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photograph of george washington

National Museum of American History

photoengraving of george washington

National Museum of American History

Portrait of George Washington

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
Woven portrait of George Washington within an eagle-crested cartouche. Woven, above Washington’s head: FIRST IN WAR_FIRST IN PEACE_AND FIRST IN THE HEARTS OF HIS COUNTRYMEN.

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

Catalog of American Portraits

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery
Indian peace medals are an important part of the history of U.S. presidential portraiture and also an essential element in federal Indian policy. Presented to Native chiefs on such important occasions as the signing of a treaty or a visit to the nation’s capital, the medals gave rank and distinction. Many were passed down from generation to generation.

In the first half of the nineteenth century, the design was determined by the need to win the allegiance of the Indians. Medals contained the likeness of the president on one side and symbols of peace and friendship on the other. Acceptance of a medal signified friendship and loyalty to the United States. By midcentury, the medals encouraged assimilation of Native Americans into American society.

All medals gift of Betty A. and Lloyd G. Schermer

Las medallas de la paz son parte importante de la historia de los retratos presidenciales en Estados Unidos y tuvieron un papel esencial en la política federal hacia los pueblos indígenas. Se obsequiaban a los líderes nativos en ocasiones significativas, como la firma de tratados o visitas a la capital del país, y eran símbolo de rango y distinción. Muchas pasaron de generación en generación.

Durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX, el diseño de las medallas respondía a la necesidad de fomentar la lealtad de los indígenas. Llevaban la imagen del presidente en una cara, y en la otra símbolos de paz y amistad. La aceptación de una medalla significaba amistad y lealtad hacia Estados Unidos. Ya para mediados del siglo, las medallas fomentaban la asimilación de los americanos nativos a la sociedad estadounidense.

Todas las medallas son donación de Betty A. y Lloyd G. Schermer

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington Winter

Catalog of American Portraits

George Washington

Catalog of American Portraits

George Washington

Catalog of American Portraits

George Washington

Catalog of American Portraits

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

Smithsonian American Art Museum

George Washington

National Portrait Gallery
In 1793 Massachusetts artist Edward Savage, who was in London learning various printmaking skills, published a mezzotint engraving of George Washington based on two of his own paintings of the president. That print, and this close variant of it, updated the image of Washington. Dressed in black velvet rather than the usual military uniform, Washington contemplates a plan of the new federal city and the future of the government it was built to accommodate. Here was a statesman, rather than a soldier, a man with age, wisdom, and dignity in his face. Savage's mezzotints and the many other prints copied from them established this image as one of the most popular of Washington's presidential years.

George Washington Rodgers

Smithsonian American Art Museum
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