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How did new African countries use money to show their independence?

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Cultures +3 Age Level High School (16 to 18 years old)

Starting in the late 1950s, African nations became independent from European colonial powers. They used their new currencies to demonstrate their sovereignty by replacing European heads of state with national leaders.  The new national coins and banknotes also depicted indigenous currencies like cowrie shells in Ghana and kissi pennies in Liberia, celebrating African cultural heritage. 

100 Dollars, Liberia, 2011

National Museum of American History

Kissi Penny

National Museum of American History

1 Cedi, Ghana, 1984

National Museum of American History

Cowrie Shells, Nigeria, 19th - 20th century

National Museum of American History

1 Pound, Nigeria, 1958

National Museum of American History

10 Francs, Mali, 1967

National Museum of American History

1 Dalasi, The Gambia, ca 1971

National Museum of American History

1 Franc, West African Monetary Union, 1961

National Museum of American History