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Goryeo Period Celadon Etched and Inlaid Decorative Techniques Translated into Watercolor Painting

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Social Studies +4 Age Levels Elementary (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old), Post-Secondary, Adults

Korean Goryeo period (918-1392) celadon  has famously elegant surface decorations. The delicate flowers, birds, and fish are incised with thin perfection into the clay pots and accented by inlaid white and black slip. Then the whole design is softly but beautifully highlighted by the glass like jade-green glaze. Using this six part lesson plan, students will research Goryeo celadon, compare its decorative techniques to other similar etched techniques, experiment with unique watercolor techniques to create similar effects, plan their own art work using a celadon like look, create their masterpiece, and evaluate whether they have achieved the desired goal of reproducing the look of Goryeo celadon decoration in watercolor. Completing this process, they will have created a painting that they could not have imagined before they began the exploration into  Goryeo celadon pottery decoration. In the first addendum students will be introduced to techniques using acrylic paste and pouring mediums which can produce an even more realistic appearance of Goyreo celadon incised and inlaid decoration.

Here in part 1. are some examples of green glazed, incised ceramics from Korea's Goryeo period. They are from the Freer Art Gallery's collection. Sort them into three groups according to their type of decoration. Then determine if the type of decoration is related to the time period in which they were created.  Next, take time to explore where this particular decoration style originated and how the Goryeo period potters in Korea perfected the technique. In part 2, compare these pieces to other types of art that are made using  similar etching techniques, such as scrimshaw and leather stamping, Then compare them to watercolor paintings of similar subjects to determine how to reproduce the Goryeo celadon look in watercolor painting. One goal of this learning lab is that students will make connections between different mediums and periods and in that process, discover new ways to use the mediums that they are familiar with. Later, in parts 3 and 4, students will be using the Goryeo celadon designs for inspiration when they practice new techniques and plan their own artwork which they will create in step five of the learning lab. In step 6 the students will evaluate their art works to see if they have achieved their goal of making a painting with the look of Goryeo celadon decoration. Addendum 1.  is not intended to be part of the watercolor lessons because of the time required to do the activities and the considerable mess involved, but it introduces the student to Acrylic mediums that can be used to make pictures that not only look like incised and inlaid Goryeo celadon, but are made with very similar techniques. #AsiaTeachers, #Watercolor, #GoryeoCeladon, #Ceramics, #NewAndCombinedPaintingTechniques. #Etching, #StudentArtProjects, #KoreanHistory, #ScratchedAndImpressedWatercolorPaper. #AcrylicPouringMedium, #AcrylicPasteMedium.

Title

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Part One Look

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Bottle with design of phoenixes and peony vinescrolls

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Box

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Cup stand

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Jar with inlaid design of three phoenixes

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Pear-shaped bottle

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bowl with incised design of floral spray

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Covered box with inlaid design of cranes and clouds

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Stand

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Box

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bottle with inlaid decoration of flying cranes and clouds

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Oil bottle

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bowl with inlaid decoration of paired fish

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bottle

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Sorting Activity

Sorting Activity

Let's Take A Closer Look

Elizabeth Anne Cox

close up of pheonix

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Box

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Cup stand close up

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Pear-shaped bottle close up

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Box

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Oil bottle

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Stand

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Looking Back Through History

Elizabeth Anne Cox

demo

Elizabeth Anne Cox

etching samples

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Tile etching example

Elizabeth Anne Cox

etching demo 2

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Sponge wiped underglaze

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Slip Trail Transfer

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Scraffito Tile

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Incising With Pressure

Elizabeth Anne Cox

To Discover Changes

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Part Two Compare

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Corset and Whalebone Scrimshaw Busk

National Museum of American History

Rhythm

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Landscape

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Leather

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Escutcheon

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Spoon Holder

National Museum of American History

Gold Fish

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Scrimshaw Sperm Whale’s Tooth

National Museum of American History

Mirror with dragons

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bird and Berry

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Mat weight (?) in the form of a rabbit

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Etching vs Painting

Elizabeth Anne Cox

(Untitled--Flower Study)

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Pelican with Gull on Head

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Rivina humilis L.

NMNH - Botany Dept.

Bird, Butterfly, and Pear

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Fish and mallow

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Bird 1889 Painting/Photomechanical

National Anthropological Archives

Whippoorwill Flower (Trillium H.)

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Three koi floating

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Hanging scroll

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Art Exercise A

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Art Supplies For Exercise A

Elizabeth Anne Cox

Art Supplies For Exercise A

Elizabeth Anne Cox