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Segregation, Integration, and the Civil Rights Movements in Baseball and the United States Postal Service

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Language Arts And English +8 Age Level Elementary (9 to 12 years old)

Issues of racial inequality have had profound effects on all aspects of American society and its many institutions. In conjunction with the National Postal Museum’s upcoming exhibition Baseball: America’s Home Run, this collection will assist teachers in examining the complicated and problematic history of segregation, integration, and the Civil Rights Movement with their students through two important institutions of the 20th Century: Major League Baseball and the United States Postal Service. In the classroom, these artifacts, articles, and videos can be used to explore the common and diverging ways that segregation manifested itself in Major League Baseball and the Postal Service. Students will also be able to explore how individuals in both institutions combatted this segregation through movements for integration and, beyond that, a broader expansion of opportunity for African-American individuals in these institutions. Students will also have the opportunity to analyze the thematic significance of artistic depictions of African-American and white ballplayers and, more specifically, what these depictions communicated about these two racial groups and their place in the sport of baseball. Supporting questions and further ideas for classroom application can be found in the "Notes to Other Users" section.



33c Jackie Robinson single

National Postal Museum

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National Postal Museum

20c Jackie Robinson single

National Postal Museum

Jackie Robinson

National Portrait Gallery

Time Magazine, Vol. L, No. 12

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Untitled

National Museum of African American History and Culture

20c Babe Ruth single

National Postal Museum

Homestead Grays

National Portrait Gallery

Brooklyn Dodgers 1955

National Portrait Gallery

Roberto Clemente's Batting Helmet

National Museum of American History

Seat from Griffith Stadium

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Sign about the integration of the Detroit Tigers

National Museum of African American History and Culture

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National Postal Museum

[Calendar featuring African-Americans playing baseball, 1885?]

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris

National Portrait Gallery

Baseball at Night

Smithsonian American Art Museum

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National Postal Museum

The Negro Motorist Green-Book

National Museum of African American History and Culture

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National Postal Museum