This Fox No. 3 Typewriter was manufactured by the Fox Typewriter Company of Grand Rapids, Michigan during the early 1900s. Fox No. 3 is an upstriking machines, with a three row QWERTY keyboard with a fourth top row containing the machine’s number and symbols. The disadvantage of the upstriking machine is that the carriage had to be lifted up for the typist to view her work, slowing the typing process down and obscuring errors.
The Fox Typewriter Company was founded in 1902 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Fox Typewriter Company was an offspring of the Fox Machine Company, originally produced blind upstriking typewriters before producing a visible typewriter in 1906. World War I created uneasiness in the typewriter market, leading many companies to cease manufacture. The President of the Fox Typewriter Company, William R. Fox, returned to the Fox Machine Company in 1915, but a new Fox Typewriter Company was founded later in the year, buying the company’s patents and factory. The new Fox Typewriter Company produced the Fox portable in 1917 before declaring bankruptcy in 1921.
National Museum of American History
Location: Currently not on view
maker: Fox Typewriter Company, Ltd.
ID Number: ME.315311
catalog number: 315311
accession number: 219759
Measurements: overall: 12 in x 15 1/2 in x 14 1/4 in; 30.48 cm x 39.37 cm x 36.195 cm
See more items in: Work and Industry: Mechanisms
See more items in: Typewriters
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Credit Line: John E. Prince