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Captains of Industry

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Social Studies +2 Age Levels Elementary (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (13 to 15 years old)
This Collection features images of men who became, "Captains of Industry" in America during the 19th Century.
Some of these men you may be able to identify immediately and others you may not. Your challenge is to write 5-7 sentence about each man. Identify the industry to which each man is associated, the dates of his reign, net worth, and other interesting details.
Lesson variation: Discuss the term, "robber baron" with students and why or why not that term applies to each man pictured in this Collection.
Lesson extension: Have students identify 10 "Captains of Industry" in America today - Who are they? To which industry are they associates? What is their net worth? Are they considered to be modern-day robber barons? Why or why not?

Andrew Carnegie

National Portrait Gallery

Henry Clay Frick [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum

Charles Schwab

National Portrait Gallery

John D. Rockefeller, Sr.

National Portrait Gallery

Cornelius Vanderbilt

National Portrait Gallery

J.P. Morgan

National Portrait Gallery

John Jacob Astor

National Portrait Gallery

Andrew Mellon [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum

James Buchanan Duke

National Portrait Gallery

James Fisk

National Portrait Gallery

Charles Tyson Yerkes

National Portrait Gallery