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The Five Pillars of Islam

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Cultures +2 Age Levels Elementary (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (13 to 15 years old)

This collection includes artifacts and images that represent the Five Pillars of Islam. Students should complete the chart (included as the final resource) by first explaining what each pillar is by creating an image that represents the pillar. Then, after looking through the collection, they should identify an artifact that represents each one and explain why.

Tags: Islam, Muslim, religion, Muhammad, object analysis, practice, pilgrimage, hajj, fasting, Ramadan, Shahadah, zakat, tithe, salat, prayer

View in Mecca: the Ka'ba and the Great Mosque, from the north

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Tile in the shape of a mihrab which is where Muslims face to pray.

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Ghiordes Prayer Rug

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Page of calligraphy: meaning is the declaration of faith

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Mosque at Mocha, Yemen, 1996

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Coin issued by Nadir Shah (reigned 1736-1747)

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Charity

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Textile

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Charity bowl to collect money

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery