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Smithsonian Libraries
Description based on: Vol. 28, no. 1 (Nov. 1916); title from cover.


Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden


Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Circular form; grey ground; center of plated decorated with stylized landscape showing sailboat on lake, in gray tones, black and light blue; low, flat rim decorated with wedge-shaped sections of fine black lines alternating with small black-and-light blue arches.

travel pouch

National Museum of American History

trunk, travel

National Museum of American History

Travel iron

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Travel Air D4D

National Air and Space Museum
Three-place, open-cockpit biplane with red, white and blue paint scheme. Wright J-6-7 (Wright R-760-ET), 240 hp engine.

From 1931 to 1953, Andy Stinis performed skywriting in this airplane for Pepsi-Cola. During those years, skywriting with smoke was a premier form of advertising, and Pepsi-Cola used it more than any other company. Pepsi-Cola acquired the airplane in 1973 and used it for air show and advertising duty until retiring it in 2000. Peggy Davies and Suzanne Oliver, the world's only active female skywriters since 1977, performed in it.

The Pepsi Skywriter is one of more than 1,200 Travel Air open-cockpit biplanes built between 1925 and 1930. Popular and rugged, Travel Airs earned their keep as utility workhorses and record breakers. The design was the first success for three giants of the general aviation industry, Lloyd Stearman, Walter Beech, and Clyde Cessna, who in 1925 established the Travel Air Manufacturing Company in Wichita, Kansas.

The Pepsi Skywriter is one of more than 1,200 Travel Air open-cockpit biplanes built between 1925 and 1930. Travel Airs were popular and rugged aircraft that earned their keep as utility and record-breaking workhorses and saw service around the country as crop dusters, barnstormers, and as private planes for the sportsman pilot. For 40 years, pilots flew the Pepsi Skywriter across the United States for the Pepsi-Cola Company delivering a unique form of advertising known as skywriting.

Three future giants in the aircraft industry, Lloyd Stearman, Walter Beech, and Clyde Cessna, came together as young aviation enthusiasts in Wichita, Kansas, to build the Travel Air. During 1923 and 1924, Stearman and Beech worked at the Swallow Aeroplane Manufacturing Company as chief designer and vice president/test pilot respectively. The Swallow aircraft met with success, but Stearman and Beech lobbied to try a design with a steel tube, instead of wood, framework. When management declined, Stearman, Beech, and William Snook left Swallow to start their own company, and brought in Clyde Cessna, a successful farmer who liked to build airplanes. They incorporated the Travel Air Manufacturing Company in January 1925 and immediately designed a three-place, open-cockpit, fabric-covered biplane with a Curtiss OX-5 90 hp engine. Stearman had the steel for the tubing tested to his satisfaction at the Agronomy Department at Kansas State Agricultural College, as there were no aviation standards yet in place. Steel tubing braced the cockpit and steel wires braced the fabric-covered spruce spar wings and ribs. Steel was also used for the rudder and elevator leading and trailing edges, and the horizontal stabilizer leading edge, while the vertical stabilizer was spruce. Spruce strips were used to fair the outside of the fuselage and the turtledeck was spruce. Beech wanted redundant control cables running from the cockpit back to two elevators control horns. The landing gear was a standard duralumin speader bar between vees with bungee shockcords.

Travel Air #1 had a striking look with its fully enclosed cowling for the OX-5 engine, balanced ailerons on the upper wing that overlapped around the edge of the wing, and a blue fuselage with silver wings. Ira Beach made the first test flight on March 13, 1925. Travel Airs performed well in the 1925 Ford Reliability Tour and National Air Transport purchased a Model B for its airmail contract work. OX-5 A and B models became Model 2000s in March 1928 with ATC number 30. The Wright J-4 and J-5, significant radial engines that dramatically improved the performance and reliability of aircraft, were then offered on the airframe and, after 1928, those aircraft became the Model 4000. The 4000 found popularity with better performance and versatility through a wide variety of engine, wing, passenger seat, and landing gear combinations. The Speed wing, for example, was a shorter wing with a new airfoil that made the aircraft faster and required a recertification of the airplane to a D-4000. Ted Wells, later the designer of Beech's Staggerwing, owned the first D-4000 that also sported the first NACA cowl built by Travel Air. By early 1927, both Stearman and Cessna had left Travel Air, leaving Walter Beech in charge, and the newest Travel Air was a cabin monoplane. In 1929, Beech allowed the large Curtiss-Wright Company to absorb the company as a division, but it could not survive the depression, and closed in September 1932.

