Previous custodian or owner : Zhang Naiji 張乃驥 (1899-1948)
Provenance : To 1939
Provenance : Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai, China and New York, NY from at least February 1939 
Provenance : From 1939
Provenance : Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C.T. Loo & Company, New York from Zhang Naiji on April 17, 1939 
Provenance : Notes:
Provenance :  See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," approved on February 1, 1939 , Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, copy in object file. According to an annotation on the list, the purchase was made from C. T. Loo & Company, New York acting as agent for Zhang Naiji and the payment was made on April 17, 1939. It seems that John Lodge forgot to record where Zhang Naiji purchased this piece, as he did not note that the "provenance was unknown," as he did with other objects, like F1939.27. Zhang Naiji (also known as N.C. Chang) was a businessman, born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang that made their wealth in the silk and salt industries. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. Zhang amassed his collection whilst living in Shanghai, before leaving for America in 1938. Zhang did not return to China until 1946.
Provenance : While the earliest documentation of Zhang's ownership of the jade dates to February 1939, we know that he acquired the objects in China before his departure.
Provenance :  See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," cited in note 2.
Accession Number : F1939.28
Type : Jade
Type : Weapon and Armament
Related Online Resources : Google Cultural Institute
See more items in : Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Credit Line : Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Origin : China
Restrictions & Rights : Usage conditions apply
Medium : Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions : H: 6 cm (2 3/8 in)
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