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Crossing Streets; Table Manners

National Museum of American History
Fanny Brice. side 1: Crossing Streets; side 2: Table Manners (Capitol 7-32024). from the album, Baby Snooks (Capitol DC 3081) 78 rpm

Japan: Promotional and Theatrical Footage ca. 1927

Human Studies Film Archives
Title supplied by Archives staff (unpublished work) - archival collection

Research on this footage indicates that segments 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 13 are probably from the same professionally made film. The women in these segments are either actually are or are dressed and "made up" to look like geishas or some other professional women. Although we will probably never know why this film was created we believe that Theodore Richards, owner of this film, who worked for the Hawaiian Board of Missions as well as the Kamehameha School for Boys, may have used it in his efforts to make Hawaii a multi-cultural or interracial "Christian" society.

Cataloging supported by Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee

Donated by Robert Midkiff in 1993.

Footage of 13 separate segments compiled for unknown reasons of Japanese film. Segment 1: Scenes of Miyajima Island (also known as Itsukushishima Island) off the coast of Hiroshima (deer, shrine gate of Itsukushima Shrine, rice paddles, carved stone marker, foliage, men and women walking and having tea). Segment 2: Three young women (or girls) taking a boat ride in the Htsugawa river. Two of the young women wear elaborate kimonos and have elaborate hairdos. The other young woman is dressed in a more casual kimono and less elaborate hairstyle. An intertitle in Japanese reads "Ko'ayu Waterfall." Segment 3: Five women in short cotton robes descend stairs from building to a mudbank for mudbaths (a man covers one of the women in mud and prepares a space for another and they eat slices of melon, leave their mud bath to enter the water and then to exit). Segment 5: Men work a water wheel with their feet under an umbrella in a rice field. There are phone and/or electric lines in the background. Segment 6: A young girl blows up a paper ball/baloon and tosses the ball in the air. Segment 7: Bon-odori or Bon dance is being performed by men and women.(The dance is usually performed in the summer for the Bon festival which is a time to remember one's ancestors.) Segment 8: From the headdress and kimono worn by the central woman this could be a wedding procession to a shrine for the ceremony. Attendants could be family members wearing dark kimonos that would be appropriate for a wedding. Segment 9: Two young women, one wearing an elaborate kimono with a butterfly on the back panel. One woman uses a "comb" to work on the hair of the other. Segment 10: A sequence from Futagawa Buntaro's 1928 chambara style theatrical samurai film, "Poisonous Snake". Film depicts a clash of men with swords and sticks in what is believed to be the Tokugawa period (1600-1869). Interestingly although guns were not used in Japan during the Tokugawa period, a rifle is fired in this sequence. The clash also involves a Japanese woman. Segment 11: A man is lying on his back and juggling a young boy on his feet. Segment 12: A parade of men in historical costumes of samurai in formal clothing and then in armor followed by what appears to be courtiers of the Heian period. Segment 13: Three young women (possibly girls) dressed in elaborate kimonos with elaborate hairdos. A single woman is shown who then has her elaborate hairdo dismantled and re-done by a professional hairdresser and assistant. Hairdresser is show wrapping up her tools in a cloth furoshiki. Segment ends with a very brief shot of a woman in kimono dancing with a fan.

Navigantium atque itinerantium bibliotheca, or, A complete collection of voyages and travels : consisting of above six hundred of the most authentic writers, beginning with Hackluit, Purchass, &c. in English; Ramusio, Alamandini, Carreri, &c. in Italian; Thevenot, Renaudot, Labat, &c. in French; De Brye, Grynaeus, Maffeus, &c. in Latin; Herrera, Oviedo, Coreal, &c. in Spanish; and the voyages under the direction of the East-India Company in Holland, in Dutch : together with such other histories, voyages, travels, or discoveries, as are in general esteem; whether published in English, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, High and Low Dutch, or in any other European language : containing whatever has been observed worthy of notice in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America : in respect to the extent and situation of empires, kingdoms, provinces, &c. : the climate, soil, and produce, whether animal, vegetable, or mineral, of each country : likewise the religion, manners, and customs of the several inhabitants, their government, arts and sciences, publick buildings, mountains, rivers, harbours, &c. : illustrated by proper charts, maps, and cuts : to which is prefixed a copious introduction, comprehending the rise and progress of the art of navigation, and its successive improvements : together with the invention and use of the loadstone, and its variation : originally published in two volumes in folio / by John Harris ..

Smithsonian Libraries
Edited by John Campbell.

First edition, London, 1705.

Imprint varies in v. 2 with the addition of J. Ward at the end of the list of booksellers.

Pagination: v. 1: [12], xvi, [4], 984 p., [27] leaves of plates; v. 2: [10], 1056, [22] p., [34] leaves of plates.

Title printed in red and black; woodcut head-and tail-pieces, initials.

Text in double columns.

Vol. 1 has an initial imprimatur leaf preceding t.p.

Also available online.

SCDIRB copy (39088003699121, 39088004509865) has armorial bookplate of L.H. King-Harman of Newcastle.

SCDIRB copy imperfect: p. 279-280 of v. 1 mostly torn away, p. 467 torn in upper right corner.

SCDIRB copy quarter bound in modern brown goatskin and linen-cloth, title embossed on spine.


Narrative of a tour through Hawaii, or Owhyhee : with observations on the natural history of the Sandwich Islands, and remarks on the manners, customs, traditions, history, and language of their inhabitants / By William Ellis

Smithsonian Libraries
"H. Fisher, Caxton, Printer to His Majesty"--Verso of t.p.

Colophon has variant printer's statement: "Printed at the Caxton Press by H. Fisher, Son, and Co."

First published in 1826.

Frontispiece portrait of author, with his facsimile signature.

UC San Diego. Hill Coll., no. 546

Rodiek, G., Mrs. Library of Hawaiiana, p.14

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Preliminary catalogue, pt. V, p. 32 (lists pagination as: vi, 480 p.)

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy (39088015707615) imperfect: p. 457 & 463 torn, affecting text.

SCNHRB copy has gift presentation inscription on front free endpaper.

SCNHRB copy blind-embossed stamp on t.p.: Peabody Museum of Salem.

SCNHRB copy bound in brown-black faux leather binding, title in gilt on spine.


Text and vocabularies 1887

National Anthropological Archives
Negative microfilm on file, 2/70.

The text describes the manners and customs of the Ottawas, and the remainder is devoted to lexicographic data, including long lists of tribal names, names of months, and other linguistic matter. Ottawa text includes interlinear translation. 38 page text and 47 1/2 page vocabulary.

"The Alligewi Cherokee Mounds." with manuscript annotations

National Anthropological Archives
Largely a transcript from John Heckwelder, "An account of the history, manners, and customs of the Indian nations who once inhabited Pennsylvania and neighboring states," Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, v. 12, 1876, pages 48-49 (cited in footnote to Manuscript.)

Typescript Document (carbon typescript)

A Descriptive Catalogue of Catlin's Indian Gallery

Archives of American Art
Exhibition Catalog : 49 p. : ill. ; 21 x 17 cm

Full title: A Descriptive Catalogue of Catlin's Indian Gallery; containing Portraits, Landscapes, Costumes, &c. and Representations of the Manners and Customs of the North American Indians, Collected and Painted Entirely by Mr. Catlin, During Seven Years? Travel Amongst 48 Tribes, Mostly Speaking Different Languages.

Don't Pick Your Nose, 15th-Century Manners Book Warns

Smithsonian Magazine

Nowadays, parents make up all kinds of nonsense to keep their kids’ fingers out of their nostrils. A quick internet roundup reveals a multitude of lies: The consequences of nose-picking range from stuck fingers to supersized schnozzes, missed gifts from Santa and violent visits from an enraged snot monster.

Five hundred years ago, admonishments were a little more cut and dried—a trend evidenced by The Lytille Childrenes Lytil Boke, a 15th-century book on manners newly digitized by the British Library. “Pyke notte thyne errys nothyr thy nostrellys,” it exhorts. (We’ll save you the Middle English to modern American English Google Translate search: “Don’t pick your ears or nostrils.”)

One of many so-called courtesy books—a genre popular in Europe between the 13th and 18th centuries—the manuscript proffers advice on table manners and etiquette, ironically offering modern readers a glimpse into the mischief of medieval children, reports Stephanie Pappas for Live Science.

Originally published in 1480, the Lytil Boke certainly contains advice that has since gone obsolete. Medieval children, it sternly explained, should never use knives to pick at their teeth (“Pyke not thi tothe with thy knyff”). When handed a beverage, they should wait to imbibe until their lords had taken a first sip (“And yf thy lorde drynke at that tyde, / Dry[n]ke thou not, but hym abyde”). And under no circumstances should they engage in the monstrosities of excessive laughter, grinning or talking—transgressions that threaten to reveal a child’s natural buoyancy or joy (“Loke thou laughe not, nor grenne / And with moche speche thou mayste do synne”).

Some of the book’s advice still holds up and would be particularly pertinent in the context of a typical kindergarten classroom’s lunchtime shenanigans: Don’t spit over the table (“Spette not ovyr thy tabylle”), don’t burp as if you have a bean in your throat (“Bulle not as a bene were in thi throote”), and don’t be a glutton when they bring out the cheese (“And chesse cum by fore the, be not to redy”).

“These older collection items allow young people to examine the past close up,” Anna Lobbenberg, lead producer on the British Library’s digital learning program, tells Alison Flood at the Guardian. “Some of these sources will seem fascinatingly remote, while others may seem uncannily familiar despite being created hundreds of years ago.”

For a book centered on propriety, Lytil Boke has its fair share of quirks, including spelling inconsistencies apparent even in its title. (“Lytille” and “lytil” are both variations on “little,” a relic of a time before English spelling was standardized.) And it’s easy to imagine how the most badly behaved children might have reacted to being forced to read instructions out of a pedantic book of dos and don’ts. (Tellingly, someone named Maria, the likely once-owner of this particular copy of the Lytil Boke, apparently had the audacity to doodle her name on one of its pages.)

The British Library holds two other copies of the Lytil Boke in its collections; at least three more have been described elsewhere. But these and other courtesy books finally fell out of fashion in the 1700s, when writers began to craft cautionary tales that illustrated the perils of bad behavior through colorful narratives, according to the British Library’s Andy Stanton and M.O. Grenby.

The digitized Lytil Boke lives on as one of many “treasures from children’s literature” featured on the British Library’s new website, Discovering Children’s Books. Etiquette, the manuscript explains, isn’t just a social obligation, but a religious one, too: “Courtesy” comes directly from “heaven.”

Something for medieval children to ponder, perhaps, whenever they felt the urge to dig for gold in the Ole Nostril Pass.

River Bluffs, 1320 Miles above St. Louis

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Catlin's Indian Gallery, New York

Archives of American Art
1 exhibition catalog ; 18 x 11 cm. The first of several printings of the Catalogue of Catlin's Indian Gallery of Portraits, Landscapes, Manners and Customs, Costumes, &c. &c, Collected During Seven Year's Travel Amongst Thirty-Eight Different Tribes, Speaking Different Languages.

The present state of Peru : comprising its geography, topography, natural history, mineralogy, commerce, the customs and manners of its inhabitants, the state of literature, philosophy, and the arts, the modern travels of the missionaries in the heretofore unexplored mountainous territories, &c. &c. / the whole drawn from original and authentic documents, chiefly written and compiled in the Peruvian capital ; and embellished by twenty engravings of costumes, &c

Smithsonian Libraries
Preface signed on p. xi: Joseph Skinner.

Contents derived from El Mercurio peruano "as it was carried on during the first sixteen months, commencing with January 1791, and from various authentic sources ... 'Present state of Peru' has been compiled."- Pref., p. viii.

Printer's imprint at foot of t.p. verso: Printed by B. M'Millan, Bow-Street, Covent-Garden.

Illustrations hand-colored.

Plate II is misnumbered as "III"; plate VIII is misnumbered as "II."

Errata on final p.

Abbey, J.R. Travel, 723

Sabin 81615

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy 39088011476009 has blind-embossed stamp on t.p.: Bureau of American Ethnology Library; accession no.: 10658.

SCNHRB copy has a modern black quarter-morocco leather binding with red linen-covered boards and a gilt-lettered spine label.



NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
From card: "From the pyramid of Asychis who according to [John Gardner] Wilkinson reigned 100 years before Abraham. Straw still preserved." Anthropology catalogue ledger book calls this a "sun-baked" brick, and notes that straw is still visible in it.

See pp. 131 - 132 of Wilkinson, John Gardner. 1837. Manners and customs of the ancient Egyptians: including their private life, government, laws, arts, manufacturers, religion and early history : derived from a comparison of the painting, sculptures and monuments still existing with the accounts of ancient authors ; in three volumes 1. 1. London: Murray, where Wilkinson identifies the purported "Asychis" pyramid as a brick pyramid at Dahshur. See p. 388 in Karl Baedeker (Firm). 1878. Egypt: handbook for travellers. Pt 1. Leipsic: K. Baedeker, where it is noted about the northernmost brick pyramid at Dahshur: "It is sometimes pointed out, but without any authority, as the fabulous pyramid which Herodotus mentions as having been erected by King Asychis ..." The northernmost pyramid at Dahshur is the mudbrick Pyramid of Senusret III.

America : being the latest, and most accurate description of the New World : containing the original of the inhabitants, and the remarkable voyages thither : the conquest of the vast empires of Mexico and Peru, and other large provinces and territories, with the several European plantations in those parts : also their cities, fortresses, towns, temples, mountains, and rivers : their habits, customs, manners, and religions : their plants, beasts, birds, and serpents : with an appendix containing, besides several other considerable additions, a brief survey of what hath been discover'd of the unknown south-land and the Arctick region / collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby ..

Smithsonian Libraries
Added engraved t.p.

Title in red and black.

Apparently based in part on Arnoldus Montanus's "De nieuwe en onbekende weereld : of beschryving van American en 't zuid-land," which was granted copyright privileges in July, 1670, and published in Amsterdam in 1671. Sabin, who records an edition of Ogilby as bearing date of 1670, says: "This English translation is, like Dapper's 'an impudent plagiarism from Montanus, plates included. In the text many changes and additions were made by Ogilby, and his maps of Maryland, Jamaica and Barbados are not found in Montanus. The general map of America in Ogilby also differs materially from that in the Dutch work.

Wing O165

Also available online.


Cooper-Hewitt copy lacks final leaf, containing list of plates.

CHMRB preservation buckram enclosures supported by the Collections Care and Preservation Fund (CCPF) in 2014.

CHMRB copy 39088006519433 has bookplate: Smithsonian Libraries Adopt-a-Book program. Adopted by Richard Choi & Claudia Perry In honor of Hailey Marie Choi on November 7, 2017.

Journal of a cruise made to the Pacific Ocean, : by Captain David Porter, in the United States frigate Essex, in the years 1812, 1813, and 1814. : Containing descriptions of the Cape de Verd Islands, coasts of Brazil, Patagonia, Chili, and Peru, and of the Gallapagos Islands; also, a full account of the Washington groupe of islands, the manners, customs, and dress of the inhabitants, &c. &c. : Illustrated with fourteen engravings. : In two volumes. Vol. I[-II]

Smithsonian Libraries
Frontispiece portrait of David Porter by Wood engraved by Edwin; map by Porter engraved by Kneass; plates by D. Adams, Porter, and W. Strickland engraved by Kneass and W. Strickland.

Copyright Dec. 24, 1814, by Bradford and Inskeep.

Volume 2 with imprint: published by Bradford and Inskeep; and Abraham H. Inskeep, New-York; and for sale by O.C. Greenleaf, Boston; and William Essex and Son, Lexington, Ken. J. Maxwell, printer. 1815.

Volume 1: vi, [2], 263, [1] pages, [2] leaves of plates; volume 2: [2], 169, [1] pages, [12] leaves of plates (1 folded). The last page is blank in both volume 1 and 2.

Error in paging: volume 2, pages 35, 50 misnumbered 53, 40.

"Bradford and Inskeep have just published in the United States and England: ..."--p. [4] of cover.

Sabin, J. Dictionary of books relating to America from its discovery to the present time, 64218

Shaw, R.R. American bibliography, 35674

Shaw, R.R. American bibliography, 35032

University of California, San Diego. Hill collection of Pacific voyages, 1371

Wright Howes, the final edition of U.S.iana, P484

Also available online.

SCNHRB copy 39088018147231 is imperfect: most of the folded map ("Chart of the Washington islands," in volume 2, between pages 10 and 11) has been torn away. A photocopy of the map made from a different copy (not in the collections of the Smithsonian Libraries) is laid in, housed in an archival envelope. All of the other plates were present at the time of cataloging (October 2015).

SCNHRB copy has the autograph of a former owner in ink on the title page: S. Sitgreaves.

SCNHRB copy has bookplate: Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Gift of Dr. Storrs L. Olson.

SCNHRB copy has a modern half-leather binding with marbled paper boards, raised bands, gilt- and blind-tooled spine, and beige endpapers.

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