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John Adams

Smithsonian American Art Museum

John Adams Whipple

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery
Second president, 1797–1801

Of all the Founding Fathers, John Adams was perhaps the most intellectual and accomplished. He helped craft the argument supporting the independence of the Continental Congress and later served on the diplomatic mission that ended the Revolutionary War. When George Washington chose him as his vice president, Adams complained that his lack of official duties meant that he occupied “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived.” Nevertheless, he used the position as his ticket to the presidency and was elected in 1796 after a bitter campaign against Thomas Jefferson. During Adams’s single term as president, political posturing and bickering inhibited him at home, and France’s interference with American commerce created a challenge for him abroad. Adams managed to keep the nation at peace, but he left the White House largely discredited on all sides.When Adams was vice president, he had portraits done by the artist John Trumbull, who based this painting on one of those original portraits. Trumbull incorporated the likeness into his depiction of the signing of the Declaration of Independence that is on display in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

2o presidente, 1797–1801

De todos los Padres Fundadores de Estados Unidos, John Adams fue quizás el más culto e intelectual. Ayudó a formular los argumentos en pro de la independencia del Congreso Continental y luego formó parte de la misión diplomática que puso fin a la Guerra de Independencia. Cuando George Washington lo escogió como vicepresidente, Adams se quejó de que la falta de deberes oficiales hacía de este “el cargo más insignificante jamás concebido por el hombre”. No obstante, utilizó el puesto como vía hacia la presidencia, resultando electo en 1796 luego de una campaña encarnizada contra Thomas Jefferson. Durante el único término de Adams como presidente, las polémicas y posturas políticas adversas restringieron su labor en el ámbito nacional, y la interferencia de Francia en el comercio estadounidense le creó dificultades en el extranjero. Adams logró evitar conflictos bélicos, pero al finalizar su paso por la Casa Blanca estaba bastante desacreditado en la opinión de todos. Durante sus años como vicepresidente, Adams encargó varios retratos al artista John Trumbull, quien realizó esta pintura basándose en una de aquellas obras originales. Trumbull incorporó esta imagen en su pintura de la firma de la Declaración de Independencia que se encuentra en la rotunda del capitolio de Estados Unidos.

John Adams

Smithsonian American Art Museum

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams

National Portrait Gallery
Born Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts

Founding Father John Adams was a powerful political thinker and served as George Washington’s vice president for eight years. Gaining the presidency himself in 1801, Adams was not able to win a second term. However, during the period after his presidency, many publishers, authors, and artists celebrated him through printed portraits and illustrated biographies. The young Boston engraver Nathaniel Dearborn may have been inspired by a similar sense of populist patriotism when he created this print of Adams. Dearborn’s engraving was a copy after David Edwin’s 1800 print, which was itself a copy of a painting by Edward Savage. Despite its lack of pretension, the image was undoubtedly recognizable and might have found a ready market in the Boston area.

John Adams Dix

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams Dix

National Portrait Gallery

John Adams Quincy

Smithsonian American Art Museum

John Strong Adams

Catalog of American Portraits

2c John Adams single

National Postal Museum
mint; perf 11 x 10.5

John Adams Commemorative Token

National Museum of American History
This token was made by the Scovill Manufacturing Company of Waterbury, Connecticut during the early 20th century. The Scovill Company was established in 1802 as a button manufacturer and is still in business today. Scovill was an early industrial American innovator, adapting armory manufacturing processes to mass-produce a variety of consumer goods.

Obverse: Bust of John Adams facing right. Legend: 2ND PRESIDENT, U.S.A./ 1797-1801/ JOHN ADAMS.

Reverse: Legend reads: "SON OF LIBERTY"/ "COLOSSUS OF INDEPENDENCE"/ MINISTER TO ENGLAND VICE PRESIDENT TWO TERMS CREATED U.S. NAVY ON ACCOUNT OF EUROPEAN WAR CLOUD FIRST PRESIDENT TO OCCUPY WHITE HOUSE.

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Quincy Adams

Catalog of American Portraits

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Quincy Adams

Catalog of American Portraits

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery
Son of the second president, to whom he owed his formidable intellectual training, John Quincy Adams was fated, like his father, to serve an undistinguished term as president (1828-32). Despite his long experience as an ambassador, senator, and secretary of state, Adams was unable to master the fractious sectional politics of the 1820s. The rigid and humorless New Englander was also out of step with the new popular political style pioneered by Andrew Jackson. Yet these so-called flaws contributed to Adams's success in his life's second act. Returning to Congress in 1831 (the only ex-president to take a lesser office after leaving the White House), Adams became known as "Old Man Eloquent" for his passionate opposition to slavery. In defending the African prisoners on the slave ship Amistad, he made the case in Congress that slavery was not just immoral but unconstitutional.

John Quincy Adams

National Portrait Gallery
The reverse of this medal is similar to those created for the presidents from Thomas Jefferson through Zachary Taylor: two clasped hands—Euro-American (with a uniform sleeve) and Indian (with a crossed pipe and tomahawk)—and the words “PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP.”

El reverso de esta medalla es similar a los que se crearon para los presidentes desde Thomas Jefferson hasta Zachary Taylor: dos manos entrelazadas, una euro-americana (dejando ver el puño de un uniforme) y una indígena, coronadas por una pipa y un hacha cruzadas y con las palabras “PAZ Y AMISTAD”.

Anverso: Moritz Fürst (1782–después de 1841)

Reverso: John Reich (1768–1833)

Plata, 1825–28; posiblemente acuñada después del año 1825 que aparece en la medalla

Galería Nacional de Retratos, Instituto Smithsonian, donación de Andrew Oliver
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