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1875 Civil Rights Movement

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Social Studies Age Level N/A

This Collection has some of the minor and major things that had to do with the 1875 Civil Rights Movement. It was big part of the Reconstruction Era, although failed to succeed as an effective "constitutional" law until 1964. So what do you do if your nation just fought and killed off over half a million soldiers of their own and demolished each other as best as they could which almost cause the whole nation to split into two different counties, along side that the President was recently assassinated? Easy. Well you try and fix it. The diverse difference in belief of rights between the union and confederate states made it a difficult adjustment to unite as one nation without more conflict after the Civil War. After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, Vice President Andrew Johnson took over. Although Johnson was a southerner himself and was a racist bastard, he attempted to reconstruct the south and build “equal” AGAIN I SAY EQUAL rights for blacks. By that I mean putting only white people in the “reconstructed” governments. He gave no land to the black people, and lacked on protecting and proceeding their civil right laws. Anyways.. There was obviously a lot of conflict between the two races over land and just straight up discrimination all over the place. In response to this they tried to reconstruct a civil rights act multiple times, which leads me to the Civil Rights Act of 1875.  The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was signed by President Ulysses S. Grant to protect all citizens and their civil and legal rights, which outlawed segregation by giving everyone equal access to public places. Grant signed it as a federal law. If you did not obey this law, the consequences varied from being put in jail for 30 days or paying a fine of $500-$1000 dollars while being trailed at the Supreme Court. It was an extremely controversial topic. The Southern states did not obeyed by it. When the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was passed was believed to be supported under the 13th and 14th Amendments. (13th Amendment- prohibits slavery, 14th Amendment- all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American including African Americans). Pretty much the law just fell apart over time. It was declared by the Supreme Court unconstitutional in 1883. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last attempt of the government to create a successful Civil Rights Movement until the year of 1965.