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Breaking Barriers: United Farm Workers

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Social Studies +1 Age Levels Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old)

This collection brings together EDSITEment and Smithsonian resources to support the initial research into a project for National History Day 2020, "Breaking Barriers in History."

These resources - including photographs, objects, portraits, lesson plans, and articles - explore how the United Farm Workers, and leaders Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Larry Itliong, organized for worker and civil rights during the 1960s and 70s. Resources address how groups and individuals sought to bring attention to the mistreatment of farmers--particularly Chicano and Philipino workers--the barriers they sought to break, and the reforms they fought to establish through artistic expression, as well as organized boycotts and strikes. The second tile of this collection contains questions to help with the analysis of photograph, document, artwork, portrait, and object resources. 

By no means is this collection comprehensive; instead, it provides a launching point for further research.

This collection was created in collaboration with Tess Porter, Digital Content Producer at the Smithsonian Center for Learning and Digital Access.

Share your National History Day collections and let us know what you think! Write to us on Twitter: @EDSITEment & @SmithsonianLab, #NHD2020. If you publish a collection on your National History Day topic, be sure to enter #NHD2020 in the description!

Tags: United Farm Workers, Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, Larry Itliong, civil rights, Chicano, Latino, Hispanic, California, Fred Ross, Philipino, art, grapes, farmers, immigration, citizenship, labor, workers, unions, strike, boycott, protest, #NHD2020

La Causa: The Delano Grape Strike (part 1)

National Museum of American History

La Causa: The Delano Grape Strike (part 2)

National Museum of American History

Azada de Mango Corto

National Museum of American History

Braceros Working with Short-Handled Hoes

National Museum of American History

Braceros Waiting at Processing Center

National Museum of American History

Braceros

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta, Portrait in Minute

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Fred Ross and Dolores Huerta

National Portrait Gallery

Dolores Huerta speaking at a rally

National Portrait Gallery

Journey for Justice: An Interview with Gayle Romasanta

Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

United Farmworkers Poster

National Museum of American History

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

Cesar Chavez's Union Jacket

National Museum of American History

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

César Chávez at Safeway Boycott in Los Angeles

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Making Music for the March: Agustín Lira on César Chávez

Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage

Boycott Grapes Protest Button

National Museum of American History

Boycott Lettuce Protest Button

National Museum of American History

Boycott National

National Museum of American History

Poster, Si Se Puede Boycott Lettuce and Grapes

National Museum of American History

Cookbook for Protestors, 1970s

National Museum of American History

Teatro Campesino Poster

National Museum of American History

El Teatro Campesino Fundraiser

Archives of American Art

Farm Workers' Altar

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Guerra, from Méchicano 1977 Calendario

Smithsonian American Art Museum

The Return to Aztlan

National Portrait Gallery