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The Five Pillars of Islam

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Cultures +2 Age Levels Intermediate (9 to 12 years old), Middle School (12 to 15 years old)

This collection includes artifacts and images that represent the Five Pillars of Islam. Students should complete the chart (included as the final resource) by first explaining what each pillar is. Then, after looking through the collection, they should identify an artifact that represents each one and explain why.

Tags: Islam, Muslim, religion, Muhammad, object analysis, practice, pilgrimage, hajj, fasting, Ramadan, Shahadah, zakat, tithe, salat, prayer

View in Mecca: the Ka'ba and the Great Mosque, from the north

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Tile in the shape of a mihrab

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Ghiordes Prayer Rug

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

Page of calligraphy

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Nature Morte, from the series, Desert of Pharan

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Minaret at Mocha, Yemen, 1996

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Coin issued by Nadir Shah (reigned 1736-1747)

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Charity

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Textile

Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum

34c Eid Mubarak single

National Postal Museum

Alms bowl

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery