Previous custodian or owner: Chen Rentao 陳仁濤 (1906-1968)
Previous custodian or owner: Frank Caro (1904-1980)
Previous custodian or owner: U.S. Customs Service
Provenance: To 1960
Provenance: Chen Rentao (1906-1968), Hong Kong, and Frank Caro, C. T. Loo & Co., New York, to 1960 
Provenance: From 1960 to 1979
Provenance: Department of Treasury, U. S. Customs Service 
Provenance: From 1979
Provenance: Freer Gallery of Art, from October 23, 1979 
Provenance:  This object is one of a group of 88 objects (F80.104-F80.180, FSC-S-22-25 and FSC-O-11a-h) seized in 1960 by the U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury, from the dealer and collector Chen Rentao, Hong Kong and Frank Caro of C. T. Loo & Co., New York.
Provenance: The objects were deemed to have been introduced into the commerce of the United States in violation of 19 U.S.C. 1592 (Trade with Communist China).
Provenance:  See note 1. The object’s ownership title is based on the settlement agreement, dated November 1971, between the United States, Chen Tung Siang Wen, the executrix for Chen Rentao Estate, and Frank Caro, copy in object file.
Provenance: See U.S. Customs Service Memorandum, April 23, 1979 and a letter from Thadeus Rojek, Chief Counsel, Department of the Treasury, U.S. Custom Service, to Marie C. Malaro, Assistant General Counsel, Smithsonian Institution, dated November 29, 1979, copy in object file. The objects remained in the custody of the U.S. Customs Service office in New York until 1979.
Provenance:  The object was transferred to the Freer Gallery of Art on October 23, 1979.
Accession Number: F1980.112e
Period: Qing dynasty
Medium: Ink on paper
Dimensions: H x W (image): 22 x 13.5 cm (8 11/16 x 5 5/16 in)
Related Online Resources: Google Cultural Institute
See more items in: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Credit Line: Transfer from the United States Customs Service, Department of the Treasury
Restrictions & Rights: Usage conditions apply