 1900s?

Sofia Pascek

Women and Media

What role do the media play in influening gender roles and stereotypes.?

Morgan Castelluci

Women and Leadership

In the fight for women's rights how did they show leadership?

Briana Beck

Women and Leadership

How did women start to fight for their rights and stand up for themselves?

Julian Paul

Women and Journalism

How was journalism used to spread the word of women’s rights and equality?

Paige Vergenes
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