In 1929, NC434N, serial number 1340, was built as an E-4000, meaning it had a J-6-5 engine and most likely B wings (not the original "elephant ear wing). The D4D model officially arrived in February 1930 with a Wright J-6-7 (Wright R-760-ET) 240 hp engine (the second "D" in D4D) that improved the cruising speed to 110 mph with a range of 520 miles, and the aircraft's ceiling rose to 14,000 feet. N434N received the Speed wings and J-6-7 engine in 1930 and was recertificated as a D4D. Andy Stinis, of the Skywriting Corporation of America, purchased the aircraft in 1931 and flew it out of Floyd Bennett Field, Long Island, New York.

Skywriting, defined as the process of writing a name or message with smoke from an aircraft against a blue sky, began in England after World War I, the brainchild of Major John C. Savage, RAF. His first successful demonstration was at the Derby at Epsom Downs, in May 1922, when Captain Cyril Turner wrote "Daily Mail" above the track. Turner then came to the United States in October 1922 and wrote "Hello U.S.A." above New York City. Allan J. Cameron, along with Leroy Van Patten established the Skywriting Corporation of America at Curtiss Field, an American branch of the Savage's original company. They acquired the patents for mixing the writing gas the United States, and, although it was nothing more than light oil fed through the exhaust system, they controlled the market for years. In 1923, using the Skywriting Corporation, the American Tobacco Company launched the first and very successful skywriting advertising campaign for Lucky Strike cigarettes. Pepsi-Cola Corporation became one of the longest-running contractors of skywriting; in the late 1930s and mid 1940s, it contracted or owned a total of 14 aircraft. In 1940 alone, it contracted for 2,225 writings over 48 states. Andy Stinis flew for Pepsi-Cola from 1931 to 1953.

In 1973 Alan Pottasch and Jack Strayer of Pepsi began a search for old skywriters and found N434N still with Andy Stinis. They intended to display it at the Pepsi corporate headquarters in Purchase, New York, however, Strayer, a former skywriter, soon persuaded Pepsi to install navigation and communications equipment and tour it once again. In 1977, Strayer hired Peggy Davies as a second pilot and then, in 1980, when Davies became a Pepsi corporate pilot, Strayer hired Suzanne Asbury. Pepsi also gave the aircraft a bright red, white, and blue paint scheme. Strayer died in 1981 and, in 1982, Steve Oliver joined Asbury as a second pilot for the Pepsi aircraft fleet that included N434P, another 1929 Travel Air. In 2000, Suzanne and Steve Oliver suggested that the aircraft should be retired for safety's sake, and Pepsi-Cola Company donated it to the National Air and Space Museum. The Pepsi Skywriter is currently displayed at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Dulles Airport.

Travel Tips

Smithsonian Magazine

To follow in the footprints of a trekking camel in the Australian outback, here's what you'll need to get started. Our author, Derek Grzelewski, chose the Outback Camel Company for its authentic trekking and its promise of an "off-the-beaten-track" experience. Other outfitters are also available, as is a selection of book recommendations.

Outback Camel Company (OCC); 1st floor 132 Wickham Street; P.O. Box 132; Fortitude Valley, Queensland 4006 Australia; Tel: 61-7-3854-1022; Fax: 61-7-3854-1079; e-mail

Depending on the exchange rate, OCC prices range from about $600 for an easy six-day trek to $2,000 for a challenging 27-day expedition. You'll need to be in reasonably good shape, as the average distance walked each day is five to eight miles. Treks vary in duration, amount of participation and route. These treks are for self-reliant travelers, as there are no backup support vehicles. You'll sleep in a "swag" under the stars, cook in camp-ovens and woks on open fires, and go the distance without showers or toilets.

Getting There:
OCC treks leave from Alice Springs, Adelaide and Brisbane.

When to Travel:
The best time for camel trekking is April to November.

Your passport must be valid for at least six months after you depart Australia. You will also need an Australian visa, or Electronic Travel Authority, and documentation of your return trip, e.g., your airline ticket. OCC requires that you purchase a travel insurance plan that includes emergency evacuation coverage. Vaccinations aren't required, but for peace of mind you might want to get a hepatitis A vaccination and update your tetanus. Visit U.S. Customs online for more information.

Welfare of the Animals:
Andrew Harper, owner of OCC, says "camels are such strong, independent creatures that they cannot be 'broken' like horses. If they don't want to work, they don't." He adds that there are so many camels in Australia that a noncooperative animal is easily replaced, and that crew members who mishandle the animals are not tolerated.

What Is a Swag?
Imagine that you have a standard, single-bed mattress. Wrap the mattress in canvas and put a zipper down one side and along the bottom. Put a pillow inside, followed by a blanket or two. Or perhaps you replace the blankets with a sleeping bag. You now have your swag. Modern swags are made of canvas and come in all different shapes and sizes. So the swag contains your sleeping bag, teddy bear, pajamas or whatever else you want to put in it. OCC provides trekkers with swags that come with built-in fly nets.

What to Pack:
There's limited storage space on the back of a camel. You'll pack a small kit bag, or day pack, which OCC provides, with your personal gear. Excess gear can be left at the in-town hotel before the trek. It's recommended that you bring twice as much film as you think you'll need, and a large tub of baby wipes. A broad-brimmed hat, sturdy trekking boots, sunscreen and insect repellent are essential. A warm jacket and a good quality sleeping bag (to slip inside your swag) are also recommended, as temperatures can drop to 20 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Average daytime temperatures are about 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

The crew brings along guidebooks on birds, animal tracks and droppings, mammals, trees, insects, reptiles and stars, so you might just pack one good novel.

Tipping is not customary in Australia, but the crew will appreciate knowing how much you enjoyed the trip. You might offer money, T-shirts or chocolate, or even send them a small collection of photographs from your trip.

Feeding the Animals:
Camels are partial to orange peels and candy. Their chief source of protein is the scrub and vegetation along the way. The crew won't mind if you feed the camels scraps from your plate, but they don't recommend your bringing along bags of treats.

Oudoo, Ibna, Hoosh and Steady are the anglicized Arabic commands that you say to a camel if you want it to stop, get up and go, lie down, or go easy. There are plenty of Australian outfitters offering camel rides on the beach or from hotel to restaurant. So if you've got the notion, here are a selection of Australian outfitters. Keep in mind that camel outfitters usually operate during the cooler months of the year, April through November.

Outback Trekking:
Outback Camel Company (leaving from Alice Springs, Adelaide and Brisbane) P.O. Box 132, Fortitude Valley, Queensland 4006; Tel: 61-7-3854-1022

Silverton, New South Wales
Silverton Camel Farm Contact: Harold Cannard; Tel: 61-8-8088-5316; e-mail:

Mansfield, Victoria High Country Camel Treks Rifle Butts Road, P.O. Box 642, Mansfield, Victoria 3722; Tel: 61-3-5775-1591; Fax: 61-3-5775-1591

Coober Pedy, South Australia
Coward Springs Campground P.O. Box 20, Coober Pedy 5723, South Australia; Tel: 61-8-8675-8336 (from April to October), 61-8-8559-6144 (from November to March); e-mail:

Explore the Outback P.M.B. 118 William Creek, via Port Augusta, 5710 South Australia; Tel: 61-8-8672-3968; Fax: 61-8-8672-3990; e-mail:

Waikerie, South Australia
The Bush Safari Company P.M.B. 53 Waikerie, South Australia, 5343; Tel: 61-8-8543-2280; Fax: 61-8-8543-2290; e-mail:

Alice Springs, Northern Territory
Alice Springs Camel Outback Safaris N.T. P.M.B. 74, Stuarts Well, Northern Territory; Tel: 61-8-8956-0925; Fax: 61-8-8956-0909; e-mail:

Frontier Camel Tours Pty. Ltd. Alice Springs location: Ross River Highway, P.O. Box 2836, Alice Springs, Northern Territory 0871; Tel: 61-8-8953-0444; Fax: 61-8-8955-5015; e-mail:; e-mail for Ayers Rock location:

Broome, Western Australia
Kimberley Camel Safaris & Bushwalks P.O. Box 2509, Broome, 6725 Western Australia; e-mail:

Perth, Western Australia
Cameleer Park Camel Farm c/o The Stables Yanchep, on Yanchep Beach Road off Wannaroo Road, Yanchep; Tel: 61-5-0056-1160; Fax: 61-8-9561-2090; e-mail:

Calamunnda Camel Farm P.O. Box 552, Kalamunda, Western Australia, 6076; Tel/Fax: 61-8-9293-1156

Travel Tips

Smithsonian Magazine

Above all, avoid rushing. "Do all your work as though you had 1000 years to live, and as you would if you knew you would die tomorrow," said Mother Ann, and generations of Shakers sought to experience each moment as the sacred gift of life that it is. Visit if you can in a spirit of contemplation. These were places where life and work were sacred, where souls found respite from the ragged edges of commercialism and industrialism.
-June Sprigg, scholar of American shaker culture

Heaven and Earth are threads of one loom"

Follow us on a virtual tour of the Shaker communities visited by our authors. As we make our way eastward from the Hudson Valley, through the Berkshires, and northward into Maine, we'll encounter a museum and five quaint Shaker communities within a four- to five-hour drive of each other. Our guest curator, June Sprigg, will provide colorful insight into what you can expect to see at each site. We'll take you first to Watervliet, New York, near Albany, the first Shaker settlement in America. Close by is Old Chatham, never a Shaker community, but one of the best Shaker museums you'll find. Then, farther east, off Route 20, is Mount Lebanon, at one time the Central Ministry for the whole Shaker society. At the junction of Routes 20 and 41, in western Massachusetts, is Hancock, the site of the Round Stone Barn, one of the most unusual agricultural buildings anywhere. A couple of hours northeastward, off Interstate 93, is Canterbury, a National Historic Landmark, with its homey Creamery Restaurant. Farther north in Maine, on State Route 26, is Sabbathday Lake, the home of the last eight Shakers.

 Modern visitors to Shaker villages will enjoy knowing that they are just the most recent among many thousands of travelers—both Shakers and the "world's people"—to the same destinations for more than 200 years. From the early 19th century, and for most of their history, Shakers welcomed visitors to their neat, productive homes. It was the best way to show the world that their way of life was peaceful, successful and just maybe the answer for some of those pilgrims—after all, the celibate Shakers depended entirely on converts to keep their societies alive. Nineteenth-century tourists, from Charles Dickens to Nathaniel Hawthorne, came to see what was what, buy a souvenir (useful, of course) in the shops, tour the facilities and perhaps have a meal—just like you! The highlight of any visit was the Sunday public worship service, where lines of dancing Shakers astonished visitors quite unused to seeing anything so unconventional, so active (and, thought many, so unseemly) in church.

If you travel to a Shaker village today, don't be disappointed if those dancing Shakers linger only in spirit. Only one Shaker village remains as a living community, in Sabbathday Lake, Maine, where a small but energetic group combine the traditions of their heritage with the practical amenities of the 21st century. Many of the other sites are now museums. But the modern traveler with an interest in authenticity will appreciate that these villages are made of buildings erected by their original inhabitants in situ. These are not museum villages assembled of structures from here and there by 20th-century collectors, like a life-size toy village under the Christmas tree, but authentic artifacts of another time and place.
- June Sprigg

Where It All Began:
Shaker Heritage Society, Watervliet, New York

"We'll make you kindly welcome."

The community at Watervliet, on the outskirts of Albany, always remained dear to Shakers' hearts because it was the first communal home in America of Mother Ann Lee and her intrepid little band of followers, who settled here during the winter of 1775-76 and built the first communal dwelling house in 1779. Mother Ann did not live long in her new home, which proved to be less of a haven from religious persecution than she had hoped, but the knowledge that she had lived there made Watervliet especially meaningful for Shakers. Like them, you can pay a call to her grave, marked with a simple headstone (unlike them, you may have to overlook the noise of the crowd from a nearby baseball stadium or the roar of a jet from Albany's airport.) Today, Watervliet offers visitors exhibits in the restored meetinghouse. The rest of the property has been a state residence for many decades.
- June Sprigg

Hours and Admission:
Open year-round Tuesday through Saturday, 9:30 A.M. to 4 P.M., except the first two weeks of January. Guided tours on Saturdays, June through October, at 11:30 A.M. and 1:30 P.M. Admission is $3; children under 12 are free.

Directions to the Village:
From Exit 4 of the Northway (I-87), go west 1.3 miles on Albany Shaker Road (Route 151). At the stop sign, proceed straight into the grounds of the Ann Lee Home. The second building on your right is the Shaker Meeting House.

A Cornucopia of Shakerdom
Old Chatham, New York

"Trifles make perfection, but perfection itself is no trifle."
Phrase used by the Shakers, attributed to Michelangelo

The Shaker Museum and Library, in Old Chatham, New York, was never a Shaker village site, but it remains one of the premier collections of Shaker artifacts and boasts an outstanding library for scholars. You can pore over magnificent specimens of some of the best Shaker handiwork in existence—oval boxes, furniture, baskets, textiles and thousands of tools.
- June Sprigg

Shaker Museum and Library
88 Shaker Museum Road
Old Chatham, New York 12136
Telephone: (518) 794-9100, ext. 100
Fax: (518) 794-8621

Hours and Admissions:
Open late April to late October, 10 A.M. to 5 P.M. daily, except Tuesdays. Admission: adults, $8, seniors, $6, children (8 to 17), $4.

Directions to the Museum:
The Shaker Museum is located just minutes from the Taconic Parkway and the New York State Thruway, one mile south of Old Chatham, off County Route 13, on Shaker Museum Road.

  • From New York City: Take Taconic Parkway north to the Route 295 exit and then make a right on Route 295. Make a left at the East Chatham post office. In Old Chatham follow County Route 13 one mile south to Shaker Museum Road.
  • From Albany and the New York Thruway: Take Interstate 90 to Exit 11E and then make a right on US 20. Make another right on Route 66 south near Brainard. At Malden Bridge turn left onto Shaker Museum Road.
  • From Boston: Take the Massachusetts Turnpike to the B2 Exit. Make a left onto Route 295 and make another left at the East Chatham post office. In Old Chatham follow County Route 13 one mile south to Shaker Museum Road.

Center of the Shaker World
Mount Lebanon, New York

"Even in what is seen of the eye and heard of the ear, Mt. Lebanon strikes you as a place where it is always Sunday."
A visitor to Mount Lebanon

Mount Lebanon, tucked on the side of the hill that separates New York from New England, occupies one of the most scenic locations in the Northeast. Large, tidy workshops and dwellings still impress the visitor, although they are but a few of the hundreds that once stood in this largest Shaker community. In the village's heyday, 600 Shakers lived and worshiped on its 6,000 acres, until the last of them left Mount Lebanon in 1947. Today, its decades of service as a private high school has inevitably led to the removal of collections and the addition of some modern features, but the great, barrel-vaulted meetinghouse (now the school's library) remains the powerful center of what was Shakerdom's spiritual capital. As you drive or walk through, recall that this was the Holy Mount, home of the revered Father Joseph Meacham and Mother Lucy Wright, Mother Ann's successors, who made Shaker history by sharing the leadership of their community when women in the outside world were chastised for even considering leadership roles. (Around the same time, Abigail Adams asked her husband to "remember the ladies" in forming the new Constitution. John's retort: he and all men had no desire for the "tyranny of the petticoat.")
- June Sprigg

Mount Lebanon Shaker Village
P.O. Box 628
New Lebanon, New York 12125
Telephone: (518) 794-9500;
(Please do not call between October and June.)

Hours and Admission:
Open mid-June to mid-October. Hours are Friday, Saturday and Sunday from 10 A.M. to 5 P.M. Tours are given during regular village hours or by calling for an appointment, (518) 794-9500. Please call at least two full weeks before you plan to visit. Admission is $5 for adults, $4.50 for seniors (60 and up), $2 for children (under 16), $10 for families (two adults, two children).

Directions to Mount Lebanon:
Mount Lebanon is located on Route 20 in New Lebanon, New York, 11 miles west of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and 27 miles east of the state capital, Albany. Driving time from either New York City or Boston is under three hours. The village is minutes from both the restored Shaker Village at Hancock, Massachusetts, and the Shaker Museum at Old Chatham, New York.

Home of the Round Stone Barn
Hancock, Massachusetts

"We have given you the gospel;—see to it, that you keep it, and make a good use of it."
Father James Whittaker

Hancock Shaker Village, the "City of Peace," lies gathered in a wide valley between Mount Lebanon to the west and the Berkshires to the east. If you drive directly from Mount Lebanon, you will descend into a valley of stunning views. I've always suspected that Hancock's proximity to Mount Lebanon was a mixed blessing—Shaker visitors and visitors from the world tended to skip quickly past Hancock's Round Stone Barn to see the larger and more important Holy Mount. Nevertheless, the Round Stone Barn has been attracting tourists since 1826. It is truly one of the glories of Americana. Hancock Shaker Village today is distinguished by about 20 original buildings furnished with one of the best Shaker collections in the world. Hancock also houses the treasured "gift drawings," including the famous Tree of Life by Sister Hannah Cohoon, although the fragility of these watercolors keeps them in storage most of the time and visitors must make special arrangements to view them. And don't let the Round Stone Barn cause you to overlook its neighboring 1830 brick dwelling, a beautifully maintained example of Shaker communal architecture filled with period rooms.
- June Sprigg

Hancock Shaker Village
P.O. Box 927
Pittsfield, Massachusetts 01202-0927
Telephone:(413) 443-0188, (800) 817-1137
Fax:(413) 447-9357

Hours and Admission:
Open year-round. Winter hours are 10:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M. daily through May 25, 2001. Admission to the galleries and for the guided tour is $10 for adults (18 and over); children are free. Beginning May 26, 2001, hours are 9:30 A.M. to 5:30 P.M. and admission is $13.50 for adults and $5.50 for children (ages 6 to 17); children under 6 are free. The family rate of $33 is for two adults and any number of children under age 19. The village is closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas Day and New Year's Day.

Center for Shaker Studies:
Built in 2000, the Center for Shaker Studies houses visitor services, a gallery of Shaker "gift drawings," the Beatrice O. Chace Gallery, featuring changing exhibitions, and the Miller Library (open by appointment).

Upcoming exhibitions at the Chace Gallery include "Inside Outsider Art: Expressions of American Self-Taught Artists" (May 12 through September 13). The Shaker theme of spiritual enlightenment is explored in works by important self-taught American artists, including Howard Finster, Missionary Mary Proctor and Tony Wise.

Directions to the Village:
Hancock Shaker Village is located at the junction of Routes 20 and 41, five miles west of downtown Pittsfield in the Berkshires of western Massachusetts. It is one hour from Albany, New York, and three hours from Boston and New York City.

  • From New York and Albany: Take the New York Thruway (Berkshire Spur) to Route 22 and then go north on Route 22 to Route 295. Take Route 295 east and exit onto Route 41; go north on Route 41.
  • From Boston: Take the Massachusetts Turnpike to Exit 1 and go north on Route 41. From Taconic Parkway: Go east on Route 295 to Route 41 and go north on Route 41. (An alternate exit on the Massachusetts Turnpike is Exit 2 through Lee and then north on Route 20 to Pittsfield and west on Route 20.)
  • Important: Visitors approaching the village from the north via Routes 7 or 22 should note that it cannot be reached via Route 43; visitors should proceed directly to Route 20.

Village With a View
Canterbury, New Hampshire

"She was so neat that she looked as though she had been taken from the bureau drawer."
Elder Henry Blinn's praise of Sister Sarah Ward, Canterbury

The approach to Canterbury, Shakerdom's "city on a hill," remains one of the most beautiful views in existence. Today, Canterbury is lovingly preserved and houses a fine collection of artifacts. Visitors will recognize scenes from Ken Burns' documentary film The Shakers, and although the Shaker Sisters in the film are now gone, the spirit of these lovely ladies remains. You can almost sense the gentle presence of Eldress Bertha Lindsay, the last in the line of the Ministry, the succession of handpicked and most trusted leaders that began with Mother Ann herself. By the way, a young Nathaniel Hawthorne visited Canterbury, too, and was so taken with what he saw and felt (and he thought their cider was great) that he toyed briefly with the notion of becoming Brother Nathaniel. Take time to linger outside the meetinghouse at the top of the hill. The view from here, overlooking miles of field and woodland, is the most peaceful place I know of on earth.
- June Sprigg

Canterbury Shaker Village
288 Shaker Road
Canterbury, New Hampshire 03224
Telephone: 603-783-9511

The Creamery Restaurant:
Located in the village in the dining room of the 1906 creamery, the restaurant offers delicious traditional Shaker lunches and a four-course candlelight dinner on Fridays and Saturdays. Enjoy Shaker-inspired specialties such as iced strawberry soup, spit-roasted leg of lamb sandwiches and blueberry buckle with vanilla sauce.

Hours and Admission:
Open daily May through October, 10 A.M. to 5 P.M. Open weekends only, from 10 A.M. to 5 P.M., during the months of April, November and December. Admission tickets are usually good for two consecutive days, except during special events. Admission is $10 for adults and $5 for children (ages 6 to 15).

The Creamery Restaurant is open on weekends in April, November and December and daily from May through October. Lunch is served from 11:30 A.M. to 2:30 P.M. Candlelight dinner is served promptly at 6:45 P.M., by reservation only. Dinner is available Saturday nights in April and on Friday and Saturday nights from May through December. Please call (603) 783-9511 for reservations.

Workshops and Special Events:
In addition to its daily roster of Shaker craft demonstrations, Canterbury also features special workshops ranging from making Shaker brooms and baskets, and creating herbal first aid kits, to putting up dry-laid stone walls. Workshops are open to many skill levels, and preregistration is required. Fees usually include all materials.

Directions to Canterbury:
Canterbury Shaker Village is located 20 minutes north of Concord, New Hampshire. On Interstate 93, take Exit 18 and follow the signs to the village.

And Then There Were Eight.
.. Sabbathday Lake, Maine

"The hands drop off, but the work goes on."
-Eldress Bertha Lindsay

Sabbathday Lake, Maine, the Shaker community farthest in the east from the Holy Mount, on the frontier, as it were, is plain and sturdy as granite. The village of Sabbathday Lake is perched on a hill, with a fine apple orchard above it and the lake of the same name far below. Here, in Shakerdom's last stand, the Shaker life has survived and even thrived in the 20th century, when almost all other Shaker communities dwindled out of existence. This was the first Shaker village I knew, when as a child on family vacations I bought maple sugar candy in the shop and toured the small museum in the meetinghouse with one of the aged Sisters. Today, the 1794 meetinghouse is one of the treasures of the Shaker architectural and spiritual heritage. It is simultaneously the perfect antique—something fine and useful and beautiful, unchanged from when it was new except by the passage of time—and, more important, the only place on earth where Shaker worship continues. As of old, visitors are still welcome to the services, which now consist primarily of song, prayers and offered testimonials. Visitors in search of the Shaker spirit will perhaps find what they are seeking here as nowhere else.
- June Sprigg

The Shaker Museum (Sabbathday Lake)
707 Shaker Road
New Gloucester, Maine 04260
Telephone: (207) 926-4597.

Hours and Admission:
Open Memorial Day to Columbus Day, Monday through Saturday, 10 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. The introductory tours are $6 for adults, $2 for children under 12; children under 6 are free. The extended tours, which include the herb department, sauce room and spin house, are $7.50 for adults, $2.75 for children under 12; children under 6 are free.

Shaker Library: Open Tuesday through Thursday, 10:00 A.M. to 4:30 P.M., by appointment; Telephone: 207-926-4597; Email:

Directions to Sabbathday Lake:
The Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village is located on Route 26, eight miles north of Gray (Maine Turnpike, Exit 11) and eight miles south of Auburn (Maine Turnpike, Exit 12). The village is situated on both sides of the road on 1,800 acres of rolling farmland and forest. There are 18 buildings set in three parallel rows. Signs direct visitors to either the Shaker store, which is located in the 1816 Trustee's Office, or the Museum Reception Center, which is housed in the 1850 Boy's Shop.

When to Go:
The best times to visit any Shaker site in the East are summer and fall, since winter can make travel tough and many of the sites close or reduce their offerings. Flowers and herb gardens are in bloom in July and August; September offers the best of summer and fall, with a quieter pace than summer vacation time; and fall foliage in October is always worthwhile. Even winter, especially around the holidays, can be special. You take your chances—you may enjoy a glorious blue and white winter day or get pelted with freezing rain in a gray and brown world—but either way, you experience exactly what the Shakers did, blustery, bitter weather. And coming into the kitchen from the cold will warm your heart as it did theirs too.

- June Sprigg

Shaker Heritage Society
Watervliet, New York
1848 Shaker Meeting House, 875 Watervliet-Shaker Road, Suite 2
Albany, New York 12211-1051;
Telephone: (518) 456-7890
Fax: (518) 452-7348

Surface Travel

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Travel diary

Archives of American Art
Diary : 1 v. : handwritten Travel diary with handwritten entries.
Item is scanned selectively.

Travel bureaus

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Design elevation for an office; two figures in front of sign that reads: TRAVEL BUREAUS with green clover with crossed out text: CITIES SERVICE (?).

Air Travel

National Portrait Gallery

Travel Mug

National Museum of American History


National Museum of American History

travel kits, dental

National Museum of American History

clock, travel alarm

National Museum of American History

clock, travel alarm

National Museum of American History

Travel on Credit Pamphlet

National Museum of American History

Elihu Vedder travel diary

Archives of American Art
Diary : 1 v. : handwritten, ill. ; 14 x 09 cm. Vedder's chronicling begins in Cairo, Nov. 25th, 1889, last dated entry (with year) reads "left Rome 23d July 1891."
He describes his travel by boat and documents when he receives correspondence from his wife.
The last pages of the diary have various phrases in transliterated Arabic alongside their English translations, such as "what is it called" and "I want this washed."
Text is interspersed with sketches which depict landscapes, camels, and a ship. Some of the landscapes are captioned: "Meydoum"; "opposite our morning place in Cairo"; "Coptic Naesi near Zowyeh, city of Isis"; and "Balvano."
Tucked into the back of the diary are business cards (including one of John Sargent), and an Italian booklet of the Catholic feast days which Vedder has annotated.

Xanthus Smith travel diary

Archives of American Art
1 diary : handwritten ; 21 x 17 cm Smith's diary from his family's trip to Europe, through England, Wales, Scotland, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands, London, and Paris.
He describes the ship's voyage and their daily activities after arrival, including sightseeing, painting and sketching and saying lessons.
Style of handwriting changes throughout journal.
Written inside back cover: European journal; Xanthus Smith; Rock Hill 1853.

Netherlands travel diary entries

Archives of American Art
Diary : 5 p. : typescript

Typescript, loose leaf diary entries by Baruj Salinas describing his travels in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Entries describe visits to cultural sites and museums, including the Rijkmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, the Rembrandt House Museum, and Anne Frank House.

Japanese travel bag (shingen bukuro)

National Museum of American History

Tawn Men's Travel Kit

National Museum of American History
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