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Women and Science

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These resources are for the students in the Women and Science Honors Seminar at Rutgers, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences. Instructors; Distinguished Professor Joan Bennett and Visiting Professor Catherine Reid. The resources highlight women represented in different Smithsonian collections for their pioneering works in their respective fields.

Women faced challenges when they entered male dominant institutions, such as employment in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. They faced struggle for gender inclusion, and in some cases, added racial discrimination. In many cases, the accomplishments of women and people of color were rendered invisible in the official histories of institutions. With the pioneering works of feminist activists and gender scholars, counter narratives are now emerging to illuminate the ongoing project of racial and gender inclusion in the 21st  century. 

 For additional resources on women in science at Smithsonian, go to the site Women in Science.  Also the NASA site from Hidden Figures to Modern Figures celebrates the accomplishments of Katherine Johnson, Mary Jackson, and Dorothy Vaughan who contributed as researchers to NASA projects. 


Lucile Quarry Mann Feeding Tiger Cub, Babette

Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Mary Agnes Chase, Botanist

Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Barbara McClintock (1902-1992)

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Sophie Lutterlough at a Microscope, 1983

Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Grace Hopper

National Museum of American History

Anna Chao Pai (b. 1935)

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Katherine Johnson, Hampton, Virginia

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Chien-Shiung Wu

National Portrait Gallery

Ruby Hirose

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Photographic print of Eunice Jackson in uniform with nurses

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Name Tag, Shuttle Astronaut (Ochoa) (Flown)

National Air and Space Museum

Margaret Mead

National Portrait Gallery

Portrait of Dr Susan La Flesche Picotte n.d

National Anthropological Archives

18c Elizabeth Blackwell single

National Postal Museum