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Breaking Barriers: United Farm Workers

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Language Arts And English +4 Age Levels Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old)

This collection brings together EDSITEment and Smithsonian resources to support the initial research into a project for National History Day 2020, "Breaking Barriers in History."

These resources—including photographs, objects, portraits, lesson plans, and articles—explore how the United Farm Workers, and leaders Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Larry Itliong, organized for worker and civil rights during the 1960s and 70s. Resources address how groups and individuals sought to bring attention to the mistreatment of farmers—particularly Chicano and Filipino workers—the barriers they sought to break, and the reforms they fought to establish through artistic expression, as well as organized boycotts and strikes. The second resource of this collection contains questions to help with the analysis of a chosen topic alongside photograph, document, artwork, portrait, and object resources. 

By no means is this collection comprehensive; instead, it provides a launching point for further research.

This collection was created in collaboration with the Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access.

Share your National History Day collections and let us know what you think! Write to us on Twitter: @EDSITEment and @SmithsonianLab, #NHD2020. If you publish a collection on your National History Day topic, be sure to enter #NHD2020 in the description!

Tags: UFW, Latino, Hispanic, California, Fred Ross, art, grapes, lettuce, farmers, immigration, citizenship, labor, laborers, workers, unions, protest, twentieth century, 20th, #NHD

La Causa: The Delano Grape Strike (part 1)

National Museum of American History

La Causa: The Delano Grape Strike (part 2)

National Museum of American History

Azada de Mango Corto

National Museum of American History

Braceros Working with Short-Handled Hoes

National Museum of American History

Braceros Waiting at Processing Center

National Museum of American History

Braceros

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Guiding Questions

Tess Porter

Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta, Portrait in Minute

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Fred Ross and Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta speaking at a rally

National Portrait Gallery

Guiding Questions

Tess Porter

Guiding Questions

Tess Porter

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

United Farmworkers Poster

National Museum of American History

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

Cesar Chavez's Union Jacket

National Museum of American History

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

César Chávez at Safeway Boycott in Los Angeles

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Beneficio Para Los Heulgistas de Cesar Chavez

National Museum of American History

Wanted! by Cesar Chavez

National Museum of American History

Guiding Questions

Tess Porter

Boycott Grapes Protest Button

National Museum of American History

Boycott Lettuce Protest Button

National Museum of American History

Boycott National

National Museum of American History

Poster, Si Se Puede Boycott Lettuce and Grapes

National Museum of American History

Cookbook for Protestors, 1970s

National Museum of American History

Teatro Campesino Poster

National Museum of American History

El Teatro Campesino Fundraiser

Archives of American Art

Farm Workers' Altar

Smithsonian American Art Museum

The Return to Aztlan

National Portrait Gallery

El Teatro campesino, viva la huelga!

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Huelga / No Violencia / En Salinas

National Museum of American History

Farmworks Strike To Save Their Union

National Museum of American History