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Ruins at Cebollita near mesa from south and at east end 1899

National Anthropological Archives
This area, and consequently these pictures have been confused with the Cebolleta area, New Mexico. These pictures relate to a ruin or ruins known as Kowina in Cebollita canyon or valley which may have been occupied by the prehistoric Acoma. At Cebolleta in northeast Valencia County was a Navaho settlement and mission, 1746-49. Some maps spell both areas Cebolleta; Rupe and Dittert spell the Canyon with an i and the Mesa with an e--both Canyon and Mesa and in the Acoma area. See Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30: Cebolleta; Bureau of American Ethnology Annual Report 35, Pt. 1 Kowina, pages 10-14. (Field notes by Hodge).

Arthur Bibo to M W Stirling. March 8, 1954. Box 25, Albuquerque, New Mexico. "On checking some photographs while in Washington, March 2, 1954, at your Bureau, I found some errors made with regard to proper description of locations. These were the photos taken by Vroman in 1900 in the Cebollita Canon in Valencia Co. New Mexico, and some taken by Jesse Nusbaum in the same area 10 to 12 years later. The ruins mentioned as "Old Spanish Mission" erected for the Navahos about 1746 is in-correct. This ruin is in the SE 1/4 of Section 8 of Twp. 7 North, Range 9 West N.M.P.M. at the head of the Cebollita Canon. The tribe: is not Navaho but Acoma. The Acomas call this ruin and the area immediately adjacent thereto as "Kowina". The other ruin in the pictures you have which mention the square walls, is on what we term Garcia Mesa in the Cebollita Canon also, in Section 24 of Twp. 8 North, Range 10 West.

"Both these ruins are on property I own at present. These two fortified sites, erected about 1150 A.D. or a little earlier according to Dr Reginald Rey Ruppe Jr and Alfred Dittert Jr who did extensive field work in this area and to whom I can refer you, were photographed by Nels Nelson also in 1916. Unfortunately the region is being confused with the town of Cebollita on the Southeast slope of Mt Taylor where a mission church was established by Father Menchero about 1746 tho never built. Dr Ruth Underhill used this mistaken identity in her book "Here Come the Navaho" published by the Dept of the Interior last year."

Arthur Bibo, Los Pilares Ranch, Cubero, N.M. on whose property this ruin is located gives the location as T 7 N, R 9 W. It is known as the Kowina Ruin. Mr Bibo here 3/2/54.

Black and white glass negative

Ruellia brevicaulis Baker

NMNH - Botany Dept.

Ruellia brevicaulis Baker

NMNH - Botany Dept.

Ruellia bulbifera Lindau

NMNH - Botany Dept.

Ruellia bulbifera Lindau

NMNH - Botany Dept.
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