Found 439 Resources containing: Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)
Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, in charge of First Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler [...] under the direction of the chief of engineers, U.S. Army. Published by authority of [...] the secretary of war in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875. In seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas [...]
In addition to the atlases named, there are "Special maps (not accompanying reports) ... issued from time to time to show the results of some preliminary reconnaissance or of some survey of an area of peculiar interest," and also maps, based on the maps of the Topographical atlas and known as the "Land classification series."
For full contents see National union catalog, pre-1956 imprints, volume 618, pages 531-532.
Also available online.
Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian / in charge of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler ; under the direction of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army ; published by authority of the Honorable the Secretary of War, in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875 ; in seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas
A.A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers until June 1879; succeeded by H.G. Wright.
For full contents see National union catalog, pre-1956 imprints, volume 618, pages 531-532, and the atlas collation by GIlbert Thompson in P.L. Phillips, A list of geographical atlases in the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 1909), pages 705-713.
In addition to the 2 atlases named, maps based on the maps of the Topographical atlas were issued as Land classification series, and special maps (not accompanying reports) showing the results of some preliminary reconnaissance or of some survey of an area of peculiar interest were issued irregularly.
Volume 7 includes 40 vocabularies of Western Indian languages.
Volume 5, Chapter 3 also issued separately as: Report upon the ornithological collections made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874 / by H.W Henshaw.
"Published by authority of ... the Secretary of War in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875."
Errata slip tipped-in following title page to volume 3.
Some volumes published out of numerical order.
"12 photolithographs (heavily retouched), 3 chromolithographs. The photographs are by T.H. O'Sullivan and William Bell. These views, typical of the toned photolithographs published in Government reports, are striking scenes of the Western landscape, translated to this medium with a great deal of graphic richness. This title is also of prime importance because it lists every photographer for every one of the Government's surveys"--Hanson Collection catalog, page 100.
Atlas includes plates lithographed by J. Bien; illustrations by Weyss, Herman & Mahlo; Weyss, Herman & Aguirre; and Weyss, Herman & Lang; and photo-lithography by the Graphic Co. of 39 & 41 Park Place, N.Y.
Also available online.
SCNHRB copy is incomplete, having only: volumes 1-4 (v. 1: 39088002993756, v. 2: 39088002993764, v. 3: 39088002993772), two incomplete copies of volume 5 including copy 1, volume 5, chapters 4-5 only (39088002993798); copy 2, volume 5, chapters 1, 4-5 only (39088007450398); and a portfolio of some of the folio plates from the two atlases (39088007725617).
SCNHRB incomplete copy of the atlas has loose plates housed in an archival paperboard portfolio with linen cloth spine and printed paper cover label. The portfolio houses 31 plates (some color, some encapsulated, some "2nd ed."), including two copies of the title leaf from the Geological atlas, with the vignette of the headlands of Paria Creek, Arizona; one leaf of "Conventional signs;" one leaf of "Conventional signs for triangulation, outline and topographical plots of atlas sheets;" one leaf of the "Progress map of lines and areas of explorations and surveys ...;" two copies of the leaf of "Restored outline of Lake Bonneville;" atlas sheet numbers 49; 50 (2 copies); 58; 59; 65; 66; combined insets from 58 and 66 (2 copies); 67 (3 copies); 70(A) (2 copies); 70 (C) (2 copies); 75 (2 copies); 76 (2 copies); combined insets from 69(B), 69(D), 77(B),and 78(A) (2 copies); 83 (2 copies).
SCNHRB copy volume 1-3 has bookplates of Jonathan Dwight Jr. and Smithsonian Institution Libraries, gift of Marcia Brady Tucker.
SCNHRB copy inscribed in ink on front free endpaper of volume 2: E.O. Matthews 8/30/89
SCNHRB copy 1 of volume 5 has  leaves of handwritten notes laid-in. Stamped on title page: S.C. Brown. Copy 2 of volume 5 has typescript title page and is lacking the preliminaries up to page 15.
SCNHRB copy in brown cloth binding, title in gilt on spine; volumes 1-3 housed in a drop-back linen boxes; volume 2 with binder's ticket: A.E. Foote, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. Volume 5, copy 1 in brown cloth binding, title stamped in gilt on front cover; housed in an archival cardboard portfolio; volume 5, copy 2 is quarter bound in old brown cloth (with title in gilt on spine) and later green marbled boards, marbled edges.
(Historic Spanish Record of the Conquest) (no. 13, Geographical Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian)
Ancient Ruins in the Cañon de Chelle, N.M. (No. 11, Geographical Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian)
Catalogue and index of the publications of the Hayden, King, Powell, and Wheeler surveys: namely, Geological and geographical survey of the territories, Geological exploration of the fortieth parallel, Geographical and geological surveys of the Rocky mountain region, Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian; by L. F. Schmeckebier
Geographical catalogue of the M̲o̲l̲l̲u̲s̲c̲a̲ found west of the Rocky Mountains, between latitudes 33 ånd 49 n̊orth, by J.G. Cooper
"The following list is based on that published by P.P. Carpenter, in his report to the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1863."
Also available online.
In 1928, a U.S. Geological Survey mathematician determined the geographic center of North America by balancing a cardboard cutout of the continent with a pin stuck through it on his finger, reports April Baumgarten at Forum New Service. His result, reports Baumgarten, was an area roughly six miles west of the tiny town of Balta, North Dakota, which is 16 miles southwest of Rugby—the town that claimed the title. And in 1931, the community erected a monument, declaring itself the “Geographical Center of North America,” and joining a list of roadside attractions.
But Steph Yin at The New York Times reports that Rugby’s claim to fame may belong to another. Peter Rogerson, geography professor at the University of Buffalo, created a method for determining geographic centers. When he applied his method to North America, he found is that the geographic center of the continent actually lies 145 miles southwest.
“When I ran my computer program and looked at the final latitude and longitude, I was astounded to see that it was in a place called Center,” Rogerson tells Yin.
Rick Schmidt, the Extension agent based in Oliver County, where Center is located, was shocked by the news. “I am not sure that being the center of North America has really set in yet,” he tells Baumgarten. “I would say that it is fun to be the center of attention.”
Rogerson’s pronouncement puts to rest a controversy that has been simmering in North Dakota for the last couple years. James MacPherson at the Associated Press, reports that in 2015 the patrons of Hanson’s Bar in Robinson, North Dakota, 85 miles south of Rugby, collected $350 and bought the trademark for the phrase “Geographical Center of North America,” which Rugby had let lapse in 2009.
Bill Bender, mayor of Robinson and one of the bar's many owners tells MacPherson that “barstool science” validates the town’s claim since global warming has melted arctic sea ice, pushing North America south until the geographic center of the continent ended up smack-dab in the center of Hanson’s 45-foot long bar. ‘We're pretty confident if you come in and have a beer you’ll see we can very well make the case,” Bender tells MacPherson.
Rogerson’s methods, however, more compelling. Yin explains that the professor uses what's called an azimuthal equidistant map projection. There are a range of different methods to project a curved object on a flat surface, but Rogerson's method specializes in accuracy of positioning in the central region, Yin writes, "at the expense of shape and size toward its edges. (Think of the flag of the United Nations, centered on the North Pole.)"
Even so, the USGS has no official definition of a geographic center and no agreed upon method for determining it, Yin reports. And the current center does not include islands in the Caribbean, which are part of North America. There is also no particularly compelling scientific reason to calculate or debate the point. It's more of a matter of civic pride than scientific advancement, Rogerson tells Baumgarten.
Bender says that while he respects Rogerson’s work, his town is going to continue to push its claim as the geographic center—and in August will hold what it hopes is the first of many CenterFest celebrations.
On a Hayden survey of the territories in 1872 (United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 1871-1877), a group, which included West, E. Campbell Carrington, Jay Cox, Taggart, Clifford De V. Negley, William H. Jackson, William Henry Holmes on the right side, and Beveridge, are seated on the ground for mealtime.
Sixth annual report of the United States geological survey of the Territories, embracing portions of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah : being a report of progress of the explorations for the year 1872 / by F.V. Hayden ; conducted under the authority of the Secretary of the Interior
Western Americana 12033
Also available online.
Report on the lands of the arid region of the United States, with a more detailed account of the lands of Utah. With maps. By J. W. Powell
A group of men from the Hayden Survey Colorado expedition of 1873 sit on logs around a table for a meal. This is the party, that made the first ascent of the "Holy Cross" Mountain, Eagle County, Colorado. Pictured from left to right are Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, leader of the Survey, James H. Stevenson, William S. Holman, S. C. Jones, James Gardner, W. D. Whitney and William H. Holmes.
Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean / made under the direction of the secretary of war, in 1853- ..
See Wagner-Camp. Plains & the Rockies (1982, 4th edition) for detailed information on pagination, collation and contents of the individual volumes.
Volumes 1-11 were issued in the Congressional series of U.S. public documents as 33d Congress, 2nd session. House ex. doc. 91, and also as Senate ex. doc. 78. Volume 11 was also issued (1861) as 36th Congress, 2nd session. Senate ex. doc. [no number].
Supplement to volume 1 was issued in at least three forms: Supplement to volume 1, 1859, W.A. Harris, printer, as 35th Congress, 2nd session. Senate ex. doc. 46 [and] Volume 12, part 1-2, 1860: T.H. Ford, printer, as 36th Congress, 1st session. House ex. doc. 56, and Senate ex. doc. [no number].
The reports of the Pacific railroad surveys were prepared under the direct supervision of the Engineer Department. The volumes dealing with the soil, climate, geology, botany and zoology of the regions surveyed were edited and revised by Professors Henry and Baird of the Smithsonian institution. See Ingersoll, History of the War Department, 1879, pages 292-293.
"The quarto edition [of the Pacific Railroad Reports] began to appear in 1855, concluding in 1861 with volume XII. Despite their flaws, these volumes contain a monumental collection of scientific information, geographical, zoological, botanical, geological, of the still mysterious American West. Upon first examination, the volumes seem forbiddingly disorganized; reports clearly were printed as they were received; there is no overall system or arrangement, nor are there general indices to the volumes, and, as Camp has pointed out, there is the usual duplication of printing and lithography by both houses of Congress"--Wagner-Camp.
For further information concerning the publication of the work and a list of serial numbers assigned to the volumes in the Congressional series of documents, see Checklist of United States public documents, 1911, pages 1274-1275.
Various illustrators, engravers, lithographers, cartographers and printing firms contributed to the publication. Some of the illustrators include: A. H. Campbell, F.W. Egloffstein, Chas. Koppel, J.H. Richard, C. Schumann, J.S. Tidball, J. Young, and J.J. Young. Some of the engravers include: F. Artos, R. Hinshelwood, S.V. Hunt, R. Metzeroth, N. Orr, and Pinkney. Lithography and printing firms for the maps and illustrations include: Ackerman lith., J. Bien lith., Herline & Hensel lith., Hoffman, Knickerbocker & Co. lith., Sarony, Major & Knapp lith., Selmar Siebert's engraving & printing establishment, and T. Sinclair's lith.
Wagner-Camp. Plains & the Rockies (4th ed.), 262-267
Hill Collection of Pacific Voyages, 1281
Also available online.
SCNHRB has two copies; copy 2 is incomplete.
SCNHRB copy 1 is bound in 15 volumes, with the addition of the supplement to volume 1 (=v. 1b, barcode 39088020038709) and a variant copy of volume 12, part 2 (=v. 12, pt. 2b, barcode 39088020039905), which lacks the title leaf but includes appendices A, B, and C. Volume 12, part 2a (barcode 39088020039863) lacks the appendices.
SCNHRB copy 1 of the supplement to volume 1 and volume 11 (barcode 39088020040259) are both Senate-issued versions. The SCNHRB copy of the supplement to volume 1, issued as 35th Congress, 2d session, Senate ex. doc. no. 46, has imprint on title-page: Washington: William A. Harris, printer, 1859. The SCNHRB copy of volume 11, issued as 33d Congress, 2d session, Senate ex. doc. no. 78, has imprint on title-page: Washington: Beverley Tucker, printer, 1855.
SCNHRB copy 1 of volume 12, part 1 (barcode 39088020040291) was issued as 36th Congress, 1st Session, House of Representatives ex. doc. no. 56, with imprint on title page: Washington: Thomas A. Ford, printer, 1860.
SCNHRB copy 1 has bookplates: 1. (armorial) William Whitman, with motto "per ardua surgo" (tentatively identified as William Whitman, 1842-1928), with manuscript shelf marks; 2. Erastus Corning; 3. Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Gift of Betty A. and Lloyd G. Schermer. The volumes also have accession numbers from an unidentified collection, ranging from 2008-2022.
SCNHRB copy 1, volume 1 (barcode 39088020039855) has laid in: a single leaf of typescript description from the book dealer John Howell.
SCNHRB copy 1 has all volumes bound in three-quarters calf and red and black marbled boards, with red edges, title in gilt on spine, and marbled endpapers.
SCNHRB copy 2 has has volumes 2-5, 7, 9-10 and 12 only.
SCNHRB copy 2 of volume 5 is imperfect: the title leaf is wanting; the half title has contents obscured by mounted clipping.
SCNHRB copy 2 has mixed provenance: volume 2 (barcode 39088004370383): Berkeley Divinity School; volume 3 (barcode 39088006677314): Tucker Collection (with Jonathan Dwight, Jr. bookplate); volume 4 (barcode 39088006677322) has Harry Lubrecht bookseller notations on front free end paper; volume 5 (barcode 39088006677835) has provenance of George P. Merrill; v. 7 (barcode 39088006676688) has Harry Lubrecht bookseller notations on front free end paper; volume 9 (barcode 39088006681225) has accession number 142014, with Smithsonian library stamp on title page dated Apr 5 1892; volume 10 (barcode 39088006681266) has accession number 142015, with Smithsonian library stamp on title page dated Apr 5 1892; volume 12 part 1 (barcode 39088006681282) has Harry Lubrecht bookseller notations on title page; volume 12 part 2 (barcode 39088006681308) has bookplate: Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Gift of Marcia Brady Tucker, with handwritten Tucker collational notes on title page.
MAP OF / EXPLORATION AND SURVEYS / NEW MEXICO AND UTAH / made under the direction of the / SECRETARY OF WAR / by / CAPT. J. N. MACOMB TOPL ENGRS / assisted by / C. H. DIMMOCK, C. ENGR / 1860
Hayden Survey Group (United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 1871-1877) seated at a field luncheon table outside a tent. L to R: unknown; Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker; unknown; Asa Gray; Mrs. Strachey; Mrs. Asa Gray; unknown; Dr. Lambourne; James Stevenson; Lt. Gen. Sir Richard Strachey, R.E.; Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden; unknown. Black servant stands to the right of the group. Hooker, president of the Royal Society of London, was making a botanical tour of the United States with Professor Asa Gray of Harvard. Gray and Hooker subsequently published an essay on the geographical distribution of plants in the Rockies, a reflection in their interest in Darwinian evolution. Specimens from the survey were deposited at the Smithsonian Institution.
A man sits astride a mule pulling a cart with an odometer used to record the distances, run by Mr. Goodfellow, 1872. The odometer, made by attaching a pair of shafts to the fore wheels of an ambulance, to the spokes of which were attached the instruments that recorded their revolutions and measured the surface of the country over which it passed. These were the first wheels that were ever taken into this little-known region, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. During the Yellowstone expeditions led by Ferdinand V. Hayden, mules not only carried packs but pulled wagons and even odometers which measured distance for mapmakers. Collections from the expedition were given to the Smithsonian Institution.