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The Mughal Empire

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Cultures +3 Age Levels Intermediate (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (12 to 15 years old)

What is the role of art and culture in the expansion of nations or empires? This collection traces the general history of the Mughal Empire and its influence on Indian art. The Mughals were a dynasty of Islamic leaders who conquered India in the 16th and 17th centuries. Their blend of influences and the stylistic preferences of the emperors created a distinct style.

Guiding questions to consider are:

How did the Mughals assert their authority over and create a sense of unity within India?

Why is art so important to powerful leaders, and how can they influence artistic styles?

Tags: religion, culture, syncretism, Islam, Muslim, India, Hindu, cause effect, chronology

Emperor Babur

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Babur at the Capture of Kabul in 910 H (A.D. 1504) from an Akbarnama

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Humayun and Akbar

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Coin

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Five Holy Men

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Noah's Ark

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

The World of Animals

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Calligraphy from the Late Shahjahan Album

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Dagger and scabbard with name of Jahangir on upper chape

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Taj-Mahal, Agra

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Quatrefoil box

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery