The cartouche in the North Pacific reads “FITZ GLOBE / Manufactured / BY / GINN & HEATH / BOSTON. / 1879.” The base is marked “FITZ GLOBE. GINN & HEATH, MANFS BOSTON. Patented Jan. 19, 1875.” There are red and blue isothermal lines, and indications of ocean currents.
Ellen Eliza Fitz (b. 1836), an American governess working in St. John County, New Brunswick, invented a terrestrial globe mount that illustrated the path of the sun and the various durations of day, night, and twilight around the globe and throughout the year. She obtained a patent (#158,581) in 1875, published a Handbook, and showed an example at the Centennial Exhibition held at Philadelphia in 1876. In 1882, now living in Somerville, Mass., Fitz obtained another patent (#263,886) for mounting globes that indicated the positions of stars above any horizon at any time of the year.
Ginn & Heath, an educational publishing house in Boston, was in business from 1876 to 1886.
Ref: Ellen E. Fitz, Handbook of the Terrestrial Globe; or, Guide to Fitz’s New Method of Mounting and Operating Globes (Boston, 1876, and later).
D. J. Warner, “The Geography of Heaven and Earth,” Rittenhouse 2 (1988): 62.
ID Number: 1989.0410.01
catalog number: 1989.0410.01
accession number: 1989.0410
date made: ca 1880
Physical Description: brass (overall material)
Physical Description: paper (overall material)
Physical Description: iron (overall material)
Measurements: average spatial: 31.4 cm; 12 3/8 in
Measurements: overall: 16 1/2 in x 13 in x 13 1/2 in; 41.91 cm x 33.02 cm x 34.29 cm
See more items in: Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
See more items in: Measuring & Mapping
See more items in: Globes
place made: United States: Massachusetts, Boston
associated place: United States: New York, Hastings-on-Hudson