Exploring identity - Japan and the Western culture
Using "See, Think, Wonder" and "Parts, Perspective, me", this collection explores how cultural shock influences the way artists see themselves or are perceived by others. The careful analysis of 100 Pounds of Rice by the artist Saeri Kiritani provides an opportunity for students to reflect on the similarities and differences with the novel Fear and Trembling by the Belgian author Amelie Nothomb. It also invites students to reflect on their own cultural identity.
Time- 1 or 2 class periods with optional homework and extension activities
- How do art and literature shape our understanding of cultures?
- What kind of knowledge about a literary text and about art do we gain when we compare and contrast them?
- How does language in art and literature represent cultural distinctions and identities?
In Fear and trembling, Amélie, who is the main character of this autobiographical novel, shares her struggles as a foreign employee in a big Japanese corporation where she is confronted with Japanese protocols and habits that are culturally new to her. In her story, Japanese culture is exposed through a foreign perspective. The aim of the collection is to bring a different perspective to our study, these of a Japanese women living in the US, in order to build a better intercultural understanding of the Japanese culture.
Students have read the novel Fear and Trembling and analysed the way Western and Japanese cultures are perceived by the different characters. They have explored how the autobiographical novel offers insights on the Japanese workplace culture and reflected on its limitations (a single story embedded in fiction). This teaching unit can be done without the comparative component of literature. It can also be adapted to any other literary work that explores the topic of identity.
Step 1: Have them do "See, Think, Wonder"individually with 100 Pounds of Rice by Saeri Kiritani. Do not show the caption to students yet. The "See, Think, Wonder" routine is good to help students pay attention to details and unveil the artist's choices. It also encourages them to initiate a first interpretation.
Step 2: Debrief as a whole group- Discuss the self portrait of Saeri Kiritani.
Step 3: Show the Saeri Kiritani 's youtube video
Once students have discussed the sculpture, show them the video and ask them to take notes on the new information the artist provides.
Next, go back and look at the sculpture and see how their understanding has shifted from their initial interpretation.
Step 4: Read the caption
Have students read the caption and answer the questions of the Design Thinking routine "Parts, Perspectives, Me". The routine encourages students to consider the various viewpoints of an object, its users, and stakeholders, and reflect on their own connections and involvement with it. It helps them connect with the perspectives taken in the novel as they are complementary, yet different. It also lead them to reflect on their own identity and prepares them for possible extensions to the activity.
Step 5: Debrief the questions as a group
Day 2 or Homework
Step 6: Have them write an individual synthesis:
- What did I learn about Saeri Kiritani self-portrait? Fear and trembling? Me?
- How do Saeri Kiritani and Amelie Nothomb express how they experience cultural differences?
- What are the similarity and differences between them? How does it impact your understanding?
Step 7: Debrief in pair or small group, then as a whole group
Step 1 - Once they have completed these activities, ask them:
- What material or fabric would better represent who you are? Why?
- What part of you would better represent who you are? Why?
Step 2 - Debrief in group - reflect on the idea of cultural stereotypes: what role do cultural stereotypes play in the construction of self-identity? To what extent do cultural stereotypes limit or facilitate self-identification? Identification of others?
Step 3 - Have them sculpt their self-representation with the material of their choice.
Step 4 - Exhibition and presentation of the creative process.
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