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America and the Holocaust

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Social Studies +3 Age Levels Elementary (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (13 to 15 years old), High School (16 to 18 years old), Post-Secondary, Adults

This collection addresses the issue of antisemitism in the United States leading up to and during the Holocaust.  Anti semitism was displayed in America through cartoons, preferences of American citizens, discriminatory policies, as well as support for the Nazi party. There was anti semitism present throughout America, and such anti semitism became obvious through a lack of action during the Holocaust.  Juxtaposed against this striking anti semitism are the American people and groups that worked to help Jews and fought for their equality.  Despite the inaction promoted through anti semitism, many groups did work against discrimination and the Nazi goal.

Antisemitic nursery rhyme

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Anti Semitic Letter

tenant of Selig Pomerantz

Anti-Nazi March

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park

Dorothy Thompson

Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Charles Coughlin Propaganda

US Holocaust Memorial Museum

Breckinridge Long Memo

National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD

Letter from Martha Sharp

Facing History and Ourselves

Poster advertising Varian Fry

American Holocaust Museum

Rabbis' March 1943

Thomas D. McAvoy/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

Flier to oppose antisemitism

Communist Party of Boston

Patton Letter

The Jewish Press

American Friends Service Committee Patch

American Friends Service Committee Patch

America First License Plate

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, The Leonard and Evelyn Lauder Acquisition Fund

Ruth Engelhardt

International Center of Photography

Treasury Department Report to FDR

US Holocaust Memorial Museum