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AMERICAN EXPERIMENTS Head to Head: History Makers

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Civics +5 Age Levels Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old)

This collection contains supplemental artifacts and resources for Head to Head: History Makers, part of the American Experiments suite of educational resources from the National Museum of American History.  

These interactive resources and games challenge students to think about their roles and responsibilities within their democracy. Head to Head invites students to think deeply about how American history has been shaped by in innumerable ways by people in different eras and from diverse backgrounds. The learning begins with the guiding question: Who changed America more?

Visit Smithsonian's History Explorer to learn more! 

We the People

National Portrait Gallery

Student Protest T-Shirt

National Museum of American History

Prince's Yellow Cloud Electric Guitar

National Museum of American History

Dynatac Cellular Telephone

National Museum of American History

Martin Luther King, Jr.

NMAH Education

Martin Luther King Jr.

National Museum of American History

Pinback button of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Pin-back button for the 1963 March on Washington

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Martin Luther King, Jr.

National Portrait Gallery

Eleanor Roosevelt

NMAH Education

Eleanor Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

5c Eleanor Roosevelt single

National Postal Museum

Eleanor Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

Eleanor Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

Abraham Lincoln

NMAH Education

Portrait of Abraham Lincoln

National Museum of American History

Abraham Lincoln's Watch, around 1858

National Museum of American History

Election Poster, 1864

National Museum of American History

Paper Banner, around 1863

National Museum of American History

George Washington

NMAH Education

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington's Uniform

National Museum of American History

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

Walt Disney

NMAH Education

Walt Disney

National Portrait Gallery

Walt Disney

National Portrait Gallery

Steamboat Willie animation cel

National Museum of American History

Mickey Mouse Cap

National Museum of American History

Margaret Sanger

NMAH Education

Margaret Higgins Sanger

National Portrait Gallery

Margaret Sanger

National Portrait Gallery

Franklin D. Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

Banner, FDR for President

National Museum of American History

Franklin D. Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

Clara Barton

NMAH Education

Clara Barton

National Portrait Gallery

3c Clara Barton single

National Postal Museum

Official Business cover

National Postal Museum

Cesar Chavez

NMAH Education

César Chávez

National Portrait Gallery

Poster, Si Se Puede Boycott Lettuce and Grapes

National Museum of American History

Cesar Chavez's Union Jacket

National Museum of American History

Poster, United Farm Workers

National Museum of American History

Oprah Winfrey

NMAH Education

Oprah Winfrey

National Portrait Gallery

Oprah Winfrey

National Portrait Gallery

Couch from the set of The Oprah Winfrey Show in Harpo Studios

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Green coat worn by Oprah Winfrey as Sofia in The Color Purple

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Jackie Robinson

NMAH Education

Jackie Robinson

National Portrait Gallery

Photograph of Jackie Robinson and Roy Campanella with Brooklyn Dodger teammates

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Jackie Robinson

National Portrait Gallery

Untitled

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Albert Einstein

NMAH Education

Albert Einstein

National Portrait Gallery

Harriet Tubman

NMAH Education

Harriet Tubman

National Portrait Gallery

Silk lace and linen shawl given to Harriet Tubman by Queen Victoria

National Museum of African American History and Culture

In Harriet Tubman I helped hundreds to freedom

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Harriet Tubman

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Yo-Yo Ma

NMAH Education

Yo Yo Ma

National Portrait Gallery

Rosa Parks

NMAH Education

Rosa Parks

National Portrait Gallery

Rosa Parks

National Portrait Gallery

Rosa Parks

National Portrait Gallery

Steve Jobs

NMAH Education

Steve Jobs

National Portrait Gallery

Steve Jobs

National Portrait Gallery

Steve Jobs

National Portrait Gallery

Steve Jobs

National Portrait Gallery

Celia Cruz

NMAH Education

Who Was Celia Cruz?

Smithsonian Music

Dress worn by Celia Cruz

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Celia Cruz: Queen of Salsa

National Museum of American History

Azucar! The Life and Music of Celia Cruz: Printable Exhibition

SI Center for Learning and Digital Access

The Wright Brothers

NMAH Education

1903 Wright Flyer

National Air and Space Museum

Muhammad Ali

NMAH Education

Poster for voting rights featuring Muhammad Ali

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Boxing robe worn by Muhammad Ali

National Museum of American History

Photographic print of Muhammad Ali at the 1996 Olympic Opening Ceremony

National Museum of African American History and Culture

John Deere

NMAH Education

John Deere Plow

National Museum of American History

John Deere Model D Tractor

National Museum of American History

Happy Birthday, John Deere!

Smithsonian Magazine

Alexander Hamilton

NMAH Education

Alexander Hamilton

National Portrait Gallery

3c Alexander Hamilton single

National Postal Museum

Diane Nash

NMAH Education

Diane Nash on Civic Responsibility

National Museum of American History

37c 1961 Freedom Riders single

National Postal Museum

Henry Ford

NMAH Education

12c Henry Ford single

National Postal Museum

Henry Ford

National Portrait Gallery

Henry Ford

National Portrait Gallery

Neil Armstrong

NMAH Education

Neil Armstrong

National Portrait Gallery

Neil Armstrong

National Portrait Gallery

Medal, Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong

National Air and Space Museum

One Small Step

National Air and Space Museum

Robert E. Lee

NMAH Education

Robert E. Lee

National Portrait Gallery

Robert E. Lee

National Portrait Gallery

Robert E. Lee

National Portrait Gallery

30c Robert E. Lee single

National Postal Museum

Robert Oppenheimer

NMAH Education

J. Robert Oppenheimer

National Portrait Gallery

J. Robert Oppenheimer

National Portrait Gallery

J. Robert Oppenheimer

National Portrait Gallery

Ronald Reagan

NMAH Education

Ronald Reagan

National Portrait Gallery

Ronald Reagan

National Portrait Gallery

Ronald Reagan

National Portrait Gallery

Ronald Reagan and Yuri Andropov

National Portrait Gallery

Sacagawea

NMAH Education

29c Sacagawea mini sheet single

National Postal Museum

Corps of Discovery, (sculpture)

Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums

Women on money

National Museum of American History

3c Lewis & Clark Expedition single

National Postal Museum

Sacagawea, (sculpture)

Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums

Susan B. Anthony

NMAH Education

Susan B. Anthony

National Portrait Gallery

Susan B. Anthony’s Shawl

National Museum of American History

Susan B. Anthony’s Gavel, 1888

National Museum of American History

Susan B. Anthony Inkstand

National Museum of American History

Theodore Roosevelt

NMAH Education

Theodore Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

Theodore Roosevelt

National Portrait Gallery

4c Forest Conservation single

National Postal Museum

Teddy Bear

National Museum of American History

Thomas Edison

NMAH Education

Thomas Alva Edison

National Portrait Gallery

Thomas Alva Edison

National Portrait Gallery

3c Thomas A. Edison single

National Postal Museum

Edison "New Year's Eve" Lamp

National Museum of American History

Thomas Jeffeson

NMAH Education

Thomas Jefferson

National Portrait Gallery

4c Thomas Jefferson Quote single

National Postal Museum