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Pio Pico State Historic Park

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Social Studies Age Levels Primary (5 to 8 years old), Elementary (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old)

Pío Pico is one of California's most important and fascinating historical figures. Born a poor soldier’s son in a frontier Spanish mission, he gained wealth and status as a businessman, cattle rancher, and politician during Mexican Era California - serving twice as governor. At the height of his power, he owned over 500,000 acres of land, including 5 large ranches. Today, what remains of his vast holdings is his adobe house located on a few acres of land that were once part of his 9,000-acre ranch, El Ranchito. 

His adobe house at El Ranchito was built around 1850 and is a reflection of the rancho lifestyle in Southern California of the time and his active contribution to the development of American California. Today, the adobe is beautifully restored with historic gardens at Pio Pico State Historic Park in Whittier, CA. Explore the adobe house, the gardens, and learn about what life was like on the ranch, the culture and history of the Californios, and the life of Pio Pico. 

Orange Orchard

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Adobe House

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Bedroom

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Kitchen

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Storage Room

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Corn Planter

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Dovecote

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Cattle Brand

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Blue Ash Trees

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Adobe Walls

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Archaeology Pit

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Maria Alvarado

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Hortensia Aguirre

CA State Parks Los Angeles

Pio Pico

Library of Congress

Governor Pio Pico

California State Library

Pio Pico, Wife, and Daughters

Natural History Museum, Los Angeles County

Andres Pico

Natural History Museum, Los Angles County

Pico House

Natural History Museum, Los Angeles County