Cultural developments in the new United States of America
By Collin Chen, Shayne Townsend, Megan Walker, Julia Sapon
Republican motherhood was the ideology representing women's roles in the time before, during, and after the American Revolution. It was the idea that daughters and mother should be taught to uphold ideas of Republicanism. They would pass their Republican values to further generations. This idea separated women from men but at the same time it encouraged the education of women and their importance in society. Republican motherhood allowed women to be involved in politics and raising children in Republican ideals with eduction, but didn't allow them to venture into political activity outside the realm of a women, at the time.
Group members involved include Paulina Gandara, Noah East, Delilah Ghannadi, Tanya Montaril, and Catherine Campbell.
In order to understand the cultural developments in the newly independent country of the United States of America, this museum has been created to illustrate the theme of nationalism through different pieces of art. The art is meant to illustrate the theme of nationalism in the Hudson River School, Rocky Mountain School, and some other genre of artists. The exhibit also includes a few examples of Thomas Jefferson's Architecture, Georgian architecture, and Federalist architecture. We also incorporated the nationalism by finding pieces that demonstrate patriotic fervor during the Revolutionary era and two other pieces that demonstrate the concept of republican motherhood.
Quick background information:
Hudson River School: The Hudson River school was the first native school of painting in the United States and was extremely nationalistic, because it shows the pride in american land, celebrates the natural beauty of America, and gives people a reason to be proud of being American. It is unique from European school of paintings, which signifies how they are becoming independent and are beginning to establish their own American identity.
Rocky Mountain School: The movement of the Hudson River School to the area of the Rocky Mountains took advantage of expeditions of the government and they attempted to demonstrate the light and immense beauty of the Rockies. These painters established an emerging nationalism with expressing the beauty of the country.
Genre Artists: Genre artists like William Sidney Mount painted people in their natural habitat doing everyday things to demonstrate the beauty of America and how they were hardworking. They illustrate the theme of nationalism, because they give a sense of the what the newly found country was about and depict who they really are and how they working to establish an identity for themselves.
Jefferson's Architecture: After becoming independent from Britain, Jefferson felt that they should develop their own style of architecture different from that of Britain. His purpose for doing so was to embody their own ideals, because he believed that architecture was the heart of the American cause. He felt that building a nation was just as important as the process of construction, so he looked to establish standards of a national architecture which promoted nationalism. We compare it to Georgian and Federalist architecture.
Patriotic Fervor & Republican Motherhood: During the revolution, patriots began to establish their identity as a nation by defending their rights against Britain. Republican Motherhood term for an attitude toward women's roles present in the United States. It centered on the belief that the patriots' daughters should be raised to uphold the ideals of republicanism, in order to pass on republican values to the next generation.
Genre artists were artists (such as William Sidney Mount or John Quidor) that painted people doing everyday activities in the United States, illustrating the daily lives of different people. These contribute to the idea of nationalism by presenting how the Americans have established their own unique culture and displaying an appreciation for different types of people. These works of art also suggest the idea of liberty and free will in the United States, as each person is free to live their life the way they choose and be able to sustain themselves.
The Rocky Mountain School of Art is a school of art prominently featuring Thomas Moran and Albert Bierstadt. This school of art places emphasis on the western territories in the United States, specifically places of nature. Like the Hudson River School, this school of art shows appreciation for the geography of the United States. These paintings display nationalism by encouraging and showing appreciation for westward expansion and depicting the resources and beautiful sights present in the newly discovered lands of the west.
The Hudson River School is a school of art founded by Thomas Cole depicting the Hudson River Valley and other natural scenes. These paintings, both depicting the Hudson River Valley with people in it, display the idea of discovering the so-called "New World." These contribute to the idea of nationalism by showing appreciation for the geography in America and taking inspiration from it. Furthermore, these paintings illustrate settlement in the United States, and how different people adapted to different environments in a country with varied landscapes